Jeremiah 46:5

5 Why have I seen it? They are dismayed and have turned backward. Their 1warriors are beaten down and have fled in haste; 2they look not back-- 3terror on every side! declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 46:5 Meaning and Commentary

Jeremiah 46:5

Wherefore have I seen them dismayed [and] turned away back?
&c.] The Egyptians, after all this preparation for war, and seeming ardent to engage in battle; and yet, when they came to it, were seized with a panic, and thrown into the utmost consternation, and turned their backs upon their enemy: these are either the words of the prophet, who had a view by a spirit of prophecy, of the consternation, confusion, and flight of the Egyptian army; or of the Lord, who foresaw all this, and represents it as if it was done because of the certainty of it; upbraiding the Egyptians with their pusillanimity and cowardice: and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not
or, "their mighty ones are broken" F19; their valiant soldiers and officers, their best troops were broken to pieces, their ranks and files, and thrown into the utmost disorder; and therefore made all the haste they could to escape the fury of the enemy, and fled with the utmost precipitation, and never stopped to look back upon their pursuers; so great their fear: [for] fear [was] round about, saith the Lord;
from whence it came; it was he that put it into them, took away their courage, and made them a "magormissabib", or "fear round about", the word here used; see ( Jeremiah 20:3 ) . The Targum is,

``they looked not back to resist them that slay with the sword, who are gathered against them round about, saith the Lord;''
their enemies surrounded them, and that was the reason fear was round about them, and both were from the Lord; or as he had said, determined, and foretold it should be.

F19 (wtky Mhyrwbgw) "et fortes corum contusi sunt, vel coutunduntur", Schmidt, Cocceius, Piscator; "contriti sunt", Vatablus.

Jeremiah 46:5 In-Context

3 "Prepare buckler and shield, and advance for battle!
4 Harness the horses; mount, O horsemen! Take your stations with your helmets, polish your spears, put on your armor!
5 Why have I seen it? They are dismayed and have turned backward. Their warriors are beaten down and have fled in haste; they look not back-- terror on every side! declares the LORD.
6 "The swift cannot flee away, nor the warrior escape; in the north by the river Euphrates they have stumbled and fallen.
7 "Who is this, rising like the Nile, like rivers whose waters surge?

Cross References 3

  • 1. [2 Samuel 1:19, 25]
  • 2. ver. 21; Jeremiah 47:3
  • 3. See Jeremiah 6:25