Leviticus 19

Listen to Leviticus 19

The Lord Is Holy

1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Speak to all the congregation of the people of Israel and say to them, 1You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.
3 2Every one of you shall revere his mother and his father, and 3you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.
4 4Do not turn to idols 5or make for yourselves any gods of cast metal: I am the LORD your God.
5 6"When you offer a sacrifice of peace offerings to the LORD, you shall offer it so 7that you may be accepted.
6 It shall be eaten the same day you offer it or on the day after, and anything left over until the third day shall be burned up with fire.
7 If it is eaten at all on the third day, it is 8tainted; it will not be accepted,
8 and everyone who eats it shall 9bear his iniquity, because 10he has profaned what is holy to the LORD, and that person shall be cut off from his people.

Love Your Neighbor as Yourself

9 11"When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, neither shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest.
10 And you shall not strip your vineyard bare, neither shall you gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the LORD your God.
11 12"You shall not steal; 13you shall not deal falsely; you shall not lie to one another.
12 14You shall not swear by my name falsely, and so 15profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.
13 16"You shall not oppress your neighbor or rob him. 17The wages of a hired servant shall not remain with you all night until the morning.
14 18You shall not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block before the blind, but you shall 19fear your God: I am the LORD.
15 20"You shall do no injustice in court. You shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great, but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbor.
16 21You shall not go around as a slanderer among your people, and you shall not 22stand up against the life[a] of your neighbor: I am the LORD.
17 23"You shall not hate your brother in your heart, but 24you shall reason frankly with your neighbor, lest you 25incur sin because of him.
18 26You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but 27you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the LORD.

You Shall Keep My Statutes

19 28"You shall keep my statutes. You shall not let your cattle breed with a different kind. 29You shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor shall you wear a garment of cloth made of two kinds of material.
20 "If a man lies sexually with a woman who is a slave, assigned to another man and not yet ransomed or given her freedom, a distinction shall be made. They shall not be put to death, because she was not free;
21 but 30he shall bring his compensation to the LORD, to the entrance of the tent of meeting, a ram for a guilt offering.
22 And the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before the LORD for his sin that he has committed, and he shall be forgiven for the sin that he has committed.
23 "When you come into the land and plant any kind of tree for food, then you shall regard its fruit as forbidden.[b] Three years it shall be forbidden to you; it must not be eaten.
24 And in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, an offering of praise to the LORD.
25 But in the fifth year you may eat of its fruit, to increase its yield for you: I am the LORD your God.
26 31"You shall not eat any flesh with the blood in it. 32You shall not interpret omens or 33tell fortunes.
27 34You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard.
28 You shall not make any 35cuts on your body for the dead or tattoo yourselves: I am the LORD.
29 36"Do not profane your daughter by making her a prostitute, lest the land fall into prostitution and the land become full of depravity.
30 37You shall keep my Sabbaths and 38reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD.
31 39"Do not turn to mediums or necromancers; do not seek them out, and so make yourselves unclean by them: I am the LORD your God.
32 40"You shall stand up before the gray head and honor the face of an old man, and you shall 41fear your God: I am the LORD.
33 42"When a stranger sojourns with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.
34 43You shall treat the stranger who sojourns with you as the native among you, and 44you shall love him as yourself, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
35 45"You shall do no wrong in judgment, in measures of length or weight or quantity.
36 46You shall have just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin:[c] I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
37 And 47you shall observe all my statutes and all my rules, and do them: I am the LORD."

Cross References 47

  • 1. See Leviticus 11:44, 45
  • 2. See Exodus 20:12
  • 3. See Exodus 20:8
  • 4. Leviticus 26:1; 1 John 5:21; See Exodus 20:3-5
  • 5. Exodus 34:17; [Deuteronomy 27:15]
  • 6. See Leviticus 7:15-18
  • 7. Leviticus 1:3; Leviticus 22:19
  • 8. Leviticus 7:18
  • 9. See Leviticus 5:1
  • 10. Leviticus 22:15
  • 11. Leviticus 23:22; Deuteronomy 24:19-21; [Ruth 2:15, 16]
  • 12. See Exodus 20:15
  • 13. [Leviticus 6:2, 3; Ephesians 4:15, 25; Colossians 3:9]
  • 14. See Exodus 20:7
  • 15. See Leviticus 18:21
  • 16. Leviticus 6:2, 3
  • 17. Deuteronomy 24:14, 15; Malachi 3:5; [James 5:4]
  • 18. Deuteronomy 27:18
  • 19. ver. 32; Leviticus 25:17; Ecclesiastes 5:7; Ecclesiastes 12:13; 1 Peter 2:17
  • 20. Exodus 23:2, 3; Deuteronomy 1:17; Deuteronomy 16:19; Deuteronomy 27:19; Psalms 82:2; Proverbs 24:23; James 2:9; [2 Chronicles 19:6, 7]
  • 21. Proverbs 11:13; Proverbs 20:19
  • 22. Exodus 23:1, 7; [Matthew 26:60, 61]; See 1 Kings 21:10-13; Acts 6:11-13
  • 23. 1 John 2:9, 11; 1 John 3:15
  • 24. Proverbs 27:5, 6; Matthew 18:15; Luke 17:3; Galatians 6:1; Ephesians 5:11
  • 25. [Leviticus 22:16; Romans 1:32; 1 Timothy 5:22; 2 John 11]
  • 26. Proverbs 20:22; Romans 12:17, 19; Hebrews 10:30
  • 27. Matthew 5:43; Cited Matthew 19:19; Matthew 22:39; Mark 12:31; Luke 10:27; Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:14; James 2:8
  • 28. See Leviticus 18:4, 5
  • 29. Deuteronomy 22:9-11
  • 30. Leviticus 5:15; Leviticus 6:6, 7
  • 31. See Leviticus 3:17
  • 32. Deuteronomy 18:10; 2 Kings 17:17
  • 33. 2 Kings 21:6; 2 Chronicles 33:6
  • 34. Leviticus 21:5; [Isaiah 15:2; Jeremiah 9:26; Jeremiah 48:37]
  • 35. Leviticus 21:1, 4, 5; Deuteronomy 14:1; 1 Kings 18:28; Jeremiah 16:6; Jeremiah 41:5; Jeremiah 47:5; Jeremiah 48:37
  • 36. [Deuteronomy 23:17]
  • 37. ver. 3; Leviticus 26:2; See Exodus 20:8
  • 38. Ecclesiastes 5:1; [Matthew 21:12, 13; Mark 11:15-17; Luke 19:45, 46; John 2:14-16]
  • 39. Leviticus 20:6, 27; Deuteronomy 18:11; Isaiah 8:19; [Exodus 22:18; 1 Sam. 28:3, 7, 9; 1 Chronicles 10:13; Acts 16:16]
  • 40. Proverbs 20:29; [Lamentations 5:12]
  • 41. See ver. 14
  • 42. Exodus 22:21; Exodus 23:9; Malachi 3:5
  • 43. See Leviticus 16:29
  • 44. Deuteronomy 10:19; See ver. 18
  • 45. See ver. 15
  • 46. Deuteronomy 25:13, 15; Proverbs 11:1; Proverbs 16:11; Proverbs 20:10; Ezekiel 45:10; [Amos 8:5; Micah 6:11]
  • 47. See Leviticus 18:4, 5

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Hebrew blood
  • [b]. Hebrew as its uncircumcision
  • [c]. An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters; a hin was about 4 quarts or 3.5 liters

Leviticus 19 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.