John 19:41

41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a 1garden, and 2in the garden a new tomb 3in which no one had yet been laid.

John 19:41 Meaning and Commentary

John 19:41

Now in the place where he was crucified
Which takes in all that spot of ground that lay on that side of the city where he was crucified; or near to the place of his crucifixion, for it was not a garden in which he was crucified:

there was a garden;
all gardens, except rose gardens, were without the city, as has been observed, (See Gill on John 18:1). This, it seems, belonged to Joseph: rich men used to have their gardens without the city for their convenience and pleasure:

and in the garden a new sepulchre;
they might not bury within the city. Some chose to make their sepulchres in their gardens, to put them in mind of their mortality, when they took their walks there; so R. Dustai, R. Janhal, and R. Nehurai, were buried, (odrpb) , "in a garden", or orchard F6; and so were Manasseh and Amon, kings of Judah, ( 2 Kings 21:18 2 Kings 21:26 ) . Here Joseph had one, hewn out in a rock, for himself and family, and was newly made. The Jews distinguish between an old, and a new sepulchre; they say F7,

``(vdx rbq) , "a new sepulchre" may be measured and sold, and divided, but an old one might not be measured, nor sold, nor divided.''

Wherein was never man yet laid;
this is not improperly, nor impertinently added, though the evangelist had before said, that it was a new sepulchre; for that it might be, and yet bodies have been lain in it; for according to the Jewish canons F8,

``there is as a new sepulchre, which is an old one; and there is an old one, which is as a new one; an old sepulchre, in which lie ten dead bodies, which are not in the power of the owners, (vdx rbqk hzyrh) , "lo, this is as a new sepulchre".''

Now Christ was laid in such an one, where no man had been laid, that it might appear certainly that it was he, and not another, that was risen from the dead.


F6 Jechus haabot, p. 43. Ed. Hottinger.
F7 Massech. Sernacot, c. 24. fol. 16. 3.
F8 Ib.

John 19:41 In-Context

39 Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight.
40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.
41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.
42 So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.

Cross References 3

  • 1. [John 20:15]
  • 2. 2 Kings 21:18, 26
  • 3. Luke 23:53; [Mark 11:2]
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