2 Kings 9

Listen to 2 Kings 9

Jehu Anointed King of Israel

1 Then Elisha the prophet called one of 1the sons of the prophets and said to him, 2"Tie up your garments, and take this 3flask of oil in your hand, and go to 4Ramoth-gilead.
2 And when you arrive, look there for Jehu 5the son of Jehoshaphat, son of Nimshi. And go in and have him rise from among 6his fellows, and lead him to an inner chamber.
3 Then take the flask of oil and pour it on his head and say, 'Thus says the LORD, 7I anoint you king over Israel.' Then open the door and flee; do not linger."
4 So the young man, the servant of the prophet, went to Ramoth-gilead.
5 And when he came, behold, the commanders of the army were in council. And he said, "I have a word for you, O commander." And Jehu said, "To which of us all?" And he said, "To you, O commander."
6 So he arose and went into the house. And the young man poured the oil on his head, saying to him, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, 8I anoint you king over the people of the LORD, over Israel.
7 And you shall strike down the house of Ahab your master, so that I may avenge 9on Jezebel the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD.
8 For the whole house of Ahab shall perish, 10and I will cut off from Ahab 11every male, 12bond or free, in Israel.
9 And I will make the house of Ahab like 13the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like 14the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah.
10 15And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the territory of Jezreel, and none shall bury her." Then he opened the door and fled.
11 When Jehu came out to the servants of his master, they said to him, 16"Is all well? Why did 17this mad fellow come to you?" And he said to them, "You know the fellow and his talk."
12 And they said, "That is not true; tell us now." And he said, "Thus and so he spoke to me, saying, 'Thus says the LORD, I anoint you king over Israel.'"
13 Then in haste 18every man of them took his garment and put it under him on the bare[a] steps, and they blew the trumpet and proclaimed, 19"Jehu is king."

Jehu Assassinates Joram and Ahaziah

14 Thus Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. (20Now Joram with all Israel had been on guard at Ramoth-gilead against 21Hazael king of Syria,
15 22but King Joram had returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds that the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.) So Jehu said, "If this is your decision, then let no one slip out of the city to go and tell the news in Jezreel."
16 Then Jehu mounted his chariot and went to Jezreel, for Joram lay there. And Ahaziah king of Judah had come down to visit Joram.
17 Now the watchman was standing on the tower in Jezreel, and he saw the company of Jehu as he came and said, "I see a company." And Joram said, "Take a horseman and send to meet them, and let him say, 'Is it peace?'"
18 So a man on horseback went to meet him and said, "Thus says the king, 'Is it peace?'" And Jehu said, "What do you have to do with peace? Turn around and ride behind me." And the watchman reported, saying, "The messenger reached them, but he is not coming back."
19 Then he sent out a second horseman, who came to them and said, "Thus the king has said, 'Is it peace?'" And Jehu answered, "What do you have to do with peace? Turn around and ride behind me."
20 Again the watchman reported, "He reached them, but he is not coming back. And the driving 23is like the driving of Jehu 24the son of Nimshi, for he drives furiously."
21 Joram said, 25"Make ready." And they made ready his chariot. 26Then Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah set out, each in his chariot, and went to meet Jehu, and met him 27at the property of Naboth the Jezreelite.
22 And when Joram saw Jehu, he said, "Is it peace, Jehu?" He answered, "What peace can there be, so long as 28the whorings and the sorceries of your mother Jezebel are so many?"
23 Then Joram reined about and fled, saying to Ahaziah, "Treachery, O Ahaziah!"
24 And Jehu drew his bow with his full strength, and shot Joram between the shoulders, so that the arrow pierced his heart, and he sank in his chariot.
25 Jehu said to Bidkar 29his aide, "Take him up and throw him 30on the plot of ground belonging to Naboth the Jezreelite. For remember, when you and I rode side by side behind Ahab his father, how 31the LORD made this 32pronouncement against him:
26 'As surely as I saw yesterday the blood of Naboth and the blood of his sons--declares the LORD--I will repay you on this plot of ground.' Now therefore take him up and throw him on the plot of ground, in accordance with the word of the LORD."
27 33When Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled in the direction of Beth-haggan. And Jehu pursued him and said, "Shoot him also." And they shot him[b] in the chariot at the ascent of Gur, which is by 34Ibleam. And he fled to 35Megiddo and died there.
28 36His servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his tomb with his fathers in the city of David.
29 In the 37eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab, Ahaziah began to reign over Judah.

Jehu Executes Jezebel

30 When Jehu came to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it. And 38she painted her eyes and adorned her head and looked out of the window.
31 And as Jehu entered the gate, she said, 39"Is it peace, you Zimri, murderer of your master?"
32 And he lifted up his face to the window and said, "Who is on my side? Who?" Two or three eunuchs looked out at him.
33 He said, "Throw her down." So they threw her down. And some of her blood spattered on the wall and on the horses, and they trampled on her.
34 Then he went in and ate and drank. And he said, "See now to this cursed woman and bury her, 40for she is a king's daughter."
35 But when they went to bury her, they found no more of her than the skull and the feet and the palms of her hands.
36 When they came back and told him, he said, "This is the word of the LORD, which he spoke by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, 41'In the territory of Jezreel the dogs shall eat the flesh of Jezebel,
37 and the corpse of Jezebel shall be 42as dung on the face of the field in the territory of Jezreel, so that no one can say, This is Jezebel.'"

2 Kings 9 Commentary

Chapter 9

Elisha sends to anoint Jehu. (1-10) Jehu and the captains. (11-15) Joram and Ahaziah slain by Jehu. (16-29) Jezebel eaten by dogs. (30-37)

Verses 1-10 In these and the like events, we must acknowledge the secret working of God, disposing men to fulfil his purposes respecting them. Jehu was anointed king over Israel, by the Lord's special choice. The Lord still had a remnant of his people, and would yet preserve his worship among them. Of this Jehu was reminded. He was commanded to destroy the house of Ahab, and, as far as he acted in obedience to God, and upon right principles, he needed not to regard reproach or opposition. The murder of God's prophets is strongly noticed. Jezebel persisted in idolatry and enmity to Jehovah and his servants, and her iniquity was now full.

Verses 11-15 Those who faithfully deliver the Lord's message to sinners, have in all ages been treated as madmen. Their judgment, speech, and conduct are contrary to those of other men; they endure much in pursuit of objects, and are influenced by motives, into which the others cannot enter. But above all, the charge is brought by the worldly and ungodly of all sorts, who are mad indeed; while the principles and practice of the devoted servants of God, prove to be wise and reasonable. Some faith in the word of God, seems to have animated Jehu to this undertaking.

Verses 16-29 Jehu was a man of eager spirit. The wisdom of God is seen in the choice of those employed in his work. But it is not for any man's reputation to be known by his fury. He that has rule over his own spirit, is better than the mighty. Joram met Jehu in the portion of Naboth. The circumstances of events are sometimes ordered by Divine Providence to make the punishment answer to the sin, as face answers to face in a glass. The way of sin can never be the way of peace, ( Isaiah 57:21 ) . What peace can sinners have with God? No peace so long as sin is persisted in; but when it is repented of and forsaken, there is peace. Joram died as a criminal, under the sentence of the law. Ahaziah was joined with the house of Ahab. He was one of them; he had made himself so by sin. It is dangerous to join evil-doers; we shall be entangled in guilt and misery by it.

Verses 30-37 Instead of hiding herself, as one afraid of Divine vengeance, Jezebel mocked at fear. See how a heart, hardened against God, will brave it out to the last. There is not a surer presage of ruin, than an unhumbled heart under humbling providences. Let those look at Jezebel's conduct and fate, who use arts to seduce others to commit wickedness, and to draw them aside from the ways of truth and righteousness. Jehu called for aid against Jezebel. When reformation-work is on foot, it is time to ask, Who sides with it? Her attendants delivered her up. Thus she was put to death. See the end of pride and cruelty, and say, The Lord is righteous. When we pamper our bodies, let us think how vile they are; shortly they will be a feast for worms under ground, or beasts above ground. May we all flee from that wrath which is revealed from heaven, against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men.

Cross References 42

  • 1. See 2 Kings 2:3
  • 2. See 1 Kings 18:46
  • 3. 1 Samuel 10:1
  • 4. 2 Kings 8:28; [1 Kings 22:3]
  • 5. ver. 14; [ver. 20; 1 Kings 19:16]
  • 6. [ver. 5, 11]
  • 7. [1 Kings 19:16; 2 Chronicles 22:7]
  • 8. [See ver. 3 above]
  • 9. [1 Kings 18:4]; See 1 Kings 21:5-15
  • 10. 2 Kings 10:17; 1 Kings 21:21; [1 Kings 14:10]
  • 11. See 1 Samuel 25:22
  • 12. Deuteronomy 32:36
  • 13. 1 Kings 14:10; 1 Kings 15:29; 1 Kings 21:22
  • 14. 1 Kings 16:3, 11; 1 Kings 21:22
  • 15. ver. 35, 36; 1 Kings 21:23
  • 16. 2 Kings 5:21
  • 17. Jeremiah 29:26; Hosea 9:7; [John 10:20; Acts 26:24]
  • 18. [Matthew 21:8; Mark 11:8]
  • 19. [1 Kings 1:34]
  • 20. [2 Kings 8:28]
  • 21. [1 Kings 19:17]
  • 22. 2 Kings 8:29
  • 23. [2 Samuel 18:27]
  • 24. 1 Kings 19:17; [ver. 2, 14]
  • 25. 1 Kings 18:44
  • 26. 2 Chronicles 22:7
  • 27. 1 Kings 21:1; [ver. 26]
  • 28. [2 Chronicles 21:13]
  • 29. [2 Kings 7:2]
  • 30. [See ver. 21 above]
  • 31. 1 Kings 21:19, 29
  • 32. See Isaiah 13:1
  • 33. [2 Chronicles 22:9]
  • 34. Joshua 17:11
  • 35. Joshua 17:11
  • 36. [2 Kings 23:30; 2 Chronicles 35:24]
  • 37. [2 Kings 8:25]
  • 38. [Jeremiah 4:30; Ezekiel 23:40]
  • 39. See 1 Kings 16:9-20
  • 40. 1 Kings 16:31
  • 41. 1 Kings 21:23
  • 42. [Psalms 83:10; Jeremiah 8:2; Jeremiah 9:22; Jeremiah 16:4; Jeremiah 25:33]

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
  • [b]. Syriac, Vulgate (compare Septuagint); Hebrew lacks and they shot him

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we are told that one of the sons of the prophets was sent by Elisha to anoint Jehu king of Israel, and to order him to smite and destroy the whole house of Ahab, 2Ki 9:1-10, which being done unto him, and the order received by Jehu, he acquainted his captains with it, 2Ki 9:11-15, who set out with him immediately to Jezreel, 2Ki 9:16-21, where he slew Joram king of Israel, 2Ki 9:22-26, and Ahaziah king of Judah, 2Ki 9:27-29, and Jezebel, the widow of Ahab, and mother of Joram, 2Ki 9:30-37.

2 Kings 9 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.