Exodus 12:36

36 1And the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that 2they let them have what they asked. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.

Exodus 12:36 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 12:36

And the Lord gave the people favour in the sight of the
Their minds were disposed towards them, and their hearts were inclined to grant their request, and did grant it:

so they lent unto them:
such things as they required; or "they gave unto them" F2; made presents of them freely to them; and so Josephus says F3, that they honoured them with gifts:

and they spoiled the Egyptians;
stripped them of their substance and riches, of their most valuable things; in doing which they were in no wise criminal, since they did it by the direction and authority of God, who has a right to dispose of all the things in the world; and to take of them from one, and give to another, as he pleases; nor was any injustice done to the Egyptians, who owed all this, and perhaps abundantly more, to the Israelites, for the labour and service they had served them in for many years; besides, they were the avowed enemies of Israel, and the Lord had now put himself at the head of the armies of Israel, and was contending with them, and they with him, who should overcome; and this was doing no other than what, acceding to the law of nations, is lawful to be done in time of war; to spoil, plunder, and distress an enemy, in whatsoever way it can be done. And thus the promise made to Abraham, that his posterity should come out with great substance, was fulfilled, ( Genesis 15:14 ) . This circumstance is taken notice of by some Heathen writers, as Artapanus F4; who says they borrowed many cups of the Egyptians, and not a little raiment, besides a great quantity of other treasure and riches; and so Ezekiel the tragedian F5 speaks of a vast deal of gold and silver, raiment, and other things, the Israelitish women had of the Egyptians at their departure, and who relates the history of Moses and the above plagues very agreeably to the sacred writings.


F2 (Mwlavyw) "ut petita darent", Tigurine version, "ut dederint", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Ainsworth, Cartwright.
F3 Antiqu. l. 2. c. 14. sect. 6.
F4 Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 27. p. 436.
F5 Apud Euseb. ib. c. 29. p. 443.

Exodus 12:36 In-Context

34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their cloaks on their shoulders.
35 The people of Israel had also done as Moses told them, for they had asked the Egyptians for silver and gold jewelry and for clothing.
36 And the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.
37 And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.
38 A mixed multitude also went up with them, and very much livestock, both flocks and herds.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Exodus 3:21; Exodus 11:3
  • 2. Genesis 15:14; Psalms 105:37
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.