Leviticus 6

Listen to Leviticus 6
1 [a] The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "If anyone sins and 1commits a breach of faith against the LORD by 2deceiving his neighbor in 3a matter of deposit or security, or through robbery, or 4if he has oppressed his neighbor
3 or 5has found something lost and lied about it, 6swearing falsely--in any of all the things that people do and sin thereby--
4 if he has sinned and has realized his guilt and will restore 7what he took by robbery or what he got by oppression or the deposit that was committed to him or the lost thing that he found
5 or anything about which he has sworn falsely, he shall 8restore it in full and shall add a fifth to it, and give it to him to whom it belongs on the day he realizes his guilt.
6 And he shall bring to the priest as his compensation to the LORD 9a ram without blemish out of the flock, or its equivalent for a guilt offering.
7 10And the priest shall make atonement for him before the LORD, and he shall be forgiven for any of the things that one may do and thereby become guilty."

The Priests and the Offerings

8 [b] The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
9 "Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering. The burnt offering shall be on the hearth on the altar all night until the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be kept burning on it.
10 And 11the priest shall put on his linen garment and put his linen undergarment on his body, and he shall take up the ashes to which the fire has reduced the burnt offering on the altar and put them 12beside the altar.
11 Then 13he shall take off his garments and put on other garments and carry the ashes 14outside the camp to a clean place.
12 The fire on the altar shall be kept burning on it; it shall not go out. The priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and he shall arrange the burnt offering on it and shall burn on it 15the fat of the peace offerings.
13 Fire shall be kept burning on the altar continually; it shall not go out.
14 "And this is the law of 16the grain offering. The sons of Aaron shall offer it before the LORD in front of the altar.
15 And one shall take from it a handful of the fine flour of the grain offering and its oil and all the frankincense that is on the grain offering and burn this as its 17memorial portion on the altar, a pleasing aroma to the LORD.
16 And 18the rest of it Aaron and his sons shall eat. It shall be eaten unleavened 19in a holy place. In the court of the tent of meeting they shall eat it.
17 20It shall not be baked with leaven. 21I have given it as their portion of my food offerings. 22It is a thing most holy, like the sin offering and the guilt offering.
18 Every male among the children of Aaron may eat of it, as decreed forever throughout your generations, from the LORD's food offerings. Whatever touches them shall become holy."
19 The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
20 23"This is the offering that Aaron and his sons shall offer to the LORD on the day when he is anointed: a 24tenth of an ephah[c] of fine flour as a regular grain offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.
21 It shall be made with oil 25on a griddle. You shall bring it 26well mixed, in baked[d] pieces like a grain offering, and offer it for a pleasing aroma to the LORD.
22 The priest from among Aaron's sons, who is anointed to succeed him, shall offer it to the LORD as decreed forever. 27The whole of it shall be burned.
23 Every grain offering of a priest shall be wholly burned. It shall not be eaten."
24 The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
25 "Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, 28This is the law of the sin offering. 29In the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed before the LORD; 30it is most holy.
26 31The priest who offers it for sin shall eat it. 32In a holy place it shall be eaten, in the court of the tent of meeting.
27 Whatever touches its flesh shall be holy, and when any of its blood is splashed on a garment, you shall wash that on which it was splashed in a holy place.
28 And 33the earthenware vessel in which it is boiled 34shall be broken. But if it is boiled in a bronze vessel, that shall be scoured and rinsed in water.
29 Every male among the priests may eat of it; 35it is most holy.
30 36But no sin offering shall be eaten from which any blood is brought into the tent of meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place; it shall be burned up with fire.

Leviticus 6 Commentary

Chapter 6

Concerning trespasses against our neighbour. (1-7) Concerning the burnt-offering. (8-13) Concerning the meat-offering. (14-23) Concerning the sin-offering. (24-30)

Verses 1-7 Though all the instances relate to our neighbour, yet it is called a trespass against the Lord. Though the person injured be mean, and even despicable, yet the injury reflects upon that God who has made the command of loving our neighbour next to that of loving himself. Human laws make a difference as to punishments; but all methods of doing wrong to others, are alike violations of the Divine law, even keeping what is found, when the owner can be discovered. Frauds are generally accompanied with lies, often with false oaths. If the offender would escape the vengeance of God, he must make ample restitution, according to his power, and seek forgiveness by faith in that one Offering which taketh away the sin of the world. The trespasses here mentioned, still are trespasses against the law of Christ, which insists as much upon justice and truth, as the law of nature, or the law of Moses.

Verses 8-13 The daily sacrifice of a lamb is chiefly referred to. The priest must take care of the fire upon the altar. The first fire upon the altar came from heaven, ch. 9:24 ; by keeping that up continually, all their sacrifices might be said to be consumed with the fire from heaven, in token of God's acceptance. Thus should the fire of our holy affections, the exercise of our faith and love, of prayer and praise, be without ceasing.

Verses 14-23 The law of the burnt-offerings put upon the priests a great deal of care and work; the flesh was wholly burnt, and the priests had nothing but the skin. But most of the meat-offering was their own. It is God's will that his ministers should be provided with what is needful.

Verses 24-30 The blood of the sin-offering was to be washed out of the clothes on which it should happen to be sprinkled, which signified the regard we ought to have to the blood of Christ, not counting it a common thing. The vessel in which the flesh of the sin-offering was boiled must be broken, if it were an earthen one; but if a brazen one, well washed. This showed that the defilement was not wholly taken away by the offering; but the blood of Christ thoroughly cleanses from all sin. All these rules set forth the polluting nature of sin, and the removal of guilt from the sinner to the sacrifice. Behold and wonder at Christ's love, in that he was content to be made a sin-offering for us, and so to procure our pardon for continual sins and failings. He that knew no sin was made sin (that is, a ( 2 Corinthians. 5:21 ) only pardon, but power also, against sin, ( Romans 8:3 ) .

Cross References 36

  • 1. Numbers 5:6
  • 2. Leviticus 19:11
  • 3. Exodus 22:7, 10
  • 4. Leviticus 19:13; Micah 2:2
  • 5. Exodus 23:4; Deuteronomy 22:1-3
  • 6. Leviticus 19:12; Exodus 22:11
  • 7. [See ver. 2 above]
  • 8. Numbers 5:7; [Leviticus 5:16; 2 Samuel 12:6; Luke 19:8]
  • 9. Leviticus 5:15, 18
  • 10. See Leviticus 4:26
  • 11. Leviticus 16:4; Ezekiel 44:18; See Exodus 28:39-43
  • 12. Leviticus 1:16
  • 13. Leviticus 16:23; Ezekiel 42:14; Ezekiel 44:19
  • 14. See Leviticus 4:12
  • 15. Leviticus 3:3, 9, 14
  • 16. Leviticus 2:1; Numbers 15:4
  • 17. Leviticus 2:2, 9
  • 18. Leviticus 2:3, 10; Ezekiel 44:29; [1 Corinthians 9:13]
  • 19. ver. 26; Leviticus 10:12, 13
  • 20. Leviticus 2:11
  • 21. Numbers 18:9
  • 22. ver. 25, 29; Leviticus 2:3; Leviticus 7:1
  • 23. Exodus 29:1, 2
  • 24. Leviticus 5:11; Exodus 16:36
  • 25. Leviticus 2:5; Leviticus 7:9
  • 26. Leviticus 7:12
  • 27. Exodus 29:25
  • 28. See Leviticus 4
  • 29. Leviticus 1:3, 5, 11; Leviticus 4:24, 29, 33; [Leviticus 7:2]
  • 30. ver. 17, 29
  • 31. Leviticus 10:17, 18; Numbers 18:9, 19; Ezekiel 44:27-29
  • 32. ver. 16
  • 33. Leviticus 11:32, 33; Leviticus 15:12
  • 34. [Leviticus 11:33; Leviticus 15:12]
  • 35. [See ver. 25 above]
  • 36. Leviticus 4:7, 11, 12, 18, 21; Leviticus 16:27; Hebrews 13:11; [ver. 26, 29; Leviticus 10:18]

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. Ch 5:20 in Hebrew
  • [b]. Ch 6:1 in Hebrew
  • [c]. An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters
  • [d]. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain

Chapter Summary


This chapter treats of the trespass offering for sins committed knowingly and wilfully, Le 6:1-7 and of the law of the burnt offering, and of cleansing the altar of burnt offering, and keeping the fire burning on it continually, Le 6:8-13 and of the meat offering, which is repeated with some additional circumstances, Le 6:14-18 and of the offering at the consecration of the high priest, Le 6:19-23 and of the sin offering, and where to be killed and eaten, and by whom, Le 6:24-30.

Leviticus 6 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.