Cry, Crying


kri'-ing (zaaq, tsa`aq (and forms), qara', shawa`, rinnah; boao, krazo, phoneo):

Various words are translated "cry," "crying," etc., the chief of which are those above given; za'aq and tsa`aq denote especially a cry for help, from pain or distress, and are frequently used for crying to God, e.g. (za`aq, Exodus 2:23; Judges 3:9,15; Psalms 22:5; 107:13,19; Micah 3:4); (tsa`aq, Exodus 8:12; 15:25; Psalms 34:17; 77:1; Isaiah 19:20; Lamentations 2:18); qara' (a mimetic word) has the widest signification, but is often used of appealing to God (frequently translated "call," "called," etc., Genesis 39:14,15,18; 41:43; Deuteronomy 15:9; 24:15; 1 Kings 18:27; Psalms 3:4; 22:2; 27:7; Proverbs 1:21; Isaiah 34:14; Jeremiah 2:2, etc.); shawa`, "to cry aloud" (Job 29:12; 30:20,28; Psalms 18:6,41; 88:13; Jonah 2:2; Habakkuk 1:2, etc.); rinnah, "a shouting," whether for joy or grief (1 Kings 8:28; Psalms 17:1; 61:1; 88:2; 119:169; 142:6; Isaiah 43:14 the Revised Version (British and American) "rejoicing," etc.). Other Hebrew words are 'anaq, "to groan" (Ezekiel 9:4; 24:17 the King James Version; Ezekiel 26:15 the King James Version); hamah, "to make a noise" (Psalms 55:17 the King James Version); rua`, "to shout" (Judges 7:21 the King James Version; Job 30:5; Isaiah 42:13, etc.); ranan, "to cry aloud" (Psalms 84:2; Lamentations 2:19); shoa`, "crying" (Isaiah 22:5); teshu'oth, "crying," "noise" (Job 39:7 the King James Version).

In the New Testament we have boao, "to cry," "shout" (Matthew 3:3; Mark 1:3; 15:34; Galatians 4:27, etc.); krazo (mimetic, the hoarse cry of the raven), "to cry out" (Matthew 9:27; 14:30; 21:9; 27:50; Mark 5:5; Galatians 4:6; Revelation 6:10; 7:2, etc.); phoneo, "to give forth the voice," "sound" (Luke 8:8; 16:24; 23:46; Acts 16:28; Revelation 14:18 the King James Version); anaboao, "to cry out" (Matthew 27:46; Luke 9:38); aphiemi, "to let go," "to send away" (Mark 15:37 the King James Version); epiboao, "to cry about" (anything) (Acts, 25:24); epiphoneo, "to give forth the voice upon" (Luke 23:21 the King James Version); kraugazo, "to make a cry, or outcry, or clamor" (Matthew 12:19; 15:22; John 11:43; 18:40; 19:6,15; Acts 22:23); anakrazo, "to cry out" (Mark 1:23; Luke 4:33, etc.); krauge, "a crying out" (Matthew 25:6; Acts 23:9 the King James Version; Hebrews 5:7; Revelation 21:4).

For "cry" the Revised Version (British and American) has "sound" (2 Chronicles 13:12); "cry because of these things" (Job 30:24 the English Revised Version); "cry out" (Job 31:38; Isaiah 42:14); "call" (Psalms 28:1; 61:2; 141:1); "be blind" (Isaiah 29:9); "groan" (Ezekiel 26:15); "pant" (Joel 1:20); "cry aloud" (Matthew 12:19); "clamor" (Acts 23:9). Among the other changes are, "moan" for "cry aloud" (Psalms 55:17); "sound an alarm" (Hosea 5:8); "take your pleasure," margin "blind yourselves." for "cry ye out" (Isaiah 29:9):

"sigh, but not aloud" for "forbear to cry" (Ezekiel 21:17); "shoutings" for "crying" (Job 39:7); "destruction" for "crying" (Proverbs 19:18, where we have instead of "let not thy soul spare for his crying," "set not thy heart on his destruction," margin, Hebrew "causing him to die" (muth, "to put to death")); "went up" for "crying aloud" (Mark 15:8, different text); "cry" for "voice" (Luke 1:42); for "had cried" (Luke 23:46), the American Standard Revised Version has "crying."

W. L. Walker

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'CRY, CRYING'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.