Leviticus 2:13

13 You 1shall season all your grain offerings with salt. You shall not let the 2salt of the covenant with your God be missing from your grain offering; 3with all your offerings you shall offer salt.

Leviticus 2:13 Meaning and Commentary

Leviticus 2:13

And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season
with salt
Which makes food savoury, and preserves from putrefaction; denoting the savouriness and acceptableness of Christ as a meat offering to his people, he being savoury food, such as their souls love, as well as to God the Father, who is well pleased with his sacrifice; and also the perpetuity of his sacrifice, which always has the same virtue in it, and of him as a meat offering, who is that meat which endures to everlasting life, ( John 6:27 ) and also the grave and gracious conversation of those that by faith feed upon him, ( Mark 9:50 ) ( Colossians 4:6 )

neither shall thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be
lacking from thy meat offering;
this seems to suggest the reason why salt was used in meat offerings, and in all others, because it was a symbol of the perpetuity of the covenant, which from thence is called a covenant of salt, ( Numbers 18:19 ) namely, the covenant of the priesthood, to which these sacrifices belonged, ( Numbers 25:13 ) hence the Targum of Jonathan,

``because the twenty four gifts of the priests are decreed by the covenant of salt, therefore upon all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt:''

with all thine offerings thou shall offer salt,
even those that were not to be eaten, as well as those that were; as the burnt offering of the herd, of the flock, and of fowls, and their several parts; all were obliged to be salted that were offered, excepting wine, blood, wood, and incense F24; hence there was a room in the temple where salt was laid up for this purpose, called (xlm tkvl) , "the salt room" F25; and which was provided by the congregation, and not by a private person {z}; our Lord has reference to this law in ( Mark 9:49 ) the Heathens always made use of salt in their sacrifices F1.


F24 Maimon. Issure Mizbeach, c. 5. sect. 11.
F25 Misn. Middot, c. 5. sect. 2.
F26 Maimon. Issure Mizbeach, c. 5. sect. 13.
F1 Ante Deos Homini Ovid. Fastor. l. 1. Vid. Horat. Carmin. l. 3. Ode 23.

Leviticus 2:13 In-Context

11 "No grain offering that you bring to the LORD shall be made with leaven, for you shall burn no leaven nor any honey as a food offering to the LORD.
12 As an offering of firstfruits you may bring them to the LORD, but they shall not be offered on the altar for a pleasing aroma.
13 You shall season all your grain offerings with salt. You shall not let the salt of the covenant with your God be missing from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.
14 "If you offer a grain offering of firstfruits to the LORD, you shall offer for the grain offering of your firstfruits fresh ears, roasted with fire, crushed new grain.
15 And you shall put oil on it and lay frankincense on it; it is a grain offering.

Cross References 3

  • 1. Colossians 4:6
  • 2. Numbers 18:19; [2 Chronicles 13:5]
  • 3. Ezekiel 43:24
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.