2 Kings 15:29

29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel, 1Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came and captured 2Ijon, 3Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, 4Kedesh, 5Hazor, Gilead, and 6Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and he carried the people captive to Assyria.

2 Kings 15:29 Meaning and Commentary

2 Kings 15:29

In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king
of Assyria
Into the land of Israel; he is called by a Jewish chronologer F3, Pul-Asir; so Phul-Assar by Metasthenes F4, who says he reigned twenty five years; he very probably was the son of Pul the Assyrian king, mentioned ( 2 Kings 15:19 ) , and is thought to be the same that Aelianus F5 calls Tilgamos; some think he had the first part of his name from Diglath, or Diglito, by which the river Tigris is called in Pliny F6, with which Assyria was washed; and that Pil, or Pul, is Baal, Bel, Jupiter, and Azar is Mars F7; of all which his name is composed:

and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah;
of which see ( 1 Kings 15:20 ) ,

and Janoah;
a city in the tribe of Ephraim, ( Joshua 16:6 )

and Kedesh, and Hazor;
cities in Naphtali: ( Joshua 19:36 Joshua 19:37 )

and Gilead;
a country beyond Jordan, which belonged to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half tribe of Manasseh:

and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali;
that is, upper Galilee, which lay in Naphtali:

and carried them captive to Assyria;
which was the first captivity of Israel in which half their tribes were carried away.


F3 David Ganz. Ut supra. (Tzemach David, par. 2. fol. 3. 2.)
F4 Ut supra. (De Judicio Temp. & Annal. Pers. fol. 221. 2.)
F5 De Animal. l. 12. c. 21.
F6 Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 27.
F7 Hyde Hist. Relig. Pers. p. 65, 66.

2 Kings 15:29 In-Context

27 In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah, Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and he reigned twenty years.
28 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD. He did not depart from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he made Israel to sin.
29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria came and captured Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and he carried the people captive to Assyria.
30 Then Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah and struck him down and put him to death and reigned in his place, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
31 Now the rest of the acts of Pekah and all that he did, behold, they are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel.

Cross References 6

  • 1. 2 Kings 16:7; [1 Chronicles 5:6, 26; 2 Chronicles 28:20]
  • 2. 1 Kings 15:20
  • 3. 2 Samuel 20:14, 15
  • 4. Joshua 19:37
  • 5. Joshua 11:1; Judges 4:2; 1 Kings 9:15
  • 6. Isaiah 9:1
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