Job 42

Listen to Job 42

Job's Confession and Repentance

1 Then Job answered the LORD and said:
2 "I know that you can 1do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted.
3 2'Who is this that hides counsel without knowledge?' Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand, things 3too wonderful for me, which I did not know.
4 'Hear, and I will speak; 4I will question you, and you make it known to me.'
5 I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees you;
6 therefore I despise myself, and repent[a] in 5dust and ashes."

The Lord Rebukes Job's Friends

7 After the LORD had spoken these words to Job, the LORD said to Eliphaz 6the Temanite: "My anger burns against you and against your two friends, for you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has.
8 Now therefore take 7seven bulls and seven rams and go to my servant Job and 8offer up a burnt offering for yourselves. And my servant Job shall 9pray for you, for I will accept his prayer not to deal with you according to your folly. For you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has."
9 10So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went and did what the LORD had told them, and the LORD accepted Job's prayer.

The Lord Restores Job's Fortunes

10 And the LORD 11restored the fortunes of Job, when he had prayed for his friends. And the LORD gave Job 12twice as much as he had before.
11 Then came to him all his 13brothers and sisters and all who had 14known him before, and ate bread with him in his house. And they 15showed him sympathy and comforted him for all the evil[b] that the LORD had brought upon him. And each of them gave him 16a piece of money[c] and 17a ring of gold.
12 And the LORD blessed 18the latter days of Job more than his beginning. And he had 19 14,000 sheep, 6,000 camels, 1,000 yoke of oxen, and 1,000 female donkeys.
13 He had also 20seven sons and three daughters.
14 And he called the name of the first daughter Jemimah, and the name of the second Keziah, and the name of the third Keren-happuch.
15 And in all the land there were no women so beautiful as Job's daughters. And their father gave them an inheritance 21among their brothers.
16 And after this Job lived 140 years, and 22saw his sons, and his sons' sons, four generations.
17 And Job died, an old man, and 23full of days.

Job 42 Commentary

Chapter 42

Job humbly submits unto God. (1-6) Job intercedes for his friends. (7-9) His renewed prosperity. (10-17)

Verses 1-6 Job was now sensible of his guilt; he would no longer speak in his own excuse; he abhorred himself as a sinner in heart and life, especially for murmuring against God, and took shame to himself. When the understanding is enlightened by the Spirit of grace, our knowledge of Divine things as far exceeds what we had before, as the sight of the eyes excels report and common fame. By the teachings of men, God reveals his Son to us; but by the teachings of his Spirit he reveals his Son in us, ( Galatians 1:16 ) , and ( 2 Corinthians. 3:18 ) deeply humbled for the sins of which we are convinced. Self-loathing is ever the companion of true repentance. The Lord will bring those whom he loveth, to adore him in self-abasement; while true grace will always lead them to confess their sins without self-justifying.

Verses 7-9 After the Lord had convinced and humbled Job, and brought him to repentance, he owned him, comforted him, and put honour upon him. The devil had undertaken to prove Job a hypocrite, and his three friends had condemned him as a wicked man; but if God say, Well done, thou good and faithful servant, it is of little consequence who says otherwise. Job's friends had wronged God, by making prosperity a mark of the true church, and affliction a certain proof of God's wrath. Job had referred things to the future judgment and the future state, more than his friends, therefore he spake of God that which was right, better than his friends had done. And as Job prayed and offered sacrifice for those that had grieved and wounded his spirit, so Christ prayed for his persecutors, and ever lives, making intercession for the transgressors. Job's friends were good men, and belonged to God, and He would not let them be in their mistake any more than Job; but having humbled him by a discourse out of the whirlwind, he takes another way to humble them. They are not to argue the matter again, but they must agree in a sacrifice and a prayer, and that must reconcile them, Those who differ in judgment about lesser things, yet are one in Christ the great Sacrifice, and ought therefore to love and bear with one another. When God was angry with Job's friends, he put them in a way to make peace with him. Our quarrels with God always begin on our part, but the making peace begins on his. Peace with God is to be had only in his own way, and upon his own terms. These will never seem hard to those who know how to value this blessing: they will be glad of it, like Job's friends, upon any terms, though ever so humbling. Job did not insult over his friends, but God being graciously reconciled to him, he was easily reconciled to them. In all our prayers and services we should aim to be accepted of the Lord; not to have praise of men, but to please God.

Verses 10-17 In the beginning of this book we had Job's patience under his troubles, for an example; here, for our encouragement to follow that example, we have his happy end. His troubles began in Satan's malice, which God restrained; his restoration began in God's mercy, which Satan could not oppose. Mercy did not return when Job was disputing with his friends, but when he was praying for them. God is served and pleased with our warm devotions, not with our warm disputes. God doubled Job's possessions. We may lose much for the Lord, but we shall not lose any thing by him. Whether the Lord gives us health and temporal blessings or not, if we patiently suffer according to his will, in the end we shall be happy. Job's estate increased. The blessing of the Lord makes rich; it is he that gives us power to get wealth, and gives success in honest endeavours. The last days of a good man sometimes prove his best, his last works his best works, his last comforts his best comforts; for his path, like that of the morning light, shines more and more unto the perfect day.

Cross References 23

  • 1. Genesis 18:14; Matthew 19:26
  • 2. Job 38:2
  • 3. Psalms 40:5; Psalms 131:1; Psalms 139:6
  • 4. Job 38:3; Job 40:7
  • 5. [Job 30:19; Genesis 18:27]; See Job 2:8
  • 6. Job 2:11; 1 Chronicles 1:45
  • 7. Numbers 23:1; 1 Chronicles 15:26
  • 8. Job 1:5
  • 9. Genesis 20:7; 1 Samuel 12:23; James 5:16; 1 John 5:16
  • 10. Job 2:11
  • 11. See Psalms 14:7
  • 12. Isaiah 40:2; Isaiah 61:7
  • 13. Job 19:13
  • 14. Job 19:13
  • 15. Job 2:11
  • 16. Genesis 33:19; Joshua 24:32
  • 17. Genesis 24:22
  • 18. Job 8:7
  • 19. [ver. 10; Job 1:3]
  • 20. Job 1:2
  • 21. See Numbers 27:1-8
  • 22. Genesis 50:23; [Psalms 128:6; Isaiah 53:10]
  • 23. See Job 5:26

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Or and am comforted
  • [b]. Or disaster
  • [c]. Hebrew a qesitah; a unit of money of unknown value

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO JOB 42

This chapter contains Job's answer to the last speech of the Lord's, in which he acknowledges his omnipotence, and his certain performance of his purposes and pleasure; owns his own folly and ignorance, and confesses his sins; for which he abhorred himself, and of which he repented, Job 42:1-6; it also gives an account of the Lord's decision of the controversy between Job and his friends, blaming them and commending him above them; and ordered them to take sacrifices and go to Job and offer them, who should pray for them and be accepted, which was done, Job 42:7-9; and it closes with a relation of the great prosperity Job was restored unto, in which he lived and died, Job 42:10-17.

Job 42 Commentaries