Luke 3:24

24 [son] of Matthat, [son] of Levi, [son] of Melchi, [son] of Jannai, [son] of Joseph,

Luke 3:24 Meaning and Commentary

Luke 3:24

Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi,
&c.] These two, Grotius says, are omitted in the ancient exemplars; and he thinks they ought to be left out; and for which he mentions the authorities of Irenaeus, Africanus, Eusebius, Nazianzen, Jerom, and Augustin: but not only the Vulgate Latin, but all the Oriental versions, retain them:

which was the son of Melchi:
and who, he thinks, was the immediate father of Eli:

which was the son of Janna:
frequent mention is made, in the Jewish writings F5 of (aklm yany) , "king Jannai", who is said to be the same with king Jochanan, or John, the son of Simeon, the son of Mattithiah, that was called Hyrcanus; and his son Alexander, that reigned after him, was also called Jannai F6; but whether either of these is the same with this Janna, is not certain: but this may be observed, that they were both before the times of Herod, and the birth of Jesus, some years. And Jannai is called; in the chronicle of Jedidiah of Alexandria, or Philo the Jew F7, Hyrcanus the second, who reigned sixteen years:

which was the son of Joseph.
This Joseph, according to the same chronicle, is called Joseph the second, and surnamed Arsis, and was greatly honoured by Ptolemy, and governed sixty years; and accordingly we shall meet with another Joseph anon.


FOOTNOTES:

F5 T. Hieros. Beracot, fol. 11. 2. & passim.
F6 Juchasin. fol. 15. 1. & 16. 2.
F7 Apud. Vorst. Not. ad. Chronol. R. David Ganz, p. 311.

Luke 3:24 In-Context

22 and the Holy Spirit descended on Him in a physical appearance like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: You are My beloved Son. I take delight in You!
23 As He began [His ministry], Jesus was about 30 years old and was thought to be the son of Joseph, [son] of Heli,
24 [son] of Matthat, [son] of Levi, [son] of Melchi, [son] of Jannai, [son] of Joseph,
25 [son] of Mattathias, [son] of Amos, [son] of Nahum, [son] of Esli, [son] of Naggai,
26 [son] of Maath, [son] of Mattathias, [son] of Semein, [son] of Josech, [son] of Joda,