Psalms 109

Listen to Psalms 109
1 1Be not silent, O 2God of my praise!
2 For wicked and 3deceitful mouths are opened against me, speaking against me with lying tongues.
3 They encircle me with words of hate, and attack me 4without cause.
4 In return for my love they 5accuse me, but I 6give myself to prayer.[a]
5 So they 7reward me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
6 8Appoint a wicked man 9against him; let an accuser stand 10at his right hand.
7 When he is tried, let him come forth guilty; let his 11prayer be counted as sin!
8 May his 12days be few; may 13another take his 14office!
9 May his 15children be fatherless and his wife a widow!
10 May his children 16wander about and beg, 17seeking food far from the ruins they inhabit!
11 May 18the creditor seize all that he has; may 19strangers plunder the fruits of his toil!
12 Let there be none to 20extend kindness to him, nor any to 21pity his fatherless children!
13 May his 22posterity be cut off; may his 23name be blotted out in the second generation!
14 May 24the iniquity of his fathers be remembered before the LORD, and let not the sin of his mother be 25blotted out!
15 26Let them be before the LORD continually, that he may 27cut off the memory of them from the earth!
16 For he did not remember to show kindness, but pursued 28the poor and needy and 29the brokenhearted, to put them to death.
17 30He loved to curse; let curses come[b] upon him! He did not delight in blessing; may it be far[c] from him!
18 He 31clothed himself with cursing as his coat; may it 32soak[d] into his body like water, like oil into his bones!
19 May it be like a garment that he wraps around him, like a belt that he puts on every day!
20 May this be the reward of my 33accusers from the LORD, of those who speak evil against my life!
21 But you, O GOD my Lord, deal on my behalf 34for your name's sake; because your 35steadfast love is good, deliver me!
22 For I am 36poor and needy, and my heart is stricken within me.
23 I am gone like 37a shadow at evening; I am 38shaken off like a locust.
24 My knees are weak 39through fasting; my 40body has become gaunt, with no fat.
25 I am 41an object of scorn to my accusers; when they see me, they 42wag their heads.
26 43Help me, O LORD my God! Save me according to your steadfast love!
27 Let them 44know that this is your hand; you, O LORD, have done it!
28 45Let them curse, but you will bless! They arise and are put to shame, but 46your servant will be glad!
29 May my accusers be 47clothed with dishonor; may they 48be wrapped in their own shame as in a cloak!
30 With my mouth I will give great thanks to the LORD; I will 49praise him in the midst of the throng.
31 For he stands 50at the right hand of the needy one, to save him from those who condemn his soul to death.

Psalms 109 Commentary

Chapter 109

David complains of his enemies. (1-5) He prophesies their destruction. (6-20) Prayers and praises. (21-31)

1-5. It is the unspeakable comfort of all believers, that whoever is against them, God is for them; and to him they may apply as to one pleased to concern himself for them. David's enemies laughed at him for his devotion, but they could not laugh him out of it.

Verses 6-20 The Lord Jesus may speak here as a Judge, denouncing sentence on some of his enemies, to warn others. When men reject the salvation of Christ, even their prayers are numbered among their sins. See what hurries some to shameful deaths, and brings the families and estates of others to ruin; makes them and theirs despicable and hateful, and brings poverty, shame, and misery upon their posterity: it is sin, that mischievous, destructive thing. And what will be the effect of the sentence, "Go, ye cursed," upon the bodies and souls of the wicked! How it will affect the senses of the body, and the powers of the soul, with pain, anguish, horror, and despair! Think on these things, sinners, tremble and repent.

Verses 21-31 The psalmist takes God's comforts to himself, but in a very humble manner. He was troubled in mind. His body was wasted, and almost worn away. But it is better to have leanness in the body, while the soul prospers and is in health, than to have leanness in the soul, while the body is feasted. He was ridiculed and reproached by his enemies. But if God bless us, we need not care who curses us; for how can they curse whom God has not cursed; nay, whom he has blessed? He pleads God's glory, and the honour of his name. Save me, not according to my merit, for I pretend to none, but according to thy-mercy. He concludes with the joy of faith, in assurance that his present conflicts would end in triumphs. Let all that suffer according to the will of God, commit the keeping of their souls to him. Jesus, unjustly put to death, and now risen again, is an Advocate and Intercessor for his people, ever ready to appear on their behalf against a corrupt world, and the great accuser.

Cross References 50

  • 1. See Psalms 28:1
  • 2. Deuteronomy 10:21; [Psalms 71:6; Jeremiah 17:14]
  • 3. Psalms 52:4
  • 4. See Psalms 69:4
  • 5. Psalms 38:20
  • 6. [Psalms 69:13]
  • 7. See Psalms 35:12
  • 8. For ver. 6-15, see Psalms 35:4-8; Psalms 69:22-28
  • 9. [1 Chronicles 21:1; Zechariah 3:1]
  • 10. Job 30:12
  • 11. Proverbs 28:9; [Proverbs 15:8; Proverbs 21:27]
  • 12. [Psalms 55:23]
  • 13. Cited Acts 1:20
  • 14. Numbers 4:16; [1 Chronicles 24:3]
  • 15. Exodus 22:24
  • 16. [Genesis 4:12]; See Psalms 59:15
  • 17. [Psalms 37:25]
  • 18. [Deuteronomy 28:43, 44]
  • 19. [Deuteronomy 28:43, 44]
  • 20. [Psalms 36:10]
  • 21. [Job 5:4]
  • 22. See Psalms 21:10
  • 23. Proverbs 10:7
  • 24. Exodus 20:5
  • 25. Nehemiah 4:5; Jeremiah 18:23
  • 26. [Psalms 90:8]
  • 27. Psalms 34:16
  • 28. ver. 22; Psalms 40:17
  • 29. See Psalms 34:18
  • 30. [Proverbs 14:14; Ezekiel 35:6]
  • 31. [ver. 29; Psalms 73:6]
  • 32. [Numbers 5:22]
  • 33. ver. 6, 29
  • 34. [Jeremiah 14:7]; See Psalms 23:3
  • 35. Psalms 69:16; [Psalms 63:3]
  • 36. ver. 16
  • 37. See Psalms 102:11
  • 38. Exodus 10:19; [Nehemiah 5:13; Job 38:13]
  • 39. Psalms 35:13
  • 40. [Job 16:8]
  • 41. Psalms 22:6; Psalms 69:19
  • 42. See Psalms 22:7
  • 43. Psalms 119:86
  • 44. [Job 37:7]
  • 45. [2 Samuel 16:12]
  • 46. [Isaiah 65:14]
  • 47. ver. 18; See Job 8:22
  • 48. Psalms 71:13; [Psalms 35:26]
  • 49. [Psalms 22:25]
  • 50. ver. 6; See Psalms 16:8

Footnotes 4

  • [a]. Hebrew but I am prayer
  • [b]. Revocalization; Masoretic Text curses have come
  • [c]. Revocalization; Masoretic Text it is far
  • [d]. Revocalization; Masoretic Text it has soaked

Chapter Summary

Psalms 109 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.