Exodus 30:24

24 and 500 of cassia, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and a 1hin[a] of olive oil.

Exodus 30:24 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 30:24

And of cassia five hundred [shekels]
Or two hundred and fifty ounces:

after the shekel of the sanctuary;
according to the standard weight kept there. This "cassia" was not the "cassia solutiva", which is of a purgative nature, and now in use in physic, but the "cassia odorata", or the sweet smelling "cassia": which, Pancirollus F19 says, some take to be the nard, out of which a most sweet oil is pressed; and Servius


F20 says, that cassia is an herb of a most sweet smell. Pliny F21 speaks of it along with cinnamon; and Galen says, when cinnamon was wanting, it was usual to put in its stead a double quantity of cassia {w}; Leo Africanus speaks of trees in Africa bearing cassia, and which chiefly grew in Egypt F24;

and of oil olive an hin;
containing twelve logs: according to Godwin F25, it was of our measure three quarts; but, as Bishop Cumberland has more exactly calculated it, it held a wine gallon, a quart, and a little more: this was the purest and best of oil, and most fit and proper to be a part of this holy anointing oil.

F19 Ut supra, (Rer. Memorab. sive Deperd. par. 1.) tit. 11. p. 30.
F20 In Virgil. Bucol. Eclog. 2.
F21 Ut supra, (Nat. Hist. l. 12.) c. 19.
F23 Apud Dalechamp in Plin. ib.
F24 Descriptio Africae, l. 9. p. 752.
F25 Moses & Aaron, l. 6. c. 9.

Exodus 30:24 In-Context

22 The LORD said to Moses,
23 "Take the finest spices: of liquid myrrh 500 shekels, and of sweet-smelling cinnamon half as much, that is, 250, and 250 of aromatic cane,
24 and 500 of cassia, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, and a hin of olive oil.
25 And you shall make of these a sacred anointing oil blended as by the perfumer; it shall be a holy anointing oil.
26 With it you shall anoint the tent of meeting and the ark of the testimony,

Cross References 1

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. A hin was about 4 quarts or 3.5 liters
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