1 Chronicles 5

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Descendants of Reuben

1 The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel (1for he was the firstborn, but because 2he defiled his father's couch, 3his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph the son of Israel, so that he could not be enrolled as the oldest son;
2 4though Judah became strong among his brothers and a 5chief came from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph),
3 the 6sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
4 The sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,
5 Micah his son, Reaiah his son, Baal his son,
6 Beerah his son, whom 7Tiglath-pileser[a] king of Assyria carried away into exile; he was a chief of the Reubenites.
7 And his kinsmen by their clans, 8when the genealogy of their generations was recorded: the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,
8 and Bela the son of Azaz, son of 9Shema, son of Joel, who lived in 10Aroer, as far as 11Nebo and 12Baal-meon.
9 He also lived to the east as far as the entrance of the desert this side of the Euphrates, because their livestock had multiplied 13in the land of Gilead.
10 And in the days of Saul they waged war against the 14Hagrites, who fell into their hand. And they lived in their tents throughout all the region east of Gilead.

Descendants of Gad

11 The sons of Gad lived over against them in the land of Bashan as far as 15Salecah:
12 Joel the chief, Shapham the second, Janai, and Shaphat in Bashan.
13 And their kinsmen according to their fathers' houses: Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia and Eber, seven.
14 These were the sons of Abihail the son of Huri, son of Jaroah, son of Gilead, son of Michael, son of Jeshishai, son of Jahdo, son of Buz.
15 Ahi the son of Abdiel, son of Guni, was chief in their fathers' houses,
16 and they lived in Gilead, in Bashan and in its towns, and in all the pasturelands of 16Sharon to their limits.
17 All of these were recorded in genealogies in the days of 17Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of 18Jeroboam king of Israel.
18 The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh had valiant men who carried shield and sword, and drew the bow, 19expert in war, 44,760, able to go to war.
19 They waged war against the 20Hagrites, 21Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab.
20 And when they prevailed over them, the Hagrites and all who were with them were given into their hands, 22for they cried out to God in the battle, and he granted their urgent plea 23because they trusted in him.
21 They carried off their livestock: 50,000 of their camels, 250,000 sheep, 2,000 donkeys, and 100,000 men alive.
22 For many fell, because the war was of God. And they lived 24in their place until 25the exile.

The Half-Tribe of Manasseh

23 The members of the half-tribe of Manasseh lived in the land. They were very numerous from Bashan to Baal-hermon, 26Senir, and Mount Hermon.
24 These were the heads of their fathers' houses: Epher,[b] Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty warriors, famous men, heads of their fathers' houses.
25 But they broke faith with the God of their fathers, and 27whored 28after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them.
26 So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of 29Pul king of Assyria, the spirit of 30Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and he took them into exile, namely, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them 31to Halah, 32Habor, Hara, and 33the river Gozan, to this day.

1 Chronicles 5 Commentary

Chapter 5


- This chapter gives some account of the two tribes and a half seated on the east side of Jordan. They were made captives by the king of Assyria, because they had forsaken the Lord. Only two things are here recorded concerning these tribes. 1. They all shared in a victory. Happy is that people who live in harmony together, who assist each other against the common enemies of their souls, trusting in the Lord, and calling upon him. 2. They shared in captivity. They would have the best land, not considering that it lay most exposed. The desire of earthly objects draws to a distance from God's ordinances, and prepares men for destruction.

Cross References 33

  • 1. Genesis 29:32; Genesis 49:3
  • 2. Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:4
  • 3. See Genesis 48:15-22
  • 4. See Genesis 49:8-10
  • 5. Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:6
  • 6. Genesis 46:9; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 26:5, 6
  • 7. 2 Chronicles 28:20
  • 8. ver. 17
  • 9. [ver. 4]
  • 10. Deuteronomy 2:36; Joshua 13:16
  • 11. Numbers 32:3
  • 12. Numbers 32:38
  • 13. Joshua 22:9
  • 14. ver. 19, 20; 1 Chronicles 11:38; 1 Chronicles 27:30
  • 15. Joshua 12:5; Joshua 13:11
  • 16. 1 Chronicles 27:29
  • 17. 2 Kings 15:5, 32
  • 18. 2 Kings 14:16, 28
  • 19. Numbers 1:3
  • 20. See ver. 10
  • 21. 1 Chronicles 1:31; [Genesis 25:15]
  • 22. [2 Chronicles 14:11; 2 Chronicles 18:31]
  • 23. Psalms 22:4, 5
  • 24. 1 Chronicles 4:41
  • 25. ver. 6; 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 17:6
  • 26. Deuteronomy 3:9; Ezekiel 27:5
  • 27. See Exodus 34:15
  • 28. 2 Kings 17:7
  • 29. 2 Kings 15:19
  • 30. See ver. 6
  • 31. 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:11
  • 32. 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:11
  • 33. 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:11

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Hebrew Tilgath-pilneser; also verse 26
  • [b]. Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew and Epher

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates the genealogy of the tribes that lived on the other side Jordan; of the Reubenites, 1Ch 5:1-10, of the Gadites, 1Ch 5:11-17 of the half tribe of Manasseh, 1Ch 5:23,24 and of their war with the Hagarites, in conjunction with each other, and their conquest of them, 1Ch 5:18-22 and who for their sins were all carried captive by the king of Assyria, 1Ch 5:25,26.

1 Chronicles 5 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.