Proverbs 13

1 A wise son [hears his] father's instruction, but a mocker doesn't listen to rebuke.
2 From the words of his mouth, a man will enjoy good things, but treacherous people have an appetite for violence.[a]
3 The one who guards his mouth protects his life; the one who opens his lips invites his own ruin.[b]
4 The slacker craves, yet has nothing, but the diligent is fully satisfied.[c]
5 The righteous hate lying, but the wicked act disgustingly and disgracefully.
6 Righteousness guards people of integrity,[d] but wickedness undermines the sinner.[e]
7 One man pretends to be rich but has nothing; another pretends to be poor but has great wealth.[f]
8 Riches are a ransom for a man's life,[g] but a poor man hears no threat.
9 The light of the righteous shines brightly,[h] but the lamp of the wicked is extinguished.[i]
10 Arrogance leads to nothing but strife,[j] but wisdom is gained by those who take advice.
11 Wealth obtained by fraud will dwindle,[k] but whoever earns it through labor[l] will multiply it.[m]
12 Delayed hope makes the heart sick, but fulfilled desire is a tree of life.[n]
13 The one who has contempt for instruction will pay the penalty, but the one who respects a command will be rewarded.[o]
14 A wise man's instruction is a fountain of life, turning people away from the snares of death.[p]
15 Good sense wins favor, but the way of the treacherous never changes.[q]
16 Every sensible person acts knowledgeably, but a fool displays his stupidity.
17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble, but a trustworthy courier [brings] healing.[r]
18 Poverty and disgrace [come to] those who ignore instruction, but the one who accepts rebuke will be honored.[s]
19 Desire fulfilled is sweet to the taste, but fools hate to turn from evil.[t]
20 The one who walks with the wise will become wise, but a companion of fools will suffer harm.
21 Disaster pursues sinners, but good rewards the righteous.
22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his[u] grandchildren, but the sinner's wealth is stored up for the righteous.[v]
23 The field of the poor yields abundant food, but without justice, it is swept away.
24 The one who will not use the rod hates his son, but the one who loves him disciplines him diligently.[w]
25 A righteous man eats until he is satisfied, but the stomach of the wicked is empty.

Proverbs 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Verse 1 There is great hope of those that reverence their parents. There is little hope of any who will not hear those that deal faithfully with them. Verse 2 . By our words we must be justified or condemned, ( Verse 3 ) . He that thinks before he speaks, that suppresses evil if he have thought it, keeps his soul from a great deal both of guilt and grief. Many a one is ruined by an ungoverned tongue. Verse 4 . The slothful desire the gains the diligent get, but hate the pains the diligent take; therefore they have nothing. This is especially true as to the soul. Verse 5 . Where sin reigns, the man is loathsome. If his conscience were awake, he would abhor himself, and repent in dust and ashes. Verse 6 . An honest desire to do right, preserves a man from fatal mistakes, better than a thousand fine-drawn distinctions. Verse 7 . Some who are really poor, trade and spend as if they were rich: this is sin, and will be shame, and it will end accordingly. Some that are really rich, would be thought to be poor: in this there is want of gratitude to God, want of justice and charity to others. There are many hypocrites, empty of grace, who will not be convinced of their poverty. There are many fearing Christians, who are spiritually rich, yet think themselves poor; by their doubts, and complaints, and griefs, they make themselves poor. Verse 8 . Great riches often tempt to violence against those that possess them; but the poor are free from such perils. Verse 9 . The light of the righteous is as that of the sun, which may be eclipsed and clouded, but will continue: the Spirit is their Light, he gives a fulness of joy: that of the wicked is as a lamp of their own kindling, easily put out. Verse 10 . All contentions, whether between private persons, families, churches, or nations, are begun and carried forward by pride. Disputes would be easily prevented or ended, if it were not for pride. Verse 11 . Wealth gotten by dishonesty or vice, has a secret curse, which will speedily waste it. Verse 12 . The delay of what is anxiously hoped for, is very painful to the mind; obtaining it is very pleasant. But spiritual blessings are chiefly intended. Verse 13 . He that stands in awe of God, and reverences his word, shall escape destruction, and be rewarded for his godly fear. Verse 14 . The rule by which the wise regulate their conduct, is a fountain yielding life and happiness. Verse 15 . The way of sinners is hard upon others, and hard to the sinner himself. The service of sin is slavery; the road to hell is strewed with the thorns and thistles that followed the curse. Verse 16 . It is folly to talk of things of which we know nothing, and to undertake what we are no way fit for. Verse 17 . Those that are wicked, and false to Christ and to the souls of men, do mischief, and fall into mischief; but those that are faithful, find sound words healing to others and to themselves. Verse 18 . He that scorns to be taught, will certainly be brought down. Verse 19 . There are in man strong desires after happiness; but never let those expect any thing truly sweet to their souls, who will not be persuaded to leave their sins. Verse 20 . Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company. And all that make themselves wicked will be destroyed. Verse 21 . When God pursues sinners he is sure to overtake them; and he will reward the righteous. Verse 22 . The servant of God who is not anxious about riches, takes the best method of providing for his children. Verse 23 . The poor, yet industrious, thrive, though in a homely manner, while those who have great riches are often brought to poverty for want of judgment. Verse 24 . He acts as if he hated his child, who, by false indulgence, permits sinful habits to gather strength, which will bring sorrow here, and misery hereafter. Verse 25 . It is the misery of the wicked, that even their sensual appetites are always craving. The righteous feeds on the word and ordinances, to the satisfying of his soul with the promises of the gospel, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Bread of life.

Footnotes 23

Proverbs 13 Commentaries