1 Corinthians 8

Listen to 1 Corinthians 8

Food Offered to Idols

1 Now concerning[a]1food offered to idols: we know that 2"all of us possess knowledge." This "knowledge"3puffs up, 4but love builds up.
2 5If anyone imagines that he knows something, 6he does not yet know as he ought to know.
3 But if anyone loves God, 7he is known by God.[b]
4 Therefore, as to the eating of food offered to idols, we know that 8"an idol has no real existence," and that 9"there is no God but one."
5 For although there may be 10so-called gods in heaven or on earth--as indeed there are many "gods" and many "lords"--
6 yet 11for us there is one God, the Father, 12from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and 13one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and 14through whom we exist.
7 However, not all possess this knowledge. But some, 15through former association with idols, eat food as really offered to an idol, and 16their conscience, being weak, is defiled.
8 17Food will not commend us to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat, and no better off if we do.
9 But take care 18that this right of yours does not somehow become a stumbling block 19to the weak.
10 For if anyone sees you who have knowledge eating[c] in an idol's temple, will he not be encouraged,[d] if his conscience is weak, to eat food offered to idols?
11 And so by your knowledge this weak person is 20destroyed, the brother for whom Christ died.
12 Thus, sinning against your brothers[e] and 21wounding their conscience when it is weak, 22you sin against Christ.
13 Therefore, 23if food makes my brother stumble, I will never eat meat, lest I make my brother stumble.

1 Corinthians 8 Commentary

Chapter 8

The danger of having a high conceit of knowledge. (1-6) The mischief of offending weak brethren. (7-13)

Verses 1-6 There is no proof of ignorance more common than conceit of knowledge. Much may be known, when nothing is known to good purpose. And those who think they know any thing, and grow vain thereon, are the least likely to make good use of their knowledge. Satan hurts some as much by tempting them to be proud of mental powers, as others, by alluring to sensuality. Knowledge which puffs up the possessor, and renders him confident, is as dangerous as self-righteous pride, though what he knows may be right. Without holy affections all human knowledge is worthless. The heathens had gods of higher and lower degree; gods many, and lords many; so called, but not such in truth. Christians know better. One God made all, and has power over all. The one God, even the Father, signifies the Godhead as the sole object of all religious worship; and the Lord Jesus Christ denotes the person of Emmanuel, God manifest in the flesh, One with the Father, and with us; the appointed Mediator, and Lord of all; through whom we come to the Father, and through whom the Father sends all blessings to us, by the influence and working of the Holy Spirit. While we refuse all worship to the many who are called gods and lords, and to saints and angels, let us try whether we really come to God by faith in Christ.

Verses 7-13 Eating one kind of food, and abstaining from another, have nothing in them to recommend a person to God. But the apostle cautions against putting a stumbling-block in the way of the weak; lest they be made bold to eat what was offered to the idol, not as common food, but as a sacrifice, and thereby be guilty of idolatry. He who has the Spirit of Christ in him, will love those whom Christ loved so as to die for them. Injuries done to Christians, are done to Christ; but most of all, the entangling them in guilt: wounding their consciences, is wounding him. We should be very tender of doing any thing that may occasion stumbling to others, though it may be innocent in itself. And if we must not endanger other men's souls, how much should we take care not to destroy our own! Let Christians beware of approaching the brink of evil, or the appearance of it, though many do this in public matters, for which perhaps they plead plausibly. Men cannot thus sin against their brethren, without offending Christ, and endangering their own souls.

Cross References 23

  • 1. ver. 4, 7, 10; See Acts 15:29
  • 2. See Romans 15:14
  • 3. Romans 14:3
  • 4. 1 Corinthians 13:4-13
  • 5. Galatians 6:3; [1 Corinthians 3:18]
  • 6. [1 Corinthians 13:8, 9, 12; 1 Timothy 6:3, 4]
  • 7. Galatians 4:9; [Exodus 33:12, 17; Jeremiah 1:5; Nahum 1:7; 2 Timothy 2:19]
  • 8. 1 Corinthians 10:19; Isaiah 41:24; [Acts 14:15]
  • 9. ver. 6; See Deuteronomy 4:35, 39
  • 10. 2 Thessalonians 2:4
  • 11. ver. 4; Malachi 2:10; Ephesians 4:6
  • 12. See Romans 11:36
  • 13. Ephesians 4:5; [1 Corinthians 1:2; 1 Timothy 2:5]; See John 13:13
  • 14. John 1:3; Colossians 1:16
  • 15. [Rom. 14:14, 22, 23]
  • 16. 1 Corinthians 10:25, 28, 29
  • 17. Romans 14:17
  • 18. [1 Corinthians 10:23; Romans 14:21; Galatians 5:13]
  • 19. Romans 14:1, 2
  • 20. Romans 14:15, 20
  • 21. [Zechariah 2:8; Matthew 18:6]
  • 22. [Matthew 25:45]
  • 23. Romans 14:13, 21; [2 Corinthians 6:3; 2 Corinthians 11:29]

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. The expression Now concerning introduces a reply to a question in the Corinthians' letter; see 7:1
  • [b]. Greek him
  • [c]. Greek reclining at table
  • [d]. Or fortified; Greek built up
  • [e]. Or brothers and sisters

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the apostle proceeds to consider the case of eating things offered to idols, which, though an indifferent thing, was abused by many in the Corinthian church, to the scandal and hurt of weak Christians; wherefore the apostle dissuades from the use of it, and refutes the arguments which were used by them in defence of their practice. And the general foundation on which they proceeded being their knowledge of Christian liberty, he begins with that; and makes answer to it, by granting, that he, and they, and all had knowledge in general; and by distinguishing between knowledge and charity, the one puffing up, and the other edifying: wherefore to argue from the one, to the disuse of the other, was wrong, 1Co 8:1 seeing that kind of knowledge, which was not accompanied with love, was no true knowledge, 1Co 8:2 but that was right which had annexed to it love to God, and our neighbour, 1Co 8:3 and then applies this observation to the case of things offered to idols; and explains the knowledge which some had, and boasted of, that an idol was nothing, and that there was but one God, 1Co 8:4 which latter he proves and confirms, partly by allowing that there were many nominal gods and lords, both in heaven and earth; but then they were only so by name, not by nature, 1Co 8:5 and partly by observing the common faith of Christians, that there is but one God, and one Lord Jesus, who are both described by their names and properties, 1Co 8:6 But now, though there was such knowledge concerning an idol, as nothing, and things offered to it, as indifferent, in some, this was not the case of all; who, as their knowledge was small, their consciences were weak, and were defiled by eating such things through the example of others, 1Co 8:7 wherefore it became such who had greater knowledge to abstain from eating them; partly from the unprofitableness of such eating to them with respect to divine acceptance, it making them neither better nor worse, 1Co 8:8 and partly from the harmfulness of it to others, it being a stumblingblock to the weak, which ought not to be laid in their way, 1Co 8:9 and emboldening to do so likewise to the injury of their weak consciences, 1Co 8:10 and so was to the loss and ruin of their peace and comfort, which is aggravated by their being brethren, and such for whom Christ died, 1Co 8:11. Thus by wounding their weak consciences, they that drew them into this practice, by their example, sinned both against their brethren, and Christ himself, 1Co 8:12. From all which the apostle concludes, that rather than offend a weak brother, it was right never to eat any flesh at all; and this he strengthens by his own example and resolution, 1Co 8:13.

1 Corinthians 8 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.