Ephesians 1

Listen to Ephesians 1


1 Paul, 1an apostle of Christ Jesus 2by the will of God, To the saints who are in Ephesus, and 3are faithful[a] in Christ Jesus:
2 4Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

Spiritual Blessings in Christ

3 5Blessed be 6the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing 7in the heavenly places,
4 8even as he 9chose us in him 10before the foundation of the world, that we should be 11holy and blameless before him. In love
5 12he predestined us[b] for 13adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, 14according to the purpose of his will,
6 15to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in 16the Beloved.
7 17In him we have 18redemption 19through his blood, 20the forgiveness of our trespasses, 21according to the riches of his grace,
8 which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight
9 22making known[c] to us the mystery of his will, 23according to his purpose, which he 24set forth in Christ
10 as a plan for 25the fullness of time, 26to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.
11 In him we have obtained 27an inheritance, 28having been predestined 29according to the purpose of him who works all things according to 30the counsel of his will,
12 so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be 31to the praise of his glory.
13 In him you also, when you heard 32the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, 33were sealed with the 34promised Holy Spirit,
14 who is 35the guarantee[d] of our 36inheritance until 37we acquire 38possession of it,[e]39to the praise of his glory.

Thanksgiving and Prayer

15 For this reason, 40because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love[f] toward all the saints,
16 I 41do not cease to give thanks for you, 42remembering you in my prayers,
17 that 43the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, 44may give you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him,
18 45having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is 46the hope to which he has called you, what are 47the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints,
19 and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, 48according to the working of 49his great might
20 that he worked in Christ 50when he raised him from the dead and 51seated him at his right hand 52in the heavenly places,
21 53far above 54all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above 55every name that is named, not only in 56this age but also in the one to come.
22 And 57he put all things under his feet and gave him as 58head over all things to the church,
23 59which is his body, 60the fullness of him 61who fills 62all in all.

Images for Ephesians 1

Ephesians 1 Commentary

Chapter 1

This epistle was written when St. Paul was a prisoner at Rome. The design appears to be to strengthen the Ephesians in the faith of Christ, and to give exalted views of the love of God, and of the dignity and excellence of Christ, fortifying their minds against the scandal of the cross. He shows that they were saved by grace, and that however wretched they once were, they now had equal privileges with the Jews. He encourages them to persevere in their Christian calling, and urges them to walk in a manner becoming their profession, faithfully discharging the general and common duties of religion, and the special duties of particular relations.

A salutation, and an account of saving blessings, as prepared in God's eternal election, as purchased by Christ's blood. (1-8) And as conveyed in effectual calling: this is applied to the believing Jews, and to the believing Gentiles. (9-14) The apostle thanks God for their faith and love, and prays for the continuance of their knowledge and hope, with respect to the heavenly inheritance, and to God's powerful working in them. (15-23)

ephesians 1:1 ephesians 1:2 . All Christians must be saints; if they come not under that character on earth, they will never be saints in glory. Those are not saints, who are not faithful, believing in Christ, and true to the profession they make of relation to their Lord. By grace, understand the free and undeserved love and favour of God, and those graces of the Spirit which come from it; by peace, all other blessings, spiritual and temporal, the fruits of the former. No peace without grace. No peace, nor grace, but from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ; and the best saints need fresh supplies of the graces of the Spirit, and desire to grow.

Verses 3-8 Spiritual and heavenly blessings are the best blessings; with which we cannot be miserable, and without which we cannot but be so. This was from the choice of them in Christ, before the foundation of the world, that they should be made holy by separation from sin, being set apart to God, and sanctified by the Holy Spirit, in consequence of their election in Christ. All who are chosen to happiness as the end, are chosen to holiness as the means. In love they were predestinated, or fore-ordained, to be adopted as children of God by faith in Christ Jesus, and to be openly admitted to the privileges of that high relation to himself. The reconciled and adopted believer, the pardoned sinner, gives all the praise of his salvation to his gracious Father. His love appointed this method of redemption, spared not his own Son, and brought believers to hear and embrace this salvation. It was rich grace to provide such a surety as his own Son, and freely to deliver him up. This method of grace gives no encouragement to evil, but shows sin in all its hatefulness, and how it deserves vengeance. The believer's actions, as well as his words, declare the praises of Divine mercy.

Verses 9-14 Blessings were made known to believers, by the Lord's showing to them the mystery of his sovereign will, and the method of redemption and salvation. But these must have been for ever hidden from us, if God had not made them known by his written word, preached gospel, and Spirit of truth. Christ united the two differing parties, God and man, in his own person, and satisfied for that wrong which caused the separation. He wrought, by his Spirit, those graces of faith and love, whereby we are made one with God, and among ourselves. He dispenses all his blessings, according to his good pleasure. His Divine teaching led whom he pleased to see the glory of those truths, which others were left to blaspheme. What a gracious promise that is, which secures the gift of the Holy Ghost to those who ask him! The sanctifying and comforting influences of the Holy Spirit seal believers as the children of God, and heirs of heaven. These are the first-fruits of holy happiness. For this we were made, and for this we were redeemed; this is the great design of God in all that he has done for us; let all be ascribed unto the praise of his glory.

Verses 15-23 God has laid up spiritual blessings for us in his Son the Lord Jesus; but requires us to draw them out and fetch them in by prayer. Even the best Christians need to be prayed for: and while we hear of the welfare of Christian friends, we should pray for them. Even true believers greatly want heavenly wisdom. Are not the best of us unwilling to come under God's yoke, though there is no other way to find rest for the soul? Do we not for a little pleasure often part with our peace? And if we dispute less, and prayed more with and for each other, we should daily see more and more what is the hope of our calling, and the riches of the Divine glory in this inheritance. It is desirable to feel the mighty power of Divine grace, beginning and carrying on the work of faith in our souls. But it is difficult to bring a soul to believe fully in Christ, and to venture its all, and the hope of eternal life, upon his righteousness. Nothing less than Almighty power will work this in us. Here is signified that it is Christ the Saviour, who supplies all the necessities of those who trust in him, and gives them all blessings in the richest abundance. And by being partakers of Christ himself, we come to be filled with the fulness of grace and glory in him. How then do those forget themselves who seek for righteousness out of him! This teaches us to come to Christ. And did we know what we are called to, and what we might find in him, surely we should come and be suitors to him. When feeling our weakness and the power of our enemies, we most perceive the greatness of that mighty power which effects the conversion of the believer, and is engaged to perfect his salvation. Surely this will constrain us by love to live to our Redeemer's glory.

Cross References 62

  • 1. See 2 Corinthians 1:1
  • 2. See 1 Corinthians 1:1
  • 3. Colossians 1:2
  • 4. See Romans 1:7
  • 5. 2 Corinthians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:3
  • 6. See Romans 15:6
  • 7. ver. 20; Ephesians 2:6; Ephesians 3:10; Ephesians 6:12
  • 8. [Ephesians 2:10; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Peter 1:2]
  • 9. James 2:5; [Deuteronomy 7:6; Deuteronomy 26:18]
  • 10. [2 Timothy 1:9]; See Matthew 13:35
  • 11. Ephesians 5:27; Colossians 1:22; 1 Thessalonians 4:7
  • 12. ver. 11; Romans 8:29, 30
  • 13. See Romans 8:15
  • 14. ver. 9; [Luke 2:14; Hebrews 2:4]; See Luke 12:32
  • 15. ver. 12, 14
  • 16. [John 3:35; John 10:17; Colossians 1:13]; See Matthew 3:17
  • 17. Colossians 1:14
  • 18. Romans 3:24; 1 Corinthians 1:30; [Ephesians 4:30]
  • 19. See Acts 20:28
  • 20. See Acts 2:38
  • 21. [Ephesians 3:8, 16; Colossians 1:27]; See Romans 2:4
  • 22. See Romans 16:25
  • 23. [See ver. 5 above]
  • 24. [ver. 11; Romans 8:28; Romans 9:11]
  • 25. See Mark 1:15
  • 26. Colossians 1:16, 20; [Ephesians 3:15; Philippians 2:9, 10]
  • 27. Deuteronomy 4:20; Deuteronomy 32:9; See ver. 14
  • 28. ver. 5
  • 29. Ephesians 3:11; [Revelation 4:11]; See Romans 8:28
  • 30. [Acts 20:27]
  • 31. ver. 6, 14; [Philippians 1:11]
  • 32. 2 Corinthians 6:7; Colossians 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:15; [Acts 13:26; Acts 15:7]
  • 33. Ephesians 4:30
  • 34. See Acts 1:4
  • 35. 2 Corinthians 1:22
  • 36. Acts 20:32; [ver. 18]
  • 37. Titus 2:14; See ver. 7
  • 38. See 1 Peter 2:9
  • 39. ver. 6, 12
  • 40. Colossians 1:4; Philemon 5; See Romans 1:8
  • 41. Colossians 1:9
  • 42. Romans 1:9; 2 Timothy 1:3
  • 43. See Romans 15:6
  • 44. [Colossians 1:9]
  • 45. [Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 10:32; Revelation 3:17, 18]; See Acts 26:18
  • 46. Ephesians 4:4; [Ephesians 2:12]
  • 47. Ephesians 3:8, 16; Colossians 1:27; See ver. 7
  • 48. Ephesians 3:7; Philippians 3:21; Colossians 1:29; Colossians 2:12
  • 49. Ephesians 6:10; [Daniel 4:30]
  • 50. See Acts 2:24
  • 51. See Mark 16:19; Acts 2:33; 1 Peter 3:22
  • 52. See ver. 3
  • 53. Ephesians 4:10; Colossians 2:10; See John 3:31
  • 54. 1 Corinthians 15:24
  • 55. Ephesians 3:15; Philippians 2:9; [Hebrews 1:4]
  • 56. [Matthew 12:32]
  • 57. Cited from Psalms 8:6; See 1 Corinthians 15:27
  • 58. Ephesians 4:15; Ephesians 5:23; Colossians 1:18; Colossians 2:19; [1 Corinthians 11:3; Colossians 2:10]
  • 59. Ephesians 4:12, 16; Ephesians 5:30; Colossians 1:18, 24; [Ephesians 5:23; 1 Corinthians 12:27]
  • 60. Ephesians 3:19; See John 1:16
  • 61. Ephesians 4:10
  • 62. [Jeremiah 23:24; Colossians 3:11]

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Some manuscripts saints who are also faithful (omitting in Ephesus)
  • [b]. Or before him in love, having predestined us
  • [c]. Or he lavished upon us in all wisdom and insight, making known...
  • [d]. Or down payment
  • [e]. Or until God redeems his possession
  • [f]. Some manuscripts omit your love

Chapter Summary


The city of Ephesus is, by Pliny {a}, called the other light of Asia; Miletus was one, and Ephesus the other: it was the metropolis of the lesser Asia, and one of the twelve cities of Ionia, and the first and chief of them: it is said to be built by the Amazons {b}: it was famous for the magnificent temple of Diana; and the inhabitants of it were very much given to superstition and idolatry, and even to devilish arts, Ac 19:19. It abounded with orators and philosophers, and men of great wisdom and learning {c}; and was formerly a very rich, trading, flourishing city, but now a village, and a poor desolate place; it retains the name of Efeso, though the Turks call it Aia Salik. Hither the Apostle Paul first went after he had been at Corinth, though he then made but a short stay; when he came thither again, he found twelve disciples, and was the instrument of making a great many more: here he continued two or three years and formed a Gospel church, very large and flourishing, to whom he writes this epistle; and which was written by him when he was a prisoner at Rome, as appears by several passages in it, \Eph 3:1 4:1 6:20\, and seems to have been written much about the same time as were the epistles to the Philippians, and to the Colossians, and to Philemon. Dr. Hammond thinks it was written about the year 58, and Dr. Lightfoot places it in 59, and the fifth year of Nero. The occasion of it was the foresight the apostle had of false teachers that would spring up in this church, after his death, and spread their pernicious doctrines, and draw away disciples after them, and do great mischief in the church; wherefore the design of this epistle is to establish the saints in the doctrines of the Gospel, that so they might not be carried away with the errors of the wicked: the subject matter of it is most excellent; it treats of the most sublime doctrines of grace, of divine predestination, and eternal election, of redemption by Christ, and of peace and pardon by his blood, of conversion by the power of efficacious grace, and of salvation by the free grace of God, in opposition to works: it also very largely treats of the nature and usefulness of the Gospel ministry, and of gifts qualifying for it, and of the several duties of religion incumbent on Christians; and the method which is used is exceeding apt and beautiful, for the apostle first begins with the doctrines of the Gospel, which he distinctly handles and explains, and then proceeds to enforce the duties belonging to men, both as men and Christians.


In this chapter are contained the inscription of the epistle, the salutation of the persons to whom it is written, the apostle's thanksgiving for blessings received by him, and them; in which the efficient, moving, procuring, and final causes of salvation are taken notice of, and the several parts and branches of it observed; and the whole is concluded with prayers for the Ephesians; in which mention is made of various things to the comfort of the saints, and to the glory of Christ. The inscription is in Eph 1:1, in which the author of the epistle puts his name, declares his office, and how he came into it; and describes the persons to whom he wrote it, by their religious characters, and the place of their abode. The salutation is in Eph 1:2, which is common to all his epistles: and in Eph 1:3, is the thanksgiving to God, as the God and Father of Christ, for spiritual blessings in Christ in general; and then he proceeds to particulars, and begins with election, which is represented as an act of God the Father, as of particular persons, as done in Christ, and from the foundation of the world, the end of which is perfect holiness and love, Eph 1:4, and which is further illustrated under the name of predestination; the blessing which that is an appointment to, is the adoption of children; the moving cause of it, is the good pleasure of the divine will; the instrumental cause, or means, is Christ Jesus; the end with God is for himself, Eph 1:5, and which, in the next verse, is explained of the glory of his grace; to which grace, acceptance with him in Christ is owing; and which is another spiritual blessing, or a branch of election and predestination, Eph 1:6. To which is added another, and that is redemption; the author of which is Christ; the price, or procuring and meritorious cause of it is his blood; a branch of which is forgiveness of sins; and the whole is according to the plenteous and free grace of God, Eph 1:7, the entire plan and scheme of which is the produce of abundant wisdom and prudence, Eph 1:8, and is no other than the mystery of the will of God revealed in the Gospel, according to his sovereign will and purpose, Eph 1:9, which lay hid within himself until the fulness of times, or the Gospel dispensation, in which Christ being sent, has gathered all together in himself, Eph 1:10, through whom the saints enjoy the inheritance they are adopted to in predestination, which is the effect of an unfrustrable purpose, and a wise counsel and will, Eph 1:11. The end of which is, that those predestinated, redeemed, and adopted ones, should be to the praise and glory of God, Eph 1:12, and who are described as such, who first trusted in Christ upon hearing the Gospel; and after they had believed in him, were sealed by the Holy Spirit, said to be the Spirit of promise, Eph 1:13, and who is also spoken of as the earnest and pledge of the saints' inheritance, and who will continue so until all the people of God are redeemed from the grave in the resurrection morn, which will also issue in the praise and glory of God, Eph 1:14, and now on account of all these blessings of predestination, adoption, redemption, calling, and the sealing of the Spirit; as also, because of their faith in Christ, and love to the saints, these believers were possessed of, the apostle gave thanks, and continued to give thanks to God in his prayers to him, Eph 1:15,16. The object of his prayers is described as the God of Christ, and Father of glory; the petitions to him are for an increase of knowledge of Christ from the Spirit, as a spirit of wisdom and revelation, Eph 1:17, and that they might have a clearer view of the nature of that glory they were called unto, and were hoping for, Eph 1:18, and observe the wonderful display of the power of God in their conversion and faith; which is illustrated by comparing it with that power which was shown in raising Christ from the dead, Eph 1:20, which leads the apostle to take notice of the exaltation of Christ at the right hand of God in heaven, consequent on his resurrection; where he is advanced above angels and men, and has all things in subjection to him for the good of his church, of which he is the head, and which is his body and fulness, Eph 1:21-23.

Ephesians 1 Commentaries