Hebrew; Hebrewess


he'-broo, he'-broo-es (`ibhri, feminine `ibhriyah; Hebraios):

The earliest name for Abraham (Genesis 14:13) and his descendants (Joseph, Genesis 39:14,17; 40:15; 41:12; 43:32; Israelites in Egypt, Exodus 1:15; 2:6,11,13; 3:18; in laws, Exodus 21:2; Deuteronomy 15:12; in history, 1 Samuel 4:6,9; 13:7,19, etc.; later, Jeremiah 34:9, "Hebrewess," 34:14; Jonah 1:9; in the New Testament, Acts 6:1; 2 Corinthians 11:22; Philippians 3:5). The etymology of the word is disputed. It may be derived from Eber (Genesis 10:21,24,25, etc.), or, as some think, from the verb `abhar, "to cross over" (people from across the Euphrates; compare Joshua 24:2). A connection is sought by some with the apri or epri of the Egyptian monuments, and again with the Habiri of the Tell el-Amarna Letters. In Acts 6:1, the "Hebrews" are contrasted with "Hellenists," or Greek-speaking Jews. By the "Hebrew" tongue in the New Testament (Hebraisti, John 5:2; 19:13,17,20; 20:16) is meant ARAMAIC (which see), but also in Revelation 9:11; 16:16, Hebrew proper.

James Orr

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'HEBREW; HEBREWESS'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.