Luke 21:25

The Coming of the Son of Man

25 "And 1there will be signs in sun and moon 2and stars, and on the earth 3distress of nations in perplexity because of the roaring of the sea and the waves,

Luke 21:25 Meaning and Commentary

Luke 21:25

And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon
They shall be darkened, and suffer very strange and surprising eclipses:

and in the stars;
they shall fall from heaven, as in ( Matthew 24:29 ) and so the Ethiopic version reads here: all which, as it may be understood in a literal sense, so it may likewise in figurative and mystical one, and be interpreted of the changes there should be in the Jewish state; (See Gill on Matthew 24:29). So the Jewish writers


F8 interpret the sun, the light, the moon, and stars, in ( Ecclesiastes 12:2 ) . By the "sun" they understand the kingdom of the house of David; by "the light", the law; by "the moon", the sanhedrim; and by the stars, the Rabbins; and the same seem to be designed by the stars here:

and upon the earth distress of nations;
upon the land of Israel; in the several nations and countries belonging to it; as Galilee of the nations, Judea, and the region beyond Jordan, shall be in great distress:

with perplexity;
of mind, not knowing what to do, which way to go, or step to take; the Syriac version, instead of it, reads "clapping, or pressing of the hands"; which is done by persons, when in an agony and great distress:

the sea and the waves roaring;
which design some unusual and extraordinary storms and tempests, and inundations in the sea of Galilee, or Tiberias, which would be so very terrible, as to cause great uneasiness, distress, and perplexity; and so some versions render it, "because of the sea"

F8 In Prefat. Echa Rabbati, fol. 38. 4. Jarchi in Eccles. xii. 2.

Luke 21:25 In-Context

23 Alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! For there will be great distress upon the earth and wrath against this people.
24 They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
25 "And there will be signs in sun and moon and stars, and on the earth distress of nations in perplexity because of the roaring of the sea and the waves,
26 people fainting with fear and with foreboding of what is coming on the world. For the powers of the heavens will be shaken.
27 And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.

Cross References 3

  • 1. Isaiah 13:10; Isaiah 24:23; Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10, 31; Joel 3:15; Acts 2:20; [Amos 5:20; Amos 8:9; Zephaniah 1:15; Revelation 6:12; Revelation 8:12]
  • 2. Revelation 6:13; [Isaiah 14:12; Isaiah 34:4]
  • 3. [Psalms 65:7]