1 Chronicles 2

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A Genealogy of David

1 These are the sons of 1Israel: 2Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, 3Issachar, Zebulun,
2 4Dan, 5Joseph, 6Benjamin, 7Naphtali, 8Gad, and Asher.
3 9The sons of Judah: 10Er, Onan and Shelah; these three Bath-shua the Canaanite bore to him. Now Er, Judah's firstborn, was evil in the sight of the LORD, and he put him to death.
4 His daughter-in-law 11Tamar also bore him Perez and Zerah. Judah had five sons in all.
5 The 12sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul.
6 The sons of Zerah: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara, five in all.
7 The son[a] of Carmi: Achan, the troubler of Israel, who 13broke faith in the matter of the devoted thing;
8 and Ethan's son was Azariah.
9 The sons of Hezron that were born to him: Jerahmeel, 14Ram, and 15Chelubai.
10 16Ram fathered Amminadab, and 17Amminadab fathered 18Nahshon, prince of the sons of Judah.
11 Nahshon fathered 19Salmon,[b] Salmon fathered 20Boaz,
12 Boaz fathered Obed, 21Obed fathered Jesse.
13 22Jesse fathered Eliab his firstborn, Abinadab the second, 23Shimea the third,
14 Nethanel the fourth, Raddai the fifth,
15 Ozem the sixth, 24David the seventh.
16 And their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. 25The sons of Zeruiah: Abishai, Joab, and Asahel, three.
17 26Abigail bore Amasa, and the father of Amasa was 27Jether the Ishmaelite.
18 28Caleb the son of Hezron fathered children by his wife Azubah, and by Jerioth; and these were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.
19 When Azubah died, 29Caleb married 30Ephrath, who bore him 31Hur.
20 Hur fathered Uri, and Uri fathered 32Bezalel.
21 Afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of 33Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was sixty years old, and she bore him Segub.
22 And Segub fathered Jair, who had twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead.
23 34But Geshur and Aram took from them Havvoth-jair, Kenath, and its villages, sixty towns. All these were descendants of Machir, the father of Gilead.
24 After the death of Hezron, 35Caleb went in to Ephrathah,[c] the wife of Hezron his father, and she bore him 36Ashhur, the father of Tekoa.
25 The sons of 37Jerahmeel, the firstborn of Hezron: Ram, his firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah.
26 Jerahmeel also had another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.
27 The sons of Ram, the firstborn of Jerahmeel: Maaz, Jamin, and Eker.
28 The sons of Onam: Shammai and Jada. The sons of Shammai: Nadab and Abishur.
29 The name of Abishur's wife was Abihail, and she bore him Ahban and Molid.
30 The sons of Nadab: Seled and Appaim; and Seled died childless.
31 The son[d] of Appaim: Ishi. 38The son of Ishi: Sheshan. The son of Sheshan: Ahlai.
32 The sons of Jada, Shammai's brother: Jether and Jonathan; and Jether died childless.
33 The sons of Jonathan: Peleth and Zaza. These were the descendants of Jerahmeel.
34 Now Sheshan had no sons, only daughters, but Sheshan had an Egyptian slave whose name was Jarha.
35 So Sheshan gave his daughter in marriage to Jarha his slave, and she bore him Attai.
36 Attai fathered Nathan, and Nathan fathered 39Zabad.
37 40Zabad fathered Ephlal, and Ephlal fathered 41Obed.
38 Obed fathered Jehu, and Jehu fathered Azariah.
39 Azariah fathered Helez, and Helez fathered Eleasah.
40 Eleasah fathered Sismai, and Sismai fathered Shallum.
41 Shallum fathered Jekamiah, and Jekamiah fathered 42Elishama.
42 The sons of 43Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel: Mareshah[e] his firstborn, who fathered Ziph. The son[f] of Mareshah: 44Hebron.[g]
43 The sons of Hebron: Korah, Tappuah, Rekem and Shema.
44 Shema fathered Raham, the father of Jorkeam; and Rekem fathered Shammai.
45 The son of Shammai: Maon; and Maon fathered Beth-zur.
46 Ephah also, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran fathered Gazez.
47 The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph.
48 Maacah, Caleb's concubine, bore Sheber and Tirhanah.
49 She also bore Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah and the father of Gibea; and the 45daughter of Caleb was Achsah.
50 These were the descendants of Caleb. The sons[h] of Hur the firstborn of 46Ephrathah: Shobal the father of Kiriath-jearim,
51 47Salma, the father of Bethlehem, and Hareph the father of Beth-gader.
52 Shobal the father of Kiriath-jearim had other sons: 48Haroeh, half of the Menuhoth.
53 And the clans of Kiriath-jearim: the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; from these came the 49Zorathites and the Eshtaolites.
54 The sons of Salma: Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Atroth-beth-joab and half of the Manahathites, the Zorites.
55 The clans also of the scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites and the Sucathites. These are the 50Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of 51the house of Rechab.

1 Chronicles 2 Commentary

Chapter 2


- We are now come to the register of the children of Israel, that distinguished people, who were to dwell alone, and not be reckoned among the nations. But now, in Christ, all are welcome to his salvation who come to him; all have equal privileges according to their faith in him, their love and devotedness to him. All that is truly valuable consists in the favour, peace, and image of God, and a life spent to his glory, in promoting the welfare of our fellow-creatures.

Cross References 51

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 1:34
  • 2. Genesis 29:32-35
  • 3. Genesis 30:18-20
  • 4. Genesis 30:6
  • 5. Genesis 30:22-24
  • 6. Genesis 35:18
  • 7. Genesis 30:8
  • 8. Genesis 30:10-13
  • 9. Genesis 38:2-5; Genesis 46:12
  • 10. Genesis 38:7
  • 11. Gen. 38:11, 14, 29, 30; Ruth 4:12; Matthew 1:3
  • 12. Genesis 46:12; Ruth 4:18
  • 13. Joshua 6:18; Joshua 7:1
  • 14. Ruth 4:19; Matthew 1:3, 4
  • 15. [ver. 13, 42]
  • 16. [See ver. 9 above]
  • 17. Ruth 4:19; Matthew 1:4
  • 18. Numbers 1:7; Numbers 2:3
  • 19. [Ruth 4:20, 21; Matthew 1:4]
  • 20. Ruth 4:21, 22; Matthew 1:5, 6
  • 21. [See ver. 11 above]
  • 22. 1 Samuel 16:6, 8; 1 Samuel 17:13
  • 23. [1 Samuel 16:9; 1 Samuel 17:13]
  • 24. [1 Samuel 16:10; 1 Samuel 17:12, 14]
  • 25. 2 Samuel 2:18
  • 26. [2 Samuel 17:25]
  • 27. [2 Samuel 17:25]
  • 28. [ver. 9]
  • 29. [See ver. 18 above]
  • 30. [ver. 50]
  • 31. Exodus 17:10, 12; Exodus 24:14
  • 32. Exodus 31:2
  • 33. Numbers 27:1
  • 34. [Numbers 32:41, 42; Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 13:30]
  • 35. ver. 19, 50
  • 36. 1 Chronicles 4:5
  • 37. ver. 9
  • 38. [ver. 34, 35]
  • 39. 1 Chronicles 11:41
  • 40. [See ver. 36 above]
  • 41. [2 Chronicles 23:1]
  • 42. 2 Kings 25:25
  • 43. ver. 9
  • 44. See Joshua 14:13
  • 45. [Joshua 15:17; Judges 1:13]
  • 46. 1 Chronicles 4:4; [ver. 19]
  • 47. [1 Chronicles 4:4]
  • 48. [1 Chronicles 4:2]
  • 49. 1 Chronicles 4:2
  • 50. Judges 1:16
  • 51. 2 Kings 10:15; Jeremiah 35:2

Footnotes 8

  • [a]. Hebrew sons
  • [b]. Septuagint (compare Ruth 4:21); Hebrew Salma
  • [c]. Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew in Caleb Ephrathah
  • [d]. Hebrew sons; three times in this verse
  • [e]. Septuagint; Hebrew Mesha
  • [f]. Hebrew sons
  • [g]. Hebrew the father of Hebron
  • [h]. Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew son

Chapter Summary


This chapter begins with the twelve sons of Israel or Jacob, 1Ch 2:1,2, then reckons the sons of Judah, the fourth son of Jacob, 1Ch 2:3,4, then the posterity of Pharez and Zerah, sons of Judah, 1Ch 2:5-8, next the sons of Hezron, a son of Pharez, 1Ch 2:9, particularly the posterity of Ram, a son of Hezron, from whom sprung Jesse and his family, 1Ch 2:10-17, then of Caleb: another son of Hezron, 1Ch 2:18-24, and next of Jerahmeel, the firstborn of Hezron, 1Ch 1:25-33 and particularly the posterity of Sheshan, a descendant of his, 1Ch 1:34-41 and then other sons of Caleb, with their posterity, are reckoned, 1Ch 1:42-54 and the chapter is closed with the families of the Scribes in Jabesh, the same with the Kenites, 1Ch 2:55.

son of Isaac, who had the name of Israel given him, because of his power with God, Ge 32:28, whose twelve sons are here mentioned by name; the first four according to their birth of Leah, Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah; then the two sons of Zilpah, Leah's handmaid, Issachar and Zebulun; and between Dan and Naphtali, the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's handmaid, are placed Joseph and Benjamin, the sons of Rachel. 18266-941228-1518-1Ch2.2

1 Chronicles 2 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.