Deuteronomy 30

Prosperity After Turning to the LORD

1 When all these blessings and curses I have set before you come on you and you take them to heart wherever the LORD your God disperses you among the nations,
2 and when you and your children return to the LORD your God and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul according to everything I command you today,
3 then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes[a] and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the nations where he scattered you.
4 Even if you have been banished to the most distant land under the heavens, from there the LORD your God will gather you and bring you back.
5 He will bring you to the land that belonged to your ancestors, and you will take possession of it. He will make you more prosperous and numerous than your ancestors.
6 The LORD your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants, so that you may love him with all your heart and with all your soul, and live.
7 The LORD your God will put all these curses on your enemies who hate and persecute you.
8 You will again obey the LORD and follow all his commands I am giving you today.
9 Then the LORD your God will make you most prosperous in all the work of your hands and in the fruit of your womb, the young of your livestock and the crops of your land. The LORD will again delight in you and make you prosperous, just as he delighted in your ancestors,
10 if you obey the LORD your God and keep his commands and decrees that are written in this Book of the Law and turn to the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.

The Offer of Life or Death

11 Now what I am commanding you today is not too difficult for you or beyond your reach.
12 It is not up in heaven, so that you have to ask, “Who will ascend into heaven to get it and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?”
13 Nor is it beyond the sea, so that you have to ask, “Who will cross the sea to get it and proclaim it to us so we may obey it?”
14 No, the word is very near you; it is in your mouth and in your heart so you may obey it.
15 See, I set before you today life and prosperity, death and destruction.
16 For I command you today to love the LORD your God, to walk in obedience to him, and to keep his commands, decrees and laws; then you will live and increase, and the LORD your God will bless you in the land you are entering to possess.
17 But if your heart turns away and you are not obedient, and if you are drawn away to bow down to other gods and worship them,
18 I declare to you this day that you will certainly be destroyed. You will not live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to enter and possess.
19 This day I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses against you that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Now choose life, so that you and your children may live
20 and that you may love the LORD your God, listen to his voice, and hold fast to him. For the LORD is your life, and he will give you many years in the land he swore to give to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

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Deuteronomy 30 Commentary

Chapter 30

Mercies promised to the repentant. (1-10) The commandment manifest. (11-14) Death and life set before them. (15-20)

Verses 1-10 In this chapter is a plain intimation of the mercy God has in store for Israel in the latter days. This passage refers to the prophetic warnings of the last two chapters, which have been mainly fulfilled in the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, and in their dispersion to the present day; and there can be no doubt that the prophetic promise contained in these verses yet remain to come to pass. The Jewish nation shall in some future period, perhaps not very distant, be converted to the faith of Christ; and, many think, again settled in the land of Canaan. The language here used is in a great measure absolute promises; not merely a conditional engagement, but declaring an event assuredly to take place. For the Lord himself here engages to "circumcise their hearts;" and when regenerating grace has removed corrupt nature, and Divine love has supplanted the love of sin, they certainly will reflect, repent, return to God, and obey him; and he will rejoice in doing them good. The change that will be wrought upon them will not be only outward, or consisting in mere opinions; it will reach to their souls. It will produce in them an utter hatred of all sin, and a fervent love to God, as their reconciled God in Christ Jesus; they will love him with all their hearts, and with all their soul. They are very far from this state of mind at present, but so were the murderers of the Lord Jesus, on the day of Pentecost; who yet in one hour were converted unto God. So shall it be in the day of God's power; a nation shall be born in a day; the Lord will hasten it in his time. As a conditional promise this passage belongs to all persons and all people, not to Israel only; it assures us that the greatest sinners, if they repent and are converted, shall have their sins pardoned, and be restored to God's favour.

Verses 11-14 The law is not too high for thee. It is not only known afar off; it is not confined to men of learning. It is written in thy books, made plain, so that he who runs may read it. It is in thy mouth, in the tongue commonly used by thee, in which thou mayest hear it read, and talk of it among thy children. It is delivered so that it is level to the understanding of the meanest. This is especially true of the gospel of Christ, to which the apostle applies it. But the word is nigh us, and Christ in that word; so that if we believe with the heart, that the promises of the Messiah are fulfilled in our Lord Jesus, and confess them with our mouth, we then have Christ with us.

Verses 15-20 What could be said more moving, and more likely to make deep and lasting impressions? Every man wishes to obtain life and good, and to escape death and evil; he desires happiness, and dreads misery. So great is the compassion of the Lord, that he has favoured men, by his word, with such a knowledge of good and evil as will make them for ever happy, if it be not their own fault. Let us hear the sum of the whole matter. If they and theirs would love God, and serve him, they should live and be happy. If they or theirs should turn from God, desert his service, and worship other gods, that would certainly be their ruin. There never was, since the fall of man, more than one way to heaven; which is marked out in both Testaments, though not with equal clearness. Moses meant that same way of acceptance, which Paul more plainly described; and Paul's words mean the same obedience, on which Moses more fully treated. In both Testaments the good and right way is brought near, and plainly revealed to us.

Cross References 41

  • 1. ver 15,19; S Deuteronomy 11:26
  • 2. Leviticus 26:40-45; S Deuteronomy 4:32; Deuteronomy 28:64; Deuteronomy 29:28; 1 Kings 8:47
  • 3. S Deuteronomy 4:30; Nehemiah 1:9
  • 4. Deuteronomy 4:29; Psalms 119:2
  • 5. Psalms 14:7; Psalms 53:6; Psalms 85:1; Psalms 126:4; Jeremiah 30:18; Jeremiah 33:11; Ezekiel 16:53; Joel 3:1; Zephaniah 2:7
  • 6. Deuteronomy 13:17
  • 7. S Genesis 48:21; Psalms 147:2; Jeremiah 32:37; Ezekiel 34:13
  • 8. S Genesis 11:4; Deuteronomy 4:27
  • 9. Isaiah 11:11; Jeremiah 12:15; Jeremiah 16:15; Jeremiah 24:6; Jeremiah 29:14; Jeremiah 48:47; Jeremiah 49:6
  • 10. Psalms 19:6
  • 11. Isaiah 17:6; Isaiah 24:13; Isaiah 27:12; Isaiah 40:11; Isaiah 49:5; Isaiah 56:8; Ezekiel 20:34,41; Ezekiel 34:13
  • 12. Nehemiah 1:8-9; Isaiah 11:12; Isaiah 41:5; Isaiah 42:10; Isaiah 43:6; Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 62:11; Jeremiah 31:8,10; Jeremiah 50:2
  • 13. Jeremiah 29:14
  • 14. S Deuteronomy 7:13
  • 15. S Deuteronomy 6:24; S Deuteronomy 10:16; Jeremiah 32:39
  • 16. Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 17. S Genesis 12:3
  • 18. Deuteronomy 7:15
  • 19. Deuteronomy 28:11; Jeremiah 1:10; Jeremiah 24:6; Jeremiah 31:28; Jeremiah 32:41; Jeremiah 42:10; Jeremiah 45:4
  • 20. S Deuteronomy 28:63
  • 21. S Deuteronomy 28:61
  • 22. S Deuteronomy 4:29
  • 23. Psalms 19:8; Isaiah 45:19,23; Isaiah 63:1
  • 24. Proverbs 30:4
  • 25. Romans 10:6*
  • 26. Job 28:14
  • 27. Romans 10:7*
  • 28. S Deuteronomy 6:6; Romans 10:8*
  • 29. Proverbs 10:16; Proverbs 11:19; Proverbs 12:28; Jeremiah 21:8
  • 30. Deuteronomy 28:11; Job 36:11; Psalms 25:13; Psalms 106:5; Proverbs 3:1-2
  • 31. S Genesis 2:17
  • 32. S Deuteronomy 11:26
  • 33. Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 34. ver 19; Deuteronomy 4:1; Deuteronomy 32:47; Nehemiah 9:29
  • 35. S Deuteronomy 8:19
  • 36. Deuteronomy 4:26
  • 37. ver 1; S Deuteronomy 11:26
  • 38. Deuteronomy 6:5; Deuteronomy 10:20
  • 39. Deuteronomy 4:1; S Deuteronomy 8:3; Deuteronomy 32:47; Psalms 27:1; Proverbs 3:22; S John 5:26; John 11:25; Acts 17:28
  • 40. Genesis 12:7
  • 41. Psalms 37:3

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "will bring you back from captivity"

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains some gracious promises of the conversion of the Jews in the latter day, of their calling things to mind that have befallen them, of their repentance, and the circumcision of their hearts to love the Lord, of the return of them to their own land, and of the great increase of them, and of their enjoyment of plenty of good things, De 30:1-10; in it is an account of the Gospel, or word of faith, which at this time should be brought near to the Jews, and be received by them, De 30:11-14; and for the present Moses desires them to consider what he now set before them, and what would be the consequences of receiving or rejecting it, and so what it would be most proper for them to make choice of, De 30:15-20.

Deuteronomy 30 Commentaries

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