2 Samuel 17:27

27 When David came to Mahanaim, 1Shobi the son of Nahash from 2Rabbah of the Ammonites, and 3Machir the son of Ammiel from Lo-debar, and 4Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim,

2 Samuel 17:27 Meaning and Commentary

2 Samuel 17:27

And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim
When he first came thither, ( 2 Samuel 17:24 ) ;

that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon:
who was either the son, or rather the brother of Hanun king of the Ammonites, that used David's ambassadors in so shameful a manner, whom David overcame and deposed, and set up this brother in his room; who had showed his dislike of his brother's conduct, and now makes a grateful return to David for his favours; though some say this was Hanun himself, as Jarchi, now become a proselyte, which is not so likely; others take this man to be an Israelite that continued in Rabbah, the metropolis of the Ammonites, after it was taken by David:

and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar;
the same that brought up Mephibosheth, from whom David received him and took him off of his hands, for which now he requited him, see ( 2 Samuel 9:5 ) ;

and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim;
a place that lay under the hills of Gilead F25; it had its name from the "fullers" who dwelt here for the convenience of fountains of water to wash their clothes in.


F25 Fuller's Pisgah-View, B. 2. c. 3. sect. 10. p. 94.

2 Samuel 17:27 In-Context

25 Now Absalom had set Amasa over the army instead of Joab. Amasa was the son of a man named Ithra the Ishmaelite, who had married Abigal the daughter of Nahash, sister of Zeruiah, Joab's mother.
26 And Israel and Absalom encamped in the land of Gilead.
27 When David came to Mahanaim, Shobi the son of Nahash from Rabbah of the Ammonites, and Machir the son of Ammiel from Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelim,
28 brought beds, basins, and earthen vessels, wheat, barley, flour, parched grain, beans and lentils,
29 honey and curds and sheep and cheese from the herd, for David and the people with him to eat, for they said, "The people are hungry and weary and thirsty in the wilderness."

Cross References 4

  • 1. [2 Samuel 10:1, 2]
  • 2. 2 Samuel 12:26, 29
  • 3. 2 Samuel 9:4
  • 4. 2 Samuel 19:31, 32; 1 Kings 2:7; [Ezra 2:61]
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.