1 Chronicles 16

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The Ark Placed in a Tent

1 And they brought in the ark of God and set it inside 1the tent that David had pitched for it, and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before God.
2 And when David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD
3 and distributed to all Israel, both men and women, to each a loaf of bread, a portion of meat,[a] and a cake of raisins.
4 Then he appointed some of the Levites as ministers before the ark of the LORD, to invoke, to thank, and to praise the LORD, the God of Israel.
5 2Asaph was the chief, and second to him were Zechariah, Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-edom, and Jeiel, who were to play harps and lyres; Asaph was to sound the cymbals,
6 and Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests were to blow trumpets regularly before the ark of the covenant of God.
7 Then on that day 3David first appointed that thanksgiving be sung to the LORD by Asaph and his brothers.

David's Song of Thanks

8 4Oh give thanks to the LORD; 5call upon his name; 6make known his deeds among the peoples!
9 Sing to him; sing praises to him; tell of all his wondrous works!
10 Glory in his holy name; let the hearts of those who seek the LORD rejoice!
11 7Seek the LORD and his strength; seek his presence continually!
12 8Remember the wondrous works that he has done, 9his miracles and the judgments he uttered,
13 O offspring of Israel his servant, sons of Jacob, his chosen ones!
14 He is the LORD our God; 10his judgments are in all the earth.
15 Remember his covenant forever, the word that he commanded, for a thousand generations,
16 the covenant 11that he made with Abraham, his sworn promise to Isaac,
17 which 12he confirmed as a statute to Jacob, as an everlasting covenant to Israel,
18 saying, 13"To you I will give the land of Canaan, as your portion for an inheritance."
19 When you were 14few in number, and of little account, and 15sojourners in it,
20 wandering from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another people,
21 he allowed no one to oppress them; he 16rebuked kings on their account,
22 saying, "Touch not my anointed ones, do my 17prophets no harm!"
23 18Sing to the LORD, all the earth! Tell of his salvation from day to day.
24 Declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous works among all the peoples!
25 For 19great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised, and he is to be held in awe 20above all gods.
26 For all the gods of the peoples are idols, 21but the LORD made the heavens.
27 Splendor and majesty are before him; strength and joy are in his place.
28 Ascribe to the LORD, O clans of the peoples, 22ascribe to the LORD glory and strength!
29 Ascribe to the LORD the glory due his name; bring an offering and come before him! 23Worship the LORD in the splendor of holiness;[b]
30 tremble before him, all the earth; yes, the world is established; it shall never be moved.
31 24Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice, and let them say among the nations, 25"The LORD reigns!"
32 26Let the sea roar, and all that fills it; let the field exult, and everything in it!
33 Then shall the trees of the forest sing for joy before the LORD, for he comes to judge the earth.
34 Oh give thanks to the LORD, for he is good; for his steadfast love endures forever!
35 27Say also: "Save us, O God of our salvation, and gather and deliver us from among the nations, that we may give thanks to your holy name, and glory in your praise.
36 28Blessed be the LORD, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting!"29Then all the people said, "Amen!" and praised the LORD.

Worship Before the Ark

37 So David left Asaph and his brothers there 30before the ark of the covenant of the LORD to minister regularly before the ark 31as each day required,
38 and also 32Obed-edom and his[c] sixty-eight brothers, while 33Obed-edom, the son of Jeduthun, and 34Hosah were to be gatekeepers.
39 And he left 35Zadok the priest and his brothers the priests before the tabernacle of the LORD 36in the high place that was at Gibeon
40 to offer burnt offerings to the LORD 37on the altar of burnt offering 38regularly morning and evening, to do all that is written in the Law of the LORD that he commanded Israel.
41 With them were 39Heman and Jeduthun 40and the rest of those chosen and 41expressly named to give thanks to the LORD, 42for his steadfast love endures forever.
42 Heman and Jeduthun had trumpets and cymbals for the music and instruments 43for sacred song. The sons of Jeduthun were appointed to the gate.
43 44Then all the people departed each to his house, and David went home to bless his household.

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1 Chronicles 16 Commentary

Chapter 16

The solemnity with which the ark was fixed. (1-6) David's psalm of praise. (7-36) Setting in order the worship of God. (37-43)

Verses 1-6 Though God's word and ordinances may be clouded and eclipsed for a time, they shall shine out of obscurity. This was but a tent, a humble dwelling, yet this was the tabernacle which David, in his psalms, often speaks of with so much affection. David showed himself generous to his subjects, as he had found God gracious to him. Those whose hearts are enlarged with holy joy, should show it by being open-handed.

Verses 7-36 Let God be glorified in our praises. Let others be edified and taught, that strangers to him may be led to adore him. Let us ourselves triumph and trust in God. Those that give glory to God's name are allowed to glory in it. Let the everlasting covenant be the great matter of our joy his people of old, be remembered by us with thankfulness to him. Show forth from day to day his salvation, his promised salvation by Christ. We have reason to celebrate that from day to day; for we daily receive the benefit, and it is a subject that can never be exhausted. In the midst of praises, we must not forget to pray for the servants of God in distress.

Verses 37-43 The worship of God ought to be the work of every day. David put it into order. At Jerusalem, where the ark was, Asaph and his brethren were to minister before the ark continually, with songs of praise. No sacrifices were offered there, nor incense burnt, because the altars were not there; but David's prayers were directed as incense, and the lifting up of his hands as the evening sacrifice. So early did spiritual worship take place of ceremonial. Yet the ceremonial worship, being of Divine institution, must by no means be omitted; therefore at Gibeon, at the altars, the priests attended; for their work was to sacrifice and burn incense; and that they did continually, morning and evening, according to the law of Moses. As the ceremonies were types of the mediation of Christ, the observance of them was of great consequence. The attendance of his appointed ministers is right in itself, and encourages the people.

Cross References 44

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 15:1
  • 2. 1 Chronicles 6:39
  • 3. [2 Samuel 22:1; 2 Samuel 23:1]
  • 4. For ver. 8-22, see Psalms 105:1-15
  • 5. Isaiah 12:4
  • 6. [Psalms 145:11, 12]
  • 7. Psalms 24:6; Psalms 27:8
  • 8. [Psalms 77:11; Psalms 143:5]
  • 9. Psalms 78:43
  • 10. Isaiah 26:9
  • 11. Genesis 17:2; Genesis 22:16; Genesis 26:3; Genesis 28:13; [Luke 1:73]
  • 12. Genesis 35:11, 12
  • 13. Genesis 13:15; Genesis 15:18-21
  • 14. Deuteronomy 7:7; Deuteronomy 26:5
  • 15. Hebrews 11:9
  • 16. [Genesis 12:17; Genesis 20:3]
  • 17. [Genesis 20:7]
  • 18. For ver. 23-33, see Psalms 96:1-13
  • 19. Psalms 145:3
  • 20. [Psalms 95:3]
  • 21. [Psalms 115:15; Isaiah 42:5; Isaiah 44:24; Jeremiah 10:11, 12]
  • 22. [Psalms 29:1]
  • 23. [Psalms 110:3]
  • 24. [Isaiah 49:13]
  • 25. Psalms 93:1; Psalms 97:1; Psalms 99:1; [Isaiah 52:7; Revelation 11:15, 17; Revelation 19:6]
  • 26. Psalms 98:7
  • 27. For ver. 35, 36, see Psalms 106:47, 48
  • 28. Psalms 41:13; [1 Kings 8:15]
  • 29. [Deuteronomy 27:15; Psalms 106:48]
  • 30. ver. 4, 5
  • 31. 2 Chronicles 31:16
  • 32. 1 Chronicles 26:4
  • 33. 1 Chronicles 26:4
  • 34. 1 Chronicles 26:10, 16
  • 35. 1 Chronicles 15:11
  • 36. See 1 Kings 3:4
  • 37. Exodus 27:1
  • 38. See Exodus 29:38-41; Numbers 28:3-8
  • 39. See 1 Chronicles 6:33
  • 40. [1 Chronicles 25:1, 3, 6]
  • 41. Numbers 1:17
  • 42. 2 Chronicles 5:13; 2 Chronicles 7:3, 6; 2 Chronicles 20:21; Ezra 3:11; Jeremiah 33:11; See ver. 34
  • 43. [1 Chronicles 25:7; 2 Chronicles 29:27]
  • 44. 2 Samuel 6:19, 20

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Compare Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  • [b]. Or in holy attire
  • [c]. Hebrew their

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates that David offered sacrifices when the ark was brought into his city, 1Ch 16:1-3 who were the singers he appointed to sing before it continually, 1Ch 16:4-6 and the song he that day composed and delivered to them to sing, 1Ch 16:7-36 and that he appointed not only proper persons to minister before the ark, but also before the tabernacle at Gibeon, 1Ch 16:37-43.

in these three verses is the same with 2Sa 6:17-19, see the notes there. \\See Gill on "2Sa 6:17"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 6:18"\\. \\See Gill on "2Sa 6:19"\\. 18780-950101-1710-1Ch16.2

1 Chronicles 16 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.