Exodus 12:11

11 In this manner you shall eat it: with 1your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. 2It is the LORD's Passover.

Exodus 12:11 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 12:11

And thus shall ye eat it
After the following manner, in the habit and posture described: the Targum of Jonathan adds,

``at this time, and not in ages following;''

for these rites were peculiar to the passover in Egypt, and not to be observed in later times:

with your loins girded;
that is, with their garments girt about their loins, for the better convenience in travelling; for in those countries they wore long loose garments, which reached to their feet, and unless girt up, were a great hinderance in walking; and may denote the saints being girt with the girdle of truth, and their readiness and fitness to perform every good work:

your shoes on your feet;
which used to be put off at feasts, in order to have their feet washed, which was frequently done at such times, as we learn from many instances in Scripture, which could not be done unless the shoes were off, ( Genesis 18:4 Genesis 18:5 ) ( Luke 7:44 ) ( John 13:5 ) , besides, it is highly probable that the Israelites in Egypt did not wear shoes in common, it being a hot country, and they in a state of poverty and bondage; but now being about to depart the land, and to take a journey, they are ordered to have their shoes on, to be ready for it: and was a token of their deliverance and freedom, and joy on that occasion; and may, in an evangelic sense, denote the feet of the saints being shod with the preparation of the Gospel of peace, ( Ephesians 6:15 ) ,

and your staff in your hand;
such as travellers make use of to support and assist, protect and defend them, in their journey, and may be expressive of faith in the word and promises of God, which are the support of his people in their passage through this world, ( Psalms 23:4 )

and ye shall eat it in haste;
because upon slaying the firstborn the Egyptians would be urgent upon them to depart immediately. Aquila renders it, "with fear", and so the Targum of Jonathan; but the other sense suits best with the circumstances of the Israelites:

it [is] the Lord's passover;
which he has commanded, and is a sign and token of his passing over the houses of the Israelites, when he destroyed the firstborn in all the houses of the Egyptians, and which is explained in the following verse, and the reason of its name given; the act of passing was his, the ordinance was appointed by him, and it was typical of the Lord Jesus Christ, the true passover, ( 1 Corinthians 5:7 ) .

Exodus 12:11 In-Context

9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts.
10 And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn.
11 In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD's Passover.
12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.
13 The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

Cross References 2

  • 1. [Luke 12:35; Ephesians 6:14; 1 Peter 1:13]
  • 2. ver. 27; Leviticus 23:5; Deuteronomy 16:5; [1 Corinthians 5:7]
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.