kon-sump'-shun (shachepheth, "wasting away"):

One of the punishments which was to follow neglect or breach of the law. It may mean pulmonary consumption, which occurs frequently in Palestine; but from its association with fever in the texts, Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:22, it is more likely to be the much more common condition of wasting and emaciation from prolonged or often recurring attacks of malarial fever.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'CONSUMPTION'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.