1 Samuel 26:5

Overview - 1 Samuel 26
Saul, by the discovery of the Ziphites, comes to Hachilah against David.
David coming into the trench stays Abishai from killing Saul, but takes his spear and cruse.
13 David reproves Abner;
17 and exhorts Saul.
21 Saul acknowledges his sin.
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1 Samuel 26:5  (King James Version)
And David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched: and David beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round about him.

9:1 1 Samuel 14:50 1 Samuel 14:51 17:55 2 Samuel 2:8-12 ; 2 Samuel 3:7 2 Samuel 3:8 2 Samuel 3:27 2 Samuel 3:33-38 1 Chronicles 9:39

or, midst of his carriages.
The word {magal} never signifies a ditch or rampart, but a chariot or waggon way. Nor does it seem to denote a ring of carriages, as Buxtorf and others interpret the word; for it is not probable that Saul would encumber his army with baggage in so rapid a pursuit, nor that so mountainous a country was practicable for waggons. It appears simply to mean here, the circular encampment (from {agal,} "round") which these troops formed, in the midst of which, as being the place of honour, Saul reposed. An Arab camp, D'Arvieux informs us, is always circular, when the disposition of the ground will permit, the prince being in the middle, and the troops at a respectful distance around him. Add to which, their lances are fixed near them in the ground all the day long, ready for action.