John 13

Chapter 13

13:1  Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

before the feast

For order of events during the night of the last passover, (See Scofield "Matthew 26:20") .

13:2  And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

devil diabolos. (See Scofield "Revelation 20:10") .

13:10  Jesus saith to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.


The underlying imagery is of an oriental returning from the public baths to his house. His feet would contract defilement and require cleansing, but not his body. So the believer is cleansed as before the law from all sin "once for all" Hebrews 10:1-12 but needs ever to bring his daily sins to the Father in confession, that he may abide in unbroken fellowship with the Father and with the Son 1 John 1:1-10 . The blood of Christ answers forever to all the law could say as to the believer's guilt, but he needs constant cleansing from the defilement of sin, ; Ephesians 5:25-27 ; 1 John 5:6 . Typically, the order of approach to the presence of God was, first, the brazen altar of sacrifice, and then the laver of cleansing Exodus 40:6 Exodus 40:7 . See, also, the order in Exodus 30:17-21 . Christ cannot have communion with a defiled saint, but He can and will cleanse him.

washed Lit. bathed. The Greek word signifies a complete ablution. "Wash" is another word.

13:31  Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.

Son of man

(See Scofield "Matthew 8:20") .