Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus
Who he was is not easy to say; almost all the kings of Persia are so named by one or another writer. He cannot be the Ahasuerus in ( Daniel 9:1 ) , he was Astyages, the father of Cyaxares or Darius the Mede; but this must be one who had his royal palace in Shushan, which was never the royal city of the Medes, but of the Persians only; nor does he seem to be the Ahasuerus in ( Ezra 4:6 ) , who is thought to be Cambyses, the son and successor of Cyrus; since, according to the canon of Ptolemy, he reigned but eight years, whereas this Ahasuerus at least reigned twelve, ( Esther 3:7 ) , though indeed some account for it by his reigning in his father's lifetime; besides, Cambyses was always an enemy to the Jews, as this was not; and yet this way go many of the Jewish writers
this is Ahasuerus, which reigned from India even unto Ethiopia;
properly so called; the Ethiopians had been subdued by Cambyses the son and successor of Cyrus F1, and the Indians by Darius Hystaspis the father of Xerxes F2; and both, with other great nations, were retained in subjection to him F3; and many of both, as well as of other nations, were with him in his expedition into Greece F4:
over an hundred and twenty and seven provinces;
there were now seven provinces more under his jurisdiction than were in the times of Darius the Mede, ( Daniel 6:1 ) .
F14 Targum & Jarchi in loc. Seder Olam Rabba, c. 29. Zuta, p. 108.
F15 Pharus Vet. Test. l. 11. c. 12. p. 305.
F16 Annal. Vet. Test. p. 160. so Broughton, Works, p. 38, 259, 581.
F17 Midrash Esther, fol. 86. 2.
F18 Connection par. 1. B. 4. p. 252, &c.
F19 Antiqu. l. 11. c. 6. sect. 1. and so Suidas in voce (esyhr) .
F20 Chronolog. Sacr. p. 294.
F21 Hypotypos. Hist. Sacr. p. 110.
F23 Schichart. de Festo Purim. Rainold. Praelect. 144. p. 231. Alsted. Chronolog. p. 126, 181.
F24 In Abulpharag. Hist. Dynast. p. 87.
F25 Ut supra. (Broughton, Works, p. 38, 259, 581.)
F26 Vid. Hiller. Arcan. Keri & Ketib, p. 87. & Onomastic. Sacr. p. 639.
F1 Herodot. Thalia, sive, l. 3. c. 97.
F2 lb. Melpomene, sive, l. 4. c. 44.
F3 lb. Polymnia, sive, l. 7. c. 9.
F4 lb. c. 65, 69, 70.