sa'-traps, sat'-raps ('achashdarpenim, Ezra 8:36; Esther 3:12; 8:9; 9:3, the King James Version "lieutenants"; Daniel 3:2,3,27; 6:1, the King James Version "princes"):

The viceroys or vassal rulers to whom was entrusted the government of the provinces in the Persian empire. The word answers to the Old Persian khshathrapavan, "protectors of the realm."

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'SATRAPS'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.