1 Kings 14

Listen to 1 Kings 14

Prophecy Against Jeroboam

1 At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.
2 And Jeroboam said to his wife, "Arise, and disguise yourself, that it not be known that you are the wife of Jeroboam, and go to 1Shiloh. Behold, Ahijah the prophet is there, 2who said of me that I should be king over this people.
3 3Take with you ten loaves, some cakes, and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what shall happen to the child."
4 Jeroboam's wife did so. She arose and went to 4Shiloh and came to the house of 5Ahijah. Now 6Ahijah could not see, for his eyes were dim because of his age.
5 And the LORD said to 7Ahijah, "Behold, the wife of Jeroboam is coming to inquire of you concerning her son, for he is sick. Thus and thus shall you say to her."When she came, she pretended to be another woman.
6 But when 8Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door, he said, "Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why do you pretend to be another? For I am charged with unbearable news for you.
7 Go, tell Jeroboam, 'Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: 9"Because I exalted you from among the people and made you leader over my people Israel
8 and 10tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it to you, and yet you have not been 11like my servant David, who kept my commandments and followed me with all his heart, doing only that which was right in my eyes,
9 but you have done evil above all who were before you and have gone and 12made for yourself other gods and 13metal images, provoking me to anger, and 14have cast me behind your back,
10 therefore behold, I will bring harm upon the house of Jeroboam and 15will cut off from Jeroboam every male, 16both bond and free in Israel, and 17will burn up the house of Jeroboam, as a man burns up dung until it is all gone.
11 18Anyone belonging to Jeroboam who dies in the city the dogs shall eat, and anyone who dies in the open country the birds of the heavens shall eat, for the LORD has spoken it."'
12 Arise therefore, go to your house. 19When your feet enter the city, the child shall die.
13 And all Israel shall mourn for him and bury him, for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him 20there is found something pleasing to the LORD, the God of Israel, in the house of Jeroboam.
14 21Moreover, the LORD will raise up for himself a king over Israel who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam today. And henceforth,
15 the LORD will strike Israel as a reed is shaken in the water, and 22root up Israel out of 23this good land that he gave to their fathers and scatter them 24beyond the Euphrates, because they have made their 25Asherim, provoking the LORD to anger.
16 And he will give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, which he sinned and made Israel to sin."
17 Then Jeroboam's wife arose and departed and came to 26Tirzah. And 27as she came to the threshold of the house, the child died.
18 And all Israel buried him and mourned for him, 28according to the word of the LORD, which he spoke by his servant Ahijah the prophet.

The Death of Jeroboam

19 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, 29how he warred and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel.
20 And the time that Jeroboam reigned was twenty-two years. And he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his place.

Rehoboam Reigns in Judah

21 30Now Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, 31the city that the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. 32His mother's name was Naamah the Ammonite.
22 33And Judah did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, and they 34provoked him to jealousy with their sins that they committed, more than all that their fathers had done.
23 For they also built for themselves 35high places 36and pillars and 37Asherim on every high hill and 38under every green tree,
24 and there were also 39male cult prostitutes in the land. They did according to all the abominations of the nations that the LORD drove out before the people of Israel.
25 40In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem.
26 He took away the treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king's house. 41He took away everything. He also took away all the shields of gold 42that Solomon had made,
27 and King Rehoboam made in their place shields of bronze, and committed them to the hands of the officers of the guard, who kept the door of the king's house.
28 And as often as the king went into the house of the LORD, the guard carried them and brought them back to the guardroom.
29 43Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?
30 44And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually.
31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. 45His mother's name was Naamah the Ammonite. And 46Abijam his son reigned in his place.

1 Kings 14 Commentary

Chapter 14

Abijah being sick, his mother consults Ahijah. (1-6) The destruction of Jeroboam's house. (7-20) Rehoboam's wicked reign. (21-31)

Verses 1-6 "At that time," when Jeroboam did evil, his child sickened. When sickness comes into our families, we should inquire whether there may not be some particular sin harboured in our houses, which the affliction is sent to convince us of, and reclaim us from. It had been more pious if he had desired to know wherefore God contended with him; had begged the prophet's prayers, and cast away his idols from him; but most people would rather be told their fortune, than their faults or their duty. He sent to Ahijah, because he had told him he should be king. Those who by sin disqualify themselves for comfort, yet expect that their ministers, because they are good men, should speak peace and comfort to them, greatly wrong themselves and their ministers. He sent his wife in disguise, that the prophet might only answer her question concerning her son. Thus some people would limit their ministers to smooth things, and care not for having the whole counsel of God declared to them, lest it should prophesy no good concerning them, but evil. But she shall know, at the first word, what she has to trust to. Tidings of a portion with hypocrites will be heavy tidings. God will judge men according to what they are, not by what they seem to be.

Verses 7-20 Whether we keep an account of God's mercies to us or not, he does; and he will set them in order before us, if we are ungrateful, to our greater confusion. Ahijah foretells the speedy death of the child then sick, in mercy to him. He only in the house of Jeroboam had affection for the true worship of God, and disliked the worship of the calves. To show the power and sovereignty of his grace, God saves some out of the worst families, in whom there is some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel. The righteous are removed from the evil to come in this world, to the good to come in a better world. It is often a bad sign for a family, when the best in it are buried out of it. Yet their death never can be a loss to themselves. It was a present affliction to the family and kingdom, by which both ought to have been instructed. God also tells the judgments which should come upon the people of Israel, for conforming to the worship Jeroboam established. After they left the house of David, the government never continued long in one family, but one undermined and destroyed another. Families and kingdoms are ruined by sin. If great men do wickedly, they draw many others, both into the guilt and punishment. The condemnation of those will be severest, who must answer, not only for their own sins, but for sins others have been drawn into, and kept in, by them.

Verses 21-31 Here is no good said of Rehoboam, and much said to the disadvantage of his subjects. The abounding of the worst crimes, of the worst of the heathen, in Jerusalem, the city the Lord had chosen for his temple and his worship, shows that nothing can mend the hearts of fallen men but the sanctifying grace of the Holy Spirit. On this alone may we depend; for this let us daily pray, in behalf of ourselves and all around us. The splendour of their temple, the pomp of their priesthood, and all the advantages with which their religion was attended, could not prevail to keep them close to it; nothing less than the pouring out the Spirit will keep God's Israel in their allegiance to him. Sin exposes, makes poor, and weakens any people. Shishak, king of Egypt, came and took away the treasures. Sin makes the gold become dim, changes the most fine gold, and turns it into brass.

Cross References 46

  • 1. See Joshua 18:1
  • 2. See 1 Kings 11:29-31
  • 3. [1 Samuel 9:7, 8]
  • 4. [See ver. 2 above]
  • 5. 1 Kings 11:29
  • 6. 1 Kings 11:29
  • 7. [See ver. 4 above]
  • 8. [See ver. 4 above]
  • 9. 1 Kings 16:2; [2 Samuel 12:7, 8]
  • 10. 1 Kings 11:31
  • 11. 1 Kings 11:33, 38; 1 Kings 15:5; [1 Kings 9:4]
  • 12. 1 Kings 12:28; 2 Chronicles 11:15
  • 13. [Exodus 34:17]
  • 14. Ezekiel 23:35; [Nehemiah 9:26; Psalms 50:17]
  • 15. 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Kings 9:8
  • 16. Deuteronomy 32:36; 2 Kings 14:26
  • 17. 1 Kings 16:3
  • 18. 1 Kings 16:4; 1 Kings 21:24
  • 19. ver. 17
  • 20. 2 Chronicles 12:12; 2 Chronicles 19:3
  • 21. See 1 Kings 15:27-29
  • 22. Deuteronomy 29:28; Psalms 52:5; Proverbs 2:22
  • 23. Joshua 23:15, 16
  • 24. [2 Kings 15:29]
  • 25. Exodus 34:13; Deuteronomy 12:3
  • 26. 1 Kings 15:21, 33; 1 Kings 16:6, 8, 15, 23
  • 27. ver. 12
  • 28. ver. 13
  • 29. See 2 Chronicles 13:2-20
  • 30. 2 Chronicles 12:13
  • 31. 1 Kings 11:32, 36
  • 32. 2 Chronicles 12:13
  • 33. [2 Chronicles 12:1, 14]
  • 34. See Numbers 25:11
  • 35. See Deuteronomy 12:2
  • 36. See Exodus 23:24
  • 37. ver. 15
  • 38. Deuteronomy 12:2; 2 Kings 16:4; Isaiah 57:5; Jeremiah 2:20
  • 39. See Deuteronomy 23:17
  • 40. 2 Chr. 12:2, 9-11
  • 41. [1 Kings 15:18]
  • 42. 1 Kings 10:17
  • 43. For ver. 29-31, see 2 Chronicles 12:15, 16
  • 44. 1 Kings 15:6; [1 Kings 12:21-24]
  • 45. 2 Chronicles 12:13
  • 46. [Matthew 1:7]

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates the sickness of Jeroboam's son, the application of his wife, at his instance, to the prophet Ahijah, in the child's favour, 1Ki 14:1-6, the prophecy of the prophet concerning the ruin of Jeroboam's house, and the death of the child, which came to pass, 1Ki 14:7-18, an account of the years of Jeroboam's reign, and also of Rehoboam's, 1Ki 14:19-21, and of the evil things done and suffered by the latter in his kingdom, and the calamities that came upon him for it, 1Ki 14:22-28 and the conclusion of his reign, 1Ki 14:29-31.

1 Kings 14 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.