Exodus 38:8

Overview - Exodus 38
The altar of burnt offering.
The laver of brass.
The court, and its hangings.
21 The sum of what the people offered, and the use to which it was applied.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 38:8  (King James Version)
And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of it of brass, of the lookingglasses of the women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

the laver
30:18-21 Exodus 40:7 Exodus 40:30-32 1 Kings 7:23-26 1 Kings 7:38 ; Psalms 26:6 ; Zechariah 13:1 ; John 13:10
Titus 3:5 Titus 3:6 ; Hebrews 9:10 ; 1 John 3:7 ; Revelation 1:5

looking glasses
or, brazen glasses.
The word {maroth,} from {raah,} to see, denotes reflectors, or mirrors, of any kind. That these could not have been looking glasses, as in our translation, is sufficiently evident, not only from the glass not being then in use, but also from the impossibility of making the brazen laver of such materials. The first mirrors known among men, were the clear fountain and unruffled lake. The first artificial ones were made of polished brass, afterwards of steel, and when luxury increased, of silver; but at a very early period, they were made of a mixed metal, particularly of tin and copper, the best of which, as Pliny informs us, were formerly manufactured at Brundusium. When the Egyptians went to their temples, according to St. Cyril, they always carried their mirrors with them. The Israelitish women probably did the same; and Dr. Shaw says, that looking-glasses are still part of the dress of Moorish women, who carry them constantly hung at their breasts.

Hebrew assembling by troops.
It is supposed that these women kept watch during the night. Among the ancients, women were generally employed as door-keepers
See 1 ; Sa 2:22
Proverbs 8:34 ; Matthew 26:69 ; Luke 2:37 ; John 18:16 ; 1 Timothy 5:5