1 Chronicles 6

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Descendants of Levi

1 [a]1The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
2 2The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.
3 3The children of Amram: Aaron, Moses, and Miriam. 4The sons of Aaron: Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
4 Eleazar fathered 5Phinehas, Phinehas fathered Abishua,
5 Abishua fathered Bukki, Bukki fathered Uzzi,
6 Uzzi fathered Zerahiah, Zerahiah fathered 6Meraioth,
7 Meraioth fathered Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub,
8 7Ahitub fathered 8Zadok, Zadok fathered Ahimaaz,
9 Ahimaaz fathered Azariah, Azariah fathered Johanan,
10 and Johanan fathered Azariah (9it was he who served as priest 10in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem).
11 11Azariah fathered 12Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub,
12 Ahitub fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered 13Shallum,
13 Shallum fathered 14Hilkiah, Hilkiah fathered Azariah,
14 Azariah fathered 15Seraiah, Seraiah fathered Jehozadak;
15 and 16Jehozadak went into exile when the LORD sent Judah and Jerusalem into exile 17by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.
16 [b] The 18sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.
17 And these are the names of the sons of Gershom: 19Libni and Shimei.
18 20The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel.
19 21The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the clans of the Levites according to their fathers.
20 22Of Gershom: Libni his son, 23Jahath his son, Zimmah his son,
21 Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeatherai his son.
22 24The sons of Kohath: Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son,
23 Elkanah his son, Ebiasaph his son, Assir his son,
24 Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, and Shaul his son.
25 The sons of Elkanah: Amasai and Ahimoth,
26 Elkanah his son, Zophai his son, Nahath his son,
27 Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son.
28 The sons of Samuel: Joel[c] his firstborn, the second Abijah.[d]
29 25The sons of Merari: Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzzah his son,
30 Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, and Asaiah his son.
31 These are the men 26whom David put in charge of the service of song in the house of the LORD 27after the ark rested there.
32 They ministered with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting until Solomon built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem, and they performed their service according to their order.
33 These are the men who served and their sons. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman the singer the son of Joel, son of 28Samuel,
34 son of Elkanah, son of Jeroham, son of Eliel, son of Toah,
35 son of Zuph, son of Elkanah, son of Mahath, son of Amasai,
36 son of Elkanah, son of Joel, son of Azariah, son of Zephaniah,
37 son of Tahath, son of Assir, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah,
38 son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, son of Israel;
39 and his brother 29Asaph, who stood on his right hand, namely, Asaph the son of Berechiah, son of Shimea,
40 son of Michael, son of Baaseiah, son of Malchijah,
41 son of Ethni, son of Zerah, son of Adaiah,
42 son of Ethan, son of Zimmah, son of Shimei,
43 son of Jahath, son of Gershom, son of Levi.
44 On the left hand were their brothers, the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, son of Abdi, son of Malluch,
45 son of Hashabiah, son of Amaziah, son of Hilkiah,
46 son of Amzi, son of Bani, son of Shemer,
47 son of Mahli, son of Mushi, son of Merari, son of Levi.
48 And their brothers the Levites were appointed for all the service of the tabernacle of the house of God.
49 But Aaron and his sons made offerings 30on the altar of burnt offering and on 31the altar of incense for all the work of the Most Holy Place, and 32to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.
50 33These are the sons of Aaron: Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son,
51 Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son,
52 Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son,
53 Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.
54 These are their dwelling places according to their 34settlements within their borders: to the sons of Aaron of the 35clans of Kohathites, for theirs was the first lot,
55 to them they gave Hebron in the land of Judah and its surrounding pasturelands,
56 36but the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh.
57 37To the sons of Aaron they gave the cities of refuge: Hebron, Libnah with its pasturelands, Jattir, Eshtemoa with its pasturelands,
58 Hilen with its pasturelands, Debir with its pasturelands,
59 Ashan with its pasturelands, and Beth-shemesh with its pasturelands;
60 and from the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon,[e] Geba with its pasturelands, Alemeth with its pasturelands, and Anathoth with its pasturelands. All their cities throughout their clans were thirteen.
61 38To the rest of the Kohathites were given by lot out of the clan of the tribe, out of the half-tribe, the half of Manasseh, ten cities.
62 To the Gershomites according to their clans were allotted thirteen cities out of the tribes of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali and Manasseh in Bashan.
63 39To the Merarites according to their clans were allotted twelve cities out of the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and Zebulun.
64 40So the people of Israel gave the Levites the cities with their pasturelands.
65 They gave by lot out of the tribes of Judah, Simeon, and Benjamin 41these cities that are mentioned by name.
66 42And some of the clans of the sons of Kohath had cities of their territory out of the tribe of Ephraim.
67 They were given the cities of refuge: Shechem with its pasturelands in the hill country of Ephraim, Gezer with its pasturelands,
68 43Jokmeam with its pasturelands, Beth-horon with its pasturelands,
69 Aijalon with its pasturelands, Gath-rimmon with its pasturelands,
70 and out of the half-tribe of Manasseh, Aner with its pasturelands, and Bileam with its pasturelands, for the rest of the clans of the Kohathites.
71 44To the Gershomites were given out of the clan of the half-tribe of Manasseh: Golan in Bashan with its pasturelands and 45Ashtaroth with its pasturelands;
72 and out of the tribe of Issachar: Kedesh with its pasturelands, Daberath with its pasturelands,
73 Ramoth with its pasturelands, and Anem with its pasturelands;
74 out of the tribe of Asher: Mashal with its pasturelands, Abdon with its pasturelands,
75 Hukok with its pasturelands, and Rehob with its pasturelands;
76 and out of the tribe of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee with its pasturelands, Hammon with its pasturelands, and Kiriathaim with its pasturelands.
77 46To the rest of the Merarites were allotted out of the tribe of Zebulun: 47Rimmono with its pasturelands, 48Tabor with its pasturelands,
78 and 49beyond the Jordan at Jericho, on the east side of the Jordan, out of the tribe of Reuben: Bezer in the wilderness with its pasturelands, Jahzah with its pasturelands,
79 Kedemoth with its pasturelands, and Mephaath with its pasturelands;
80 and out of the tribe of Gad: 50Ramoth in Gilead with its pasturelands, 51Mahanaim with its pasturelands,
81 52Heshbon with its pasturelands, and 53Jazer with its pasturelands.

1 Chronicles 6 Commentary

Chapter 6


- We have an account of Levi in this chapter. The priests and Levites were more concerned than any other Israelites, to preserve their descent clear, and to be able to prove it; because all the honours and privileges of their office depended upon their descent. Now, the Spirit of God calls ministers to their work, without any limit as to the families they came from; and then, as now, though believers and ministers may be very useful to the church, none but our great High Priest can make atonement for sin, nor can any be accepted but through his atonement.

Cross References 53

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 23:6; Genesis 46:11; Exodus 6:16; Numbers 26:57
  • 2. Exodus 6:18; [ver. 22]
  • 3. Exodus 6:20; Exodus 15:20
  • 4. Leviticus 10:1, 12
  • 5. See Exodus 6:25
  • 6. [1 Chronicles 9:11; Nehemiah 11:11]
  • 7. 2 Samuel 8:17
  • 8. 2 Samuel 15:27
  • 9. 2 Chronicles 26:17, 18
  • 10. See 1 Kings 6; 2 Chronicles 3
  • 11. [See ver. 4 above]
  • 12. 2 Chronicles 19:11; Ezra 7:3
  • 13. [Nehemiah 11:11]
  • 14. 2 Kings 22:4; Ezra 7:1
  • 15. 2 Kings 25:18
  • 16. [Ezra 3:2]
  • 17. See 2 Kings 25:8-21
  • 18. For ver. 16-19, see Exodus 6:16-19
  • 19. [1 Chronicles 23:7]
  • 20. 1 Chronicles 23:12
  • 21. 1 Chronicles 23:21; [ver. 44, 47]
  • 22. For ver. 20, 21, see ver. 41-43
  • 23. ver. 43
  • 24. For ver. 22-28, see ver. 33-38
  • 25. [ver. 19, 44-47]
  • 26. See 1 Chronicles 16:4-6
  • 27. See 1 Chronicles 15:25 - 16:1; 2 Samuel 6:12-17
  • 28. [ver. 28]
  • 29. 1 Chronicles 15:17, 19; 2 Chronicles 5:12; Ezra 2:41; Nehemiah 7:44
  • 30. Leviticus 1:7, 9
  • 31. Exodus 30:7
  • 32. Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 4:20
  • 33. For ver. 50-53, see ver. 4-8
  • 34. Genesis 25:16; Numbers 31:10
  • 35. Joshua 21:4, 10
  • 36. [Joshua 14:13; Joshua 15:13]
  • 37. For ver. 57-60, see Joshua 21:13-19
  • 38. [ver. 66-70; Joshua 21:5]
  • 39. Joshua 21:7
  • 40. Joshua 21:3
  • 41. See ver. 57-60
  • 42. For ver. 66-70, see Joshua 21:20-26
  • 43. Joshua 12:22; 1 Kings 4:12
  • 44. For ver. 71-76, see Joshua 21:27-33
  • 45. Joshua 9:10
  • 46. For ver. 77-81, see Joshua 21:34-39
  • 47. [Joshua 19:12, 13]
  • 48. [Joshua 19:12, 13]
  • 49. Joshua 13:32
  • 50. 1 Kings 22:3, 4; 2 Kings 9:1, 14
  • 51. See Genesis 32:2
  • 52. Joshua 13:17; Joshua 21:39
  • 53. Numbers 21:32; Joshua 21:39

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. Ch 5:27 in Hebrew
  • [b]. Ch 6:1 in Hebrew
  • [c]. Septuagint, Syriac (compare verse 33 and 1 Samuel 8:2); Hebrew lacks Joel
  • [d]. Hebrew and Abijah
  • [e]. Septuagint, Syriac (compare Joshua 21:17); Hebrew lacks Gibeon

Chapter Summary


This chapter begins with the fathers and heads of the tribe of Levi, 1Ch 6:1-3, and reckons up the high priests in the line of Eleazar, to the Babylonish captivity, 1Ch 6:4-15 gives an account of the families of the sons of Levi, 1Ch 6:16-30 and of those Levites that were employed as singers, and in other ministrations in the sanctuary in the times of David and Solomon, 1Ch 6:31-49, then follows a repetition of the sons of Aaron in the line of Eleazar, to the said times, 1Ch 6:50-53, and a recital of the dwelling places of the Levites in the several tribes, 1Ch 6:54-81.

1 Chronicles 6 Commentaries

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