Job 30

Listen to Job 30
1 "But now they 1laugh at me, men who are 2younger than I, whose fathers I would have disdained to set with the dogs of my flock.
2 What could I gain from the strength of their hands, 3men whose 4vigor is gone?
3 Through want and hard hunger they 5gnaw 6the dry ground by night in 7waste and desolation;
4 they pick saltwort and the leaves of bushes, and the roots of the broom tree for their food.[a]
5 8They are driven out from human company; they shout after them as after a thief.
6 In the gullies of the torrents they must dwell, in holes of the earth and of 9the rocks.
7 Among the bushes they 10bray; under 11the nettles they huddle together.
8 A senseless, a nameless brood, they have been whipped out of the land.
9 "And now I have become their 12song; I am 13a byword to them.
10 They 14abhor me; they keep aloof from me; they do not hesitate to 15spit at the sight of me.
11 Because God has loosed my cord and humbled me, they have cast off restraint[b] in my presence.
12 On my 16right hand the rabble rise; they push away my feet; they 17cast up against me their ways of destruction.
13 They break up my path; they promote my 18calamity; they need no one to help them.
14 As through a wide 19breach they come; amid the crash they roll on.
15 20Terrors are turned upon me; my honor is pursued as by the wind, and my prosperity has passed away like 21a cloud.
16 "And now my soul is 22poured out within me; days of affliction have taken hold of me.
17 23The night 24racks my bones, and the pain that 25gnaws me takes no rest.
18 With great force my garment is 26disfigured; it binds me about like the collar of my tunic.
19 God[c] has cast me into the mire, and I have become like 27dust and ashes.
20 I cry to you for help and you do not answer me; I stand, and you only look at me.
21 You have 28turned cruel to me; with the might of your hand you 29persecute me.
22 30You lift me up on the wind; you make me ride on it, and you toss me about in the roar of the storm.
23 31For I know that you will bring me to death and to the house appointed for 32all living.
24 "Yet does not one in a 33heap of ruins stretch out his hand, and in his disaster cry for help?[d]
25 Did not I 34weep for him whose day was hard? Was not my soul grieved for the needy?
26 But 35when I hoped for good, evil came, and when I waited for light, 36darkness came.
27 My inward parts are in turmoil and never still; days of affliction 37come to meet me.
28 I 38go about darkened, but not by the sun; I stand up in 39the assembly and cry for help.
29 I am a brother of 40jackals and a companion of 41ostriches.
30 My 42skin turns black and falls from me, and my 43bones burn with heat.
31 My 44lyre is 45turned to mourning, and my 46pipe to the voice of those who weep.

Job 30 Commentary

Chapter 30

Job's honour is turned into contempt. (1-14) Job a burden to himself. (15-31)

Verses 1-14 Job contrasts his present condition with his former honour and authority. What little cause have men to be ambitious or proud of that which may be so easily lost, and what little confidence is to be put in it! We should not be cast down if we are despised, reviled, and hated by wicked men. We should look to Jesus, who endured the contradiction of sinners.

Verses 15-31 Job complains a great deal. Harbouring hard thoughts of God was the sin which did, at this time, most easily beset Job. When inward temptations join with outward calamities, the soul is hurried as in a tempest, and is filled with confusion. But woe be to those who really have God for an enemy! Compared with the awful state of ungodly men, what are all outward, or even inward temporal afflictions? There is something with which Job comforts himself, yet it is but a little. He foresees that death will be the end of all his troubles. God's wrath might bring him to death; but his soul would be safe and happy in the world of spirits. If none pity us, yet our God, who corrects, pities us, even as a father pitieth his own children. And let us look more to the things of eternity: then the believer will cease from mourning, and joyfully praise redeeming love.

Cross References 46

  • 1. See Job 12:4
  • 2. Job 32:6; [Job 32:4]
  • 3. For ver. 2-8, see Job 24:4-8
  • 4. [Job 5:26]
  • 5. [ver. 17]
  • 6. Jeremiah 2:6
  • 7. Job 38:27; Zephaniah 1:15
  • 8. [1 Samuel 26:19]
  • 9. 1 Samuel 13:6; Jeremiah 4:29
  • 10. Job 6:5
  • 11. Proverbs 24:31; Zephaniah 2:9
  • 12. Psalms 69:12; Lamentations 3:14, 63
  • 13. See Job 17:6
  • 14. Psalms 88:8; [Job 17:6]
  • 15. Numbers 12:14; Isaiah 50:6; Matthew 26:67; Matthew 27:30
  • 16. Psalms 109:6
  • 17. Job 19:12
  • 18. Job 6:2
  • 19. Job 16:14
  • 20. See Job 18:11
  • 21. Job 7:9; Isaiah 44:22
  • 22. 1 Samuel 1:15; [Job 10:1]
  • 23. [Job 7:3]
  • 24. Job 33:19
  • 25. ver. 3
  • 26. [1 Samuel 28:8; 1 Kings 20:38]
  • 27. Job 42:6; [Genesis 18:27]
  • 28. Lamentations 4:3; [Isaiah 63:10]
  • 29. Job 16:9
  • 30. [Job 27:21]
  • 31. Job 19:25
  • 32. Job 28:21
  • 33. Psalms 79:1; Jeremiah 26:18; Micah 1:6; Micah 3:12
  • 34. Psalms 35:13, 14; Romans 12:15
  • 35. Jeremiah 8:15; Jeremiah 14:19
  • 36. Job 10:21, 22
  • 37. 2 Samuel 22:6; Psalms 18:5
  • 38. Psalms 38:6; Psalms 42:9; Psalms 43:2
  • 39. Proverbs 26:26
  • 40. Micah 1:8
  • 41. Isaiah 13:21; Isaiah 34:13; Jeremiah 50:39; Micah 1:8
  • 42. [Psalms 119:83; Lamentations 4:8; Lamentations 5:10]
  • 43. Psalms 102:3
  • 44. Job 21:12
  • 45. Lamentations 5:15
  • 46. Job 21:12

Footnotes 4

Chapter Summary


Job in this chapter sets forth his then unhappy state and condition, in contrast with his former state of prosperity described in the preceding chapter: things had taken a strange turn, and were just the reverse of what they were before; he that was before in such high esteem and credit with all sorts of men, young and old, high and low, rich and poor, now is had in derision by the meanest and basest of men, whose characters are described, Job 30:1-8; and the instances of their contempt of him by words and gestures are given, Job 30:9-14; he who enjoyed so much ease of mind, and health of body, is now filled with distresses of soul, and bodily diseases, Job 30:15-19; and he who enjoyed so much of the presence of God, and communion with him, and of his love and favour, was now disregarded, and, as he thought, cruelly used by him, who not only had destroyed his substance, but was about to bring him to the grave, Job 30:20-24; all which came upon him, though he had a sympathizing heart with the poor, and them that were in trouble, and when he expected better things, Job 30:25-28; and he close the chapter, lamenting his sad and sorrowful circumstances, Job 30:29-31.

Job 30 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.