Psalms 51

Listen to Psalms 51
1 1Have mercy on me,[a] O God, according to your steadfast love; according to your 2abundant mercy 3blot out my transgressions.
2 4Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and 5cleanse me from my sin!
3 6For I know my transgressions, and my sin is ever before me.
4 7Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil 8in your sight, 9so that you may be justified in your words and blameless in your judgment.
5 Behold, 10I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me.
6 Behold, you delight in truth in 11the inward being, and you teach me wisdom in the secret heart.
7 Purge me 12with hyssop, and I shall be clean; 13wash me, and I shall be 14whiter than snow.
8 Let me hear joy and gladness; 15let the bones 16that you have broken rejoice.
9 17Hide your face from my sins, and 18blot out all my iniquities.
10 19Create in me a 20clean heart, O God, and 21renew a right[b] spirit within me.
11 22Cast me not away from your presence, and take not 23your Holy Spirit from me.
12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation, and uphold me with a willing spirit.
13 Then I will teach transgressors your ways, and sinners will 24return to you.
14 Deliver me from 25bloodguiltiness, O God, O 26God of my salvation, and 27my tongue will sing aloud of your 28righteousness.
15 O Lord, open my lips, and my mouth will declare your praise.
16 29For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would give it; you will not be pleased with a burnt offering.
17 The sacrifices of God are 30a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.
18 31Do good to Zion in your good pleasure; 32build up the walls of Jerusalem;
19 then will you delight in 33right sacrifices, in burnt offerings and 34whole burnt offerings; then bulls will be offered on your altar.

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Psalms 51 Commentary

Chapter 51

The psalmist prays for mercy, humbly confessing and lamenting his sins. (1-6) He pleads for pardon, that he may promote the glory of God and the conversion of sinners. (7-15) God is pleased with a contrite heart, A prayer for the prosperity of Zion. (16-19)

Verses 1-6 David, being convinced of his sin, poured out his soul to God in prayer for mercy and grace. Whither should backsliding children return, but to the Lord their God, who alone can heal them? he drew up, by Divine teaching, an account of the workings of his heart toward God. Those that truly repent of their sins, will not be ashamed to own their repentance. Also, he instructs others what to do, and what to say. David had not only done much, but suffered much in the cause of God; yet he flees to God's infinite mercy, and depends upon that alone for pardon and peace. He begs the pardon of sin. The blood of Christ, sprinkled upon the conscience, blots out the transgression, and, having reconciled us to God, reconciles us to ourselves. The believer longs to have the whole debt of his sins blotted out, and every stain cleansed; he would be thoroughly washed from all his sins; but the hypocrite always has some secret reserve, and would have some favorite lust spared. David had such a deep sense of his sin, that he was continually thinking of it, with sorrow and shame. His sin was committed against God, whose truth we deny by wilful sin; with him we deal deceitfully. And the truly penitent will ever trace back the streams of actual sin to the fountain of original depravity. He confesses his original corruption. This is that foolishness which is bound in the heart of a child, that proneness to evil, and that backwardness to good, which is the burden of the regenerate, and the ruin of the unregenerate. He is encouraged, in his repentance, to hope that God would graciously accept him. Thou desirest truth in the inward part; to this God looks, in a returning sinner. Where there is truth, God will give wisdom. Those who sincerely endeavour to do their duty shall be taught their duty; but they will expect good only from Divine grace overcoming their corrupt nature.

Verses 7-15 Purge me with hyssop, with the blood of Christ applied to my soul by a lively faith, as the water of purification was sprinkled with a bunch of hyssop. The blood of Christ is called the blood of sprinkling, ( Hebrews 12:24 ) . If this blood of Christ, which cleanses from all sin, cleanse us from our sin, then we shall be clean indeed, ( Hebrews 10:2 ) . He asks not to be comforted, till he is first cleansed; if sin, the bitter root of sorrow, be taken away, he can pray in faith, Let me have a well-grounded peace, of thy creating, so that the bones broken by convictions may rejoice, may be comforted. Hide thy face from my sins; blot out all mine iniquities out of thy book; blot them out, as a cloud is blotted out and dispelled by the beams of the sun. And the believer desires renewal to holiness as much as the joy of salvation. David now saw, more than ever, what an unclean heart he had, and sadly laments it; but he sees it is not in his own power to amend it, and therefore begs God would create in him a clean heart. When the sinner feels this change is necessary, and reads the promise of God to that purpose, he begins to ask it. He knew he had by his sin grieved the Holy Spirit, and provoked him to withdraw. This he dreads more than anything. He prays that Divine comforts may be restored to him. When we give ourselves cause to doubt our interest in salvation, how can we expect the joy of it? This had made him weak; he prays, I am ready to fall, either into sin or into despair, therefore uphold me with thy Spirit. Thy Spirit is a free Spirit, a free Agent himself, working freely. And the more cheerful we are in our duty, the more constant we shall be to it. What is this but the liberty wherewith Christ makes his people free, which is contrasted with the yoke of bondage? ( Galatians 5:1 ) . It is the Spirit of adoption spoken to the heart. Those to whom God is the God of salvation, he will deliver from guilt; for the salvation he is the God of, is salvation from sin. We may therefore plead with him, Lord, thou art the God of my salvation, therefore deliver me from the dominion of sin. And when the lips are opened, what should they speak but the praises of God for his forgiving mercy?

Verses 16-19 Those who are thoroughly convinced of their misery and danger by sin, would spare no cost to obtain the remission of it. But as they cannot make satisfaction for sin, so God cannot take any satisfaction in them, otherwise than as expressing love and duty to him. The good work wrought in every true penitent, is a broken spirit, a broken and a contrite heart, and sorrow for sin. It is a heart that is tender, and pliable to God's word. Oh that there were such a heart in every one of us! God is graciously pleased to accept this; it is instead of all burnt-offering and sacrifice. The broken heart is acceptable to God only through Jesus Christ; there is no true repentance without faith in him. Men despise that which is broken, but God will not. He will not overlook it, he will not refuse or reject it; though it makes God no satisfaction for the wrong done to him by sin. Those who have been in spiritual troubles, know how to pity and pray for others afflicted in like manner. David was afraid lest his sin should bring judgements upon the city and kingdom. No personal fears or troubles of conscience can make the soul, which has received grace, careless about the interests of the church of God. And let this be the continued joy of all the redeemed, that they have redemption through the blood of Christ, the forgiveness of sins according to the riches of his grace.

Cross References 34

  • 1. See Psalms 4:1
  • 2. See Psalms 106:45
  • 3. ver. 9; Isaiah 43:25; Isaiah 44:22; Acts 3:19; Colossians 2:14
  • 4. ver. 7; Isaiah 1:16; Jeremiah 4:14; Malachi 3:3; Acts 22:16
  • 5. Hebrews 9:14; 1 John 1:7, 9; [Leviticus 13:6]
  • 6. Psalms 32:5; [Proverbs 28:13]
  • 7. Genesis 20:6; Genesis 39:9; 2 Samuel 12:13; [1 Corinthians 8:12]
  • 8. Luke 15:18, 21
  • 9. Cited Romans 3:4
  • 10. Romans 5:12, 19; Ephesians 2:3; See Job 14:4; Job 15:14
  • 11. Job 38:36
  • 12. Exodus 12:22; Leviticus 14:4; Numbers 19:18; Hebrews 9:19
  • 13. [See ver. 2 above]
  • 14. Isaiah 1:18
  • 15. Psalms 35:10
  • 16. Psalms 44:19; Isaiah 38:13
  • 17. Jeremiah 16:17
  • 18. [See ver. 1 above]
  • 19. 1 Samuel 10:9; Jeremiah 24:7; Ezekiel 11:19; Ezekiel 36:26; Ephesians 4:23, 24
  • 20. Psalms 24:4; Matthew 5:8; Acts 15:9
  • 21. Lamentations 5:21
  • 22. Psalms 102:10; 2 Kings 13:23; 2 Kings 17:20; 2 Kings 24:20; Jeremiah 7:15
  • 23. Romans 8:9; Ephesians 4:30
  • 24. [Luke 22:32]
  • 25. 2 Samuel 11:17; 2 Samuel 12:9
  • 26. Psalms 24:5
  • 27. Psalms 35:28; Psalms 71:8, 15, 24
  • 28. [1 John 1:9]
  • 29. See Psalms 40:6
  • 30. See Psalms 34:18
  • 31. [Psalms 69:35; Psalms 122:6]
  • 32. Psalms 147:2
  • 33. Psalms 4:5; [Malachi 3:3]
  • 34. Deuteronomy 33:10

Footnotes 2

Chapter Summary

To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba. The occasion of this psalm was the sin of David with Bathsheba, signified by "going in to her"; an euphemism for "lying with her"; which sin was a very aggravated one, she being another man's wife, and the wife of a servant and soldier of his, who was at the same time exposing his life for his king and country's good; and David besides had many wives, and was also king of Israel, and should have set a better example to his subjects; and it was followed with other sins, as the murder of Uriah, and the death of several others; with scandal to religion, and with security and impenitence in him for a long time, until Nathan the prophet was sent to him of God, to awaken him to a sense of his sin; which he immediately acknowledged, and showed true repentance for it: upon which, either while Nathan was present, or after he was gone, he penned this psalm; that it might remain on record, as a testification of his repentance, and for the instruction of such as should fall into sin, how to behave, where to apply, and for their comfort. The history of all this may be seen in the eleventh and twelfth chapters of the second book of Samuel.

Psalms 51 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.