Job 16

Listen to Job 16

Job Replies: Miserable Comforters Are You

1 Then Job answered and said:
2 "I have heard 1many such things; 2miserable comforters are you all.
3 Shall 3windy words have an end? Or what provokes you that you answer?
4 I also could speak as you do, if you were in my place; I could join words together against you and 4shake my head at you.
5 I could strengthen you with my mouth, and the solace of my lips would assuage your pain.
6 "If I speak, my pain is not assuaged, and if I forbear, how much of it leaves me?
7 Surely now God has worn me out; 5he has[a] made desolate all my company.
8 And he has shriveled me up, which is 6a witness against me, and my 7leanness has risen up against me; it testifies to my face.
9 He has 8torn me in his wrath 9and hated me; he has 10gnashed his teeth at me; my adversary sharpens his eyes against me.
10 Men have 11gaped at me with their mouth; they have 12struck me insolently on the cheek; they 13mass themselves together against me.
11 God gives me up to the ungodly and casts me into the hands of the wicked.
12 I was at ease, and he broke me apart; he seized me by the neck and dashed me to pieces; he set me up as his 14target;
13 his 15archers surround me. He slashes open my kidneys 16and does not spare; he 17pours out my gall on the ground.
14 He breaks me with 18breach upon breach; he 19runs upon me like a warrior.
15 I have sewed 20sackcloth upon my skin and have laid 21my strength 22in the dust.
16 My face is red with weeping, and on my eyelids is 23deep darkness,
17 although there is no 24violence in my hands, and my prayer is pure.
18 "O earth, 25cover not my blood, and let my 26cry find no resting place.
19 Even now, behold, my 27witness is in heaven, and he who testifies for me is 28on high.
20 My friends 29scorn me; my eye pours out tears to God,
21 that he would 30argue the case of a man with God, as[b] a son of man does with his neighbor.
22 For when a few years have come I shall go the way 31from which I shall not return.

Job 16 Commentary

Chapter 16

Job reproves his friends. (1-5) He represents his case as deplorable. (6-16) Job maintains his innocency. (17-22)

Verses 1-5 Eliphaz had represented Job's discourses as unprofitable, and nothing to the purpose; Job here gives his the same character. Those who pass censures, must expect to have them retorted; it is easy, it is endless, but what good does it do? Angry answers stir up men's passions, but never convince their judgments, nor set truth in a clear light. What Job says of his friends is true of all creatures, in comparison with God; one time or other we shall be made to see and own that miserable comforters are they all. When under convictions of sin, terrors of conscience, or the arrests of death, only the blessed Spirit can comfort effectually; all others, without him, do it miserably, and to no purpose. Whatever our brethren's sorrows are, we ought by sympathy to make them our own; they may soon be so.

Verses 6-16 Here is a doleful representation of Job's grievances. What reason we have to bless God, that we are not making such complaints! Even good men, when in great troubles, have much ado not to entertain hard thoughts of God. Eliphaz had represented Job as unhumbled under his affliction: No, says Job, I know better things; the dust is now the fittest place for me. In this he reminds us of Christ, who was a man of sorrows, and pronounced those blessed that mourn, for they shall be comforted.

Verses 17-22 Job's condition was very deplorable; but he had the testimony of his conscience for him, that he never allowed himself in any gross sin. No one was ever more ready to acknowledge sins of infirmity. Eliphaz had charged him with hypocrisy in religion, but he specifies prayer, the great act of religion, and professes that in this he was pure, though not from all infirmity. He had a God to go to, who he doubted not took full notice of all his sorrows. Those who pour out tears before God, though they cannot plead for themselves, by reason of their defects, have a Friend to plead for them, even the Son of man, and on him we must ground all our hopes of acceptance with God. To die, is to go the way whence we shall not return. We must all of us, very certainly, and very shortly, go this journey. Should not then the Saviour be precious to our souls? And ought we not to be ready to obey and to suffer for his sake? If our consciences are sprinkled with his atoning blood, and testify that we are not living in sin or hypocrisy, when we go the way whence we shall not return, it will be a release from prison, and an entrance into everlasting happiness.

Cross References 31

  • 1. [Job 12:3]
  • 2. [Job 13:4]
  • 3. [Job 15:2]
  • 4. 2 Kings 19:21; Psalms 22:7; Psalms 109:25; Isaiah 37:22; Jeremiah 18:16; Lamentations 2:15; Matthew 27:39; Mark 15:29
  • 5. [Job 15:34]; See Job 1:15-19
  • 6. Job 10:17; [Ruth 1:21]
  • 7. [Psalms 109:24]
  • 8. Job 18:4; Hosea 6:1; Amos 1:11
  • 9. Job 30:21
  • 10. Psalms 35:16; Psalms 37:12; Psalms 112:10; Lamentations 2:16; Acts 7:54
  • 11. Psalms 22:13
  • 12. Psalms 3:7; Isaiah 50:6; Lamentations 3:30; Micah 5:1; [1 Kings 22:24; Acts 23:2]
  • 13. Psalms 35:15
  • 14. Lamentations 3:12; [Job 7:20]
  • 15. Jeremiah 50:29
  • 16. Job 27:22
  • 17. Job 20:25; [Lamentations 2:11]
  • 18. Job 30:14
  • 19. Job 15:26
  • 20. See 2 Samuel 3:31
  • 21. [Psalms 75:10]
  • 22. [Psalms 7:5]
  • 23. See Job 3:5
  • 24. Isaiah 53:9
  • 25. Isaiah 26:21; Ezekiel 24:7
  • 26. [Genesis 4:10]
  • 27. Psalms 89:37; Romans 1:9
  • 28. [Psalms 148:1]
  • 29. [Job 12:5]
  • 30. [Job 31:35]
  • 31. See Job 10:21

Footnotes 2

Chapter Summary


This chapter and the following contain Job's reply to the preceding discourse of Eliphaz, in which he complains of the conversation of his friends, as unprofitable, uncomfortable, vain, empty, and without any foundation, Job 16:1-3; and intimates that were they in his case and circumstances, tie should behave in another manner towards them, not mock at them, but comfort them, Job 16:4,5; though such was his unhappy case, that, whether he spoke or was silent, it was much the same; there was no alloy to his grief, Job 16:6; wherefore he turns himself to God, and speaks to him, and of what he had done to him, both to his family, and to himself; which things, as they proved the reality of his afflictions, were used by his friends as witnesses against him, Job 16:7,8; and then enters upon a detail of his troubles, both at the hands of God and man, in order to move the divine compassion, and the pity of his friends, Job 16:9-14; which occasioned him great sorrow and distress, Job 16:15,16; yet asserts his own innocence, and appeals to God for the truth of it, Job 16:17-19; and applies to him, and wishes his cause was pleaded with him, Job 16:20,21; and concludes with the sense he had of the shortness of his life, Job 16:22; which sentiment is enlarged upon in the following chapter.

Job 16 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.