2 Samuel 24:1

David's Census

1 Again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, 1"Go, number Israel and Judah."

2 Samuel 24:1 Meaning and Commentary

2 Samuel 24:1

And again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel,
&c.] It had been kindled, and appeared before in sending a three years' famine among them for Saul's ill usage of the Gibeonites, ( 2 Samuel 21:1 ) ; and now it broke forth again, either for some secret sins committed, as Kimchi suggests, or for the rebellion of Absalom, and the insurrection of Sheba, in which multitudes of them joined; so Abarbinel; no doubt there was cause for it, though it is not expressed:

and he moved David against them;
not the Lord, but Satan, as may be supplied from ( 1 Chronicles 21:1 ) ; or "it moved him"; the anger of the Lord, as the last mentioned writer interprets it; or the heart of David, as Ben Gersom; that is, the evil imagination of his heart, as Kimchi; the Lord left him to the corruption of his nature, sometimes called Satan, ( 2 Corinthians 12:7 ) ; which wrought powerfully in him, and stirred him up to take a step contrary to the interest of Israel, and what was prejudicial to them, as the event showed: it moved him to say; to Joab and his captains:

go, number Israel and Judah:
not all the individuals, but such as were fit for war, able to bear arms, see ( 2 Samuel 24:9 ) .

2 Samuel 24:1 In-Context

1 Again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, "Go, number Israel and Judah."
2 So the king said to Joab, the commander of the army, who was with him, "Go through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, and number the people, that I may know the number of the people."
3 But Joab said to the king, "May the LORD your God add to the people a hundred times as many as they are, while the eyes of my lord the king still see it, but why does my lord the king delight in this thing?"
4 But the king's word prevailed against Joab and the commanders of the army. So Joab and the commanders of the army went out from the presence of the king to number the people of Israel.
5 They crossed the Jordan and began from Aroer, and from the city that is in the middle of the valley, toward Gad and on to Jazer.

Cross References 1

  • 1. [1 Chronicles 27:23, 24]
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.