2 Corinthians 8

Listen to 2 Corinthians 8

Encouragement to Give Generously

1 We want you to know, brothers,[a] about the grace of God that has been 1given among the churches of Macedonia,
2 for in a severe test of affliction, their abundance of joy and 2their extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of generosity on their part.
3 For they gave 3according to their means, as I can testify, and beyond their means, of their own accord,
4 begging us earnestly 4for the favor[b] of taking part in 5the relief of the saints--
5 and this, not as we expected, but they 6gave themselves first to the Lord and then by the will of God to us.
6 Accordingly, 7we urged Titus that as he had started, so he should complete among you 8this act of grace.
7 But as 9you excel in everything--in faith, in speech, in knowledge, in all earnestness, and in our love for you[c]--10see that you excel in this act of grace also.
8 11I say this not as a command, but to prove by the earnestness of others that your love also is genuine.
9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that 12though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich.
10 And in this matter 13I give my judgment: 14this benefits you, who 15a year ago started not only to do this work but also to desire to do it.
11 So now finish doing it as well, so that your readiness in desiring it may be matched by your completing it out of what you have.
12 For if the readiness is there, it is acceptable 16according to what a person has, not according to what he does not have.
13 For I do not mean that others should be eased and you burdened, but that as a matter of fairness
14 your abundance at the present time should supply 17their need, so that their abundance may supply your need, that there may be fairness.
15 As it is written, 18"Whoever gathered much had nothing left over, and whoever gathered little had no lack."

Commendation of Titus

16 But 19thanks be to God, 20who put into the heart of Titus the same earnest care I have for you.
17 For 21he not only accepted our appeal, but being himself very earnest he is going[d] to you of his own accord.
18 With him we are sending[e]22the brother who is famous among 23all the churches for his preaching of the gospel.
19 And not only that, but he has been 24appointed by the churches to travel with us as we carry out this act of 25grace that is being ministered by us, 26for the glory of the Lord himself and to show our good will.
20 We take this course so that no one should blame us about this generous gift that is being administered by us,
21 for 27we aim at what is honorable 28not only in the Lord's sight but also in the sight of man.
22 And with them we are sending our brother whom we have often tested and found earnest in many matters, but who is now more earnest than ever because of his great confidence in you.
23 As for Titus, he is 29my partner and fellow worker for your benefit. And as for our brothers, they are messengers[f] of the churches, the glory of Christ.
24 So give proof before the churches of your love and of 30our boasting about you to these men.

2 Corinthians 8 Commentary

Chapter 8

The apostle reminds them of charitable contributions for the poor saints. (1-6) Enforces this by their gifts, and by the love and grace of Christ. (7-9) By the willingness they had shown to this good work. (10-15) He recommends Titus to them. (16-24)

Verses 1-6 The grace of God must be owned as the root and fountain of all the good in us, or done by us, at any time. It is great grace and favour from God, if we are made useful to others, and forward to any good work. He commends the charity of the Macedonians. So far from needing that Paul should urge them, they prayed him to receive the gift. Whatever we use or lay out for God, it is only giving him what is his own. All we give for charitable uses, will not be accepted of God, nor turn to our advantage, unless we first give ourselves to the Lord. By ascribing all really good works to the grace of God, we not only give the glory to him whose due it is, but also show men where their strength is. Abundant spiritual joy enlarges men's hearts in the work and labour of love. How different this from the conduct of those who will not join in any good work, unless urged into it!

Verses 7-9 Faith is the root; and as without faith it is not possible to please God, ( Hebrews 11:6 ) , so those who abound in faith, will abound in other graces and good works also; and this will work and show itself by love. Great talkers are not always the best doers; but these Corinthians were diligent to do, as well as to know and talk well. To all these good things the apostle desires them to add this grace also, to abound in charity to the poor. The best arguments for Christian duties, are drawn from the grace and love of Christ. Though he was rich, as being God, equal in power and glory with the Father, yet he not only became man for us, but became poor also. At length he emptied himself, as it were, to ransom their souls by his sacrifice on the cross. From what riches, blessed Lord, to what poverty didst thou descend for our sakes! and to what riches hast thou advanced us through thy poverty! It is our happiness to be wholly at thy disposal.

Verses 10-15 Good purposes are like buds and blossoms, pleasant to behold, and give hopes of good fruit; but they are lost, and signify nothing without good deeds. Good beginnings are well; but we lose the benefit, unless there is perseverance. When men purpose that which is good, and endeavour, according to their ability, to perform also, God will not reject them for what it is not in their power to do. But this scripture will not justify those who think good meanings are enough, or that good purposes, and the mere profession of a willing mind, are enough to save. Providence gives to some more of the good things of this world, and to some less, that those who have abundance might supply others who are in want. It is the will of God, that by our mutual supplying one another, there should be some sort of equality; not such a levelling as would destroy property, for in such a case there could be no exercise of charity. All should think themselves concerned to relieve those in want. This is shown from the gathering and giving out the manna in the wilderness, ( Exodus 16:18 ) . Those who have most of this world, have no more than food and raiment; and those who have but little of this world, seldom are quite without them.

Verses 16-24 The apostle commends the brethren sent to collect their charity, that it might be known who they were, and how safely they might be trusted. It is the duty of all Christians to act prudently; to hinder, as far as we can, all unjust suspicions. It is needful, in the first place, to act uprightly in the sight of God, but things honest in the sight of men should also be attended to. A clear character, as well as a pure conscience, is requisite for usefulness. They brought glory to Christ as instruments, and had obtained honour from Christ to be counted faithful, and employed in his service. The good opinion others have of us, should be an argument with us to do well.

Cross References 30

  • 1. ver. 5
  • 2. [Mark 12:44]
  • 3. ver. 11; 1 Corinthians 16:2
  • 4. 2 Corinthians 9:2; Romans 15:25, 26; See Acts 24:17
  • 5. See Romans 15:31
  • 6. ver. 1
  • 7. ver. 17; 2 Corinthians 12:18
  • 8. ver. 19; [ver. 4]
  • 9. See 1 Corinthians 1:5
  • 10. 2 Corinthians 9:8
  • 11. 1 Corinthians 7:6
  • 12. Philippians 2:6, 7; [2 Corinthians 6:10; Matthew 20:28]
  • 13. 1 Corinthians 7:25
  • 14. Deuteronomy 15:7, 8; Proverbs 19:17; Proverbs 28:27; 1 Timothy 6:18, 19; Hebrews 13:16
  • 15. 2 Corinthians 9:2
  • 16. [2 Corinthians 9:7; Mark 12:43, 44; Luke 21:3]
  • 17. 2 Corinthians 9:12; [Acts 4:34]
  • 18. Cited from Exodus 16:18
  • 19. See 2 Corinthians 2:14
  • 20. Revelation 17:17
  • 21. ver. 6
  • 22. 2 Corinthians 12:18
  • 23. See 1 Corinthians 7:17
  • 24. [1 Corinthians 16:3, 4]
  • 25. ver. 6
  • 26. 2 Corinthians 4:15
  • 27. See Romans 12:17
  • 28. [Romans 14:18; Philippians 4:8; 1 Peter 2:12]
  • 29. [Philemon 17]
  • 30. 2 Corinthians 7:4, 14; 2 Corinthians 9:2, 3

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Or brothers and sisters
  • [b]. The Greek word charis can mean favor or grace or thanks, depending on the context
  • [c]. Some manuscripts in your love for us
  • [d]. Or he went
  • [e]. Or we sent; also verse 22
  • [f]. Greek apostles

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 CORINTHIANS 8

In this chapter the apostle stirs up the Corinthians, to make a collection for the poor saints at Jerusalem, by a variety of arguments, and gives a commendation of Titus and some other brethren, who were appointed messengers to them on that account. He first sets before them the example of the Macedonian churches, who had made a liberal collection for the above persons; which the apostle calls the grace of God, and says it was bestowed on them; and it was not the generosity of one church only, but of many, and so worthy of imitation, 2Co 8:1 which generosity of theirs he illustrates by the circumstances and condition they were in, they were not only in great affliction, but in deep poverty; and yet contributed with abundance of joy, and in great liberality, 2Co 8:2 yea, this they did not only to the utmost of their power, and according to the best of their abilities; but their will was beyond their power, they had hearts to do more than they were able; and what they did, they did of themselves without being asked and urged to it, 2Co 8:3 nay, they even entreated the apostle and his fellow ministers to take the money they had collected, and either send or carry it to the poor saints at Jerusalem, and minister it to them themselves, 2Co 8:4 and which was beyond the expectation of the apostle, who knew their case; and yet it was but acting like themselves, who at first gave themselves to the Lord and to the apostles by the will of God, 2Co 8:5 and this forwardness and readiness of the Macedonian churches, or the churches themselves put the apostle upon desiring Titus to go to Corinth, and finish the collection he had begun; and which carries in it more arguments than one to excite them to this service; as that this was not only at the request of the apostle, but of the Macedonian churches, that Titus should be desired to go on this business; and besides the thing had been begun, and it would be scandalous not to finish it, 2Co 8:6 and next the apostle argues from their abounding in the exercise of other graces, which he enumerates, that they would also in this, 2Co 8:7 for to excel in one grace, and not in another, was not to their praise and honour; however, he did not urge them to this in an imperious way, and to show and exercise his authority; but was moved unto it through the generous example of others, and that there might be a proof of their sincere love and affection to the Lord, and to his people, 2Co 8:8 but as what he wisely judged would have the greatest weight with them; he proposes to them the example of Christ, and instances in his great love to them; who though was rich became poor for them, that they might be enriched through his poverty, 2Co 8:9 and therefore should freely contribute to his poor saints. Moreover, inasmuch as the apostle did not take upon him to command, only give advice, he should be regarded; and that the rather because what he advised to was expedient for them, would be for their good, and be profitable to them; as well as prevent reproach and scandal, which would follow should they not finish what they had begun so long ago, 2Co 8:10 wherefore he exhorts them cheerfully to perform what they had shown a readiness to; and points out unto them the rule and measure of it, that it should be out of their own, what they were possessed of, and according to their ability; which be it more or less would be acceptable to God, 2Co 8:11,12 for his meaning was not that some should be eased and others burdened; but that all should communicate according to what they had, 2Co 8:13 to which he stimulates them from the hope of the recompence of reward, whenever it should be otherwise with them than it was, and things should change both with them who communicated, and with them to whom they communicated; or this was the end proposed by the apostle, that in the issue there might be an equality between them, 2Co 8:14 which he confirms and illustrates by the distribution of the manna to the Israelites, who had an equal measure, 2Co 8:15 as appears from what is said, Ex 16:18 next the apostle enters upon a commendation of the messengers, that were appointed and ordered to be sent to them upon this errand, and begins with Titus; and gives thanks to God, that had put it into his heart to be so solicitous about this matter, 2Co 8:16 and praises him for his forwardness in undertaking it of his own accord, and in performing it without being urged to it, 2Co 8:17 and next he commends another person, whose name is not mentioned, who was sent along with him; a person of note and fame in all the churches, 2Co 8:18 and who had the honour to be chosen by the churches for this service, 2Co 8:19 and the reason why more persons than one were sent, was to prevent any suspicion of converting the collections to wrong purposes; and to preserve and secure a good character, a character of honesty before God and men, 2Co 8:20,21. To these two a third was added, whose name also is not mentioned, and who had been proved to be a diligent man, and appeared more so in this matter upon the apostle's confidence in the Corinthians, that they would readily attend to the service these were sent to promote, 2Co 8:22 and thus having separately given the characters of these men, they are all of them commended again; Titus, as the apostle's partner and fellow helper; and the other brethren as the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ, 2Co 8:23 and the chapter is concluded with an exhortation to the members of the church at Corinth, to give these messengers a proof of their love to the poor saints before all the churches, and make it appear that he had not boasted of them in vain, 2Co 8:24.

2 Corinthians 8 Commentaries