Genesis 41:43

43 And he made him ride in his second chariot. 1And they called out before him, "Bow the knee!"[a] Thus he set him 2over all the land of Egypt.

Genesis 41:43 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 41:43

And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had,
&c.] By which it appeared that he was next to Pharaoh, but not above him; as kings were wont to have more chariots than one, those were distinguished by first, second being of greater state the one than the other, see ( 2 Chronicles 35:24 ) : and they cried before him, bow the knee;
that is, his guard that attended him, when he rode out in his chariot, called to the people, as they passed along, to bow the knee to Joseph, as a token of veneration and respect; or they proclaimed him "Abrech", which Onkelos paraphrases, this is the father of the king; and so Jarchi, who observes, that "Rech" signifies a king in the Syriac language; and this agrees with what Joseph himself says, that God had made him a father to Pharaoh, ( Genesis 45:8 ) . Others render it a tender father; and the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem take in both senses,

``this is the father of the king, (or let the father of the king live, so the Jerusalem,) who is great in wisdom, and tender in years:''
though rather he may be so called, because he acted the part of a tender father to the country, in providing corn for them against a time of scarcity: and he made him [ruler] over all the land of Egypt;
appointed him to be governor of the whole land, and invested him with that office, and made him appear to be so, by the grandeur he raised him to.

Genesis 41:43 In-Context

41 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, "See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt."
42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph's hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen and put a gold chain about his neck.
43 And he made him ride in his second chariot. And they called out before him, "Bow the knee!" Thus he set him over all the land of Egypt.
44 Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I am Pharaoh, and without your consent no one shall lift up hand or foot in all the land of Egypt."
45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphenath-paneah. And he gave him in marriage Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On. So Joseph went out over the land of Egypt.

Cross References 2

  • 1. [Esther 6:9]
  • 2. ver. 40; Genesis 42:6; Genesis 45:8, 9, 26

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Abrek, probably an Egyptian word, similar in sound to the Hebrew word meaning to kneel
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