Revelation 14

Listen to Revelation 14

The Lamb and the 144,000

1 Then I looked, and behold, on 1Mount Zion 2stood the Lamb, and with him 3 144,000 who 4had his name and his Father's name written 5on their foreheads.
2 And I heard a voice from heaven 6like the roar of many waters and 7like the sound of loud thunder. The voice I heard was like the sound of 8harpists playing on their harps,
3 and they were singing 9a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and before the elders. 10No one could learn that song except the 144,000 who had been redeemed from the earth.
4 It is these who have not defiled themselves with women, for 11they are virgins. It is these 12who follow the Lamb wherever he goes. These have been redeemed from mankind as 13firstfruits for God and the Lamb,
5 and 14in their mouth no lie was found, for they are 15blameless.

The Messages of the Three Angels

6 Then I saw another angel 16flying directly overhead, with an eternal gospel to proclaim to 17those who dwell on earth, to every nation and tribe and language and people.
7 And he said with a loud voice, 18"Fear God and 19give him glory, because the hour of his judgment has come, and 20worship him who made heaven and earth, the sea and the 21springs of water."
8 Another angel, a second, followed, saying, 22"Fallen, fallen is 23Babylon the great, 24she who made all nations drink 25the wine of the passion[a] of her sexual immorality."
9 And another angel, a third, followed them, saying with a loud voice, "If anyone 26worships the beast and its image and receives 27a mark on his forehead or on his hand,
10 he also will drink 28the wine of God's wrath, 29poured full strength into the cup of his anger, and 30he will be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.
11 And 31the smoke of their torment goes up forever and ever, and 32they have no rest, day or night, these 33worshipers of the beast and its image, and whoever receives the mark of its name."
12 34Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who 35keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus.[b]
13 And I heard a voice from heaven saying, "Write this: 36Blessed are the dead 37who die in the Lord from now on.""Blessed indeed," says the Spirit, 38"that they may rest from their labors, for their deeds follow them!"

The Harvest of the Earth

14 Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and seated on the cloud one 39like a son of man, 40with a golden crown on his head, and a sharp sickle in his hand.
15 And another angel 41came out of the temple, calling with a loud voice to him who sat on the cloud, 42"Put in your sickle, and reap, for the hour to reap has come, for 43the harvest of the earth is fully ripe."
16 So he who sat on the cloud swung his sickle across the earth, and the earth was reaped.
17 Then another angel came out of the temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle.
18 And another angel came out from the altar, 44the angel who has authority over the fire, and he called with a loud voice to the one who had the sharp sickle, "Put in your sickle and gather the clusters from the vine of the earth, 45for its grapes are ripe."
19 So the angel swung his sickle across the earth and gathered the grape harvest of the earth and threw it into the great 46winepress of the wrath of God.
20 And 47the winepress was trodden 48outside the city, and blood flowed from the winepress, as high as 49a horse's bridle, for 1,600 stadia.[c]

Revelation 14 Commentary

Chapter 14

Those faithful to Christ celebrate the praises of God. (1-5) Three angels; one proclaiming the everlasting gospel; another, the downfal of Babylon; and a third, the dreadful wrath of God on the worshippers of the beast. The blessedness of those who die in the Lord. (6-13) A vision of Christ with a sickle, and of a harvest ripe for cutting down. (14-16) The emblem of a vintage fully ripe, trodden in the wine-press of God's wrath. (17-20)

Verses 1-5 Mount Sion is the gospel church. Christ is with his church, and in the midst of her in all her troubles, therefore she is not consumed. His presence secures perseverance. His people appear honourably. They have the name of God written in their foreheads; they make a bold and open profession of their faith in God and Christ, and this is followed by suitable actings. There were persons in the darkest times, who ventured and laid down their lives for the worship and truth of the gospel of Christ. They kept themselves clean from the wicked abominations of the followers of antichrist. Their hearts were right with God; and they were freely pardoned in Christ; he is glorified in them, and they in him. May it be our prayer, our endeavour, our ambition, to be found in this honourable company. Those who are really sanctified and justified are meant here, for no hypocrite, however plausible, can be accounted to be without fault before God.

Verses 6-13 The progress of the Reformation appears to be here set forth. The four proclamations are plain in their meaning; that all Christians may be encouraged, in the time of trial, to be faithful to their Lord. The gospel is the great means whereby men are brought to fear God, and to give glory to him. The preaching of the everlasting gospel shakes the foundations of antichrist in the world, and hastens its downfal. If any persist in being subject to the beast, and in promoting his cause, they must expect to be for ever miserable in soul and body. The believer is to venture or suffer any thing in obeying the commandments of God, and professing the faith of Jesus. May God bestow this patience upon us. Observe the description of those that are and shall be blessed: such as die in the Lord; die in the cause of Christ, in a state of union with Christ; such as are found in Christ when death comes. They rest from all sin, temptation, sorrow, and persecution; for there the wicked cease from troubling, there the weary are at rest. Their works follow them: do not go before as their title, or purchase, but follow them as proofs of their having lived and died in the Lord: the remembrance of them will be pleasant, and the reward far above all their services and sufferings. This is made sure by the testimony of the Spirit, witnessing with their spirits, and the written word.

Verses 14-20 Warnings and judgments not having produced reformation, the sins of the nations are filled up, and they become ripe for judgments, represented by a harvest, an emblem which is used to signify the gathering of the righteous, when ripe for heaven, by the mercy of God. The harvest time is when the corn is ripe; when the believers are ripe for heaven, then the wheat of the earth shall be gathered into Christ's garner. And by a vintage. The enemies of Christ and his church are not destroyed, till by their sin they are ripe for ruin, and then he will spare them no longer. The wine-press is the wrath of God, some terrible calamity, probably the sword, shedding the blood of the wicked. The patience of God towards sinners, is the greatest miracle in the world; but, though lasting, it will not be everlasting; and ripeness in sin is a sure proof of judgment at hand.

Cross References 49

  • 1. Psalms 2:6; Hebrews 12:22
  • 2. See Revelation 5:6
  • 3. Revelation 7:4
  • 4. Revelation 3:12
  • 5. Revelation 7:3
  • 6. See Revelation 1:15
  • 7. Revelation 6:1; Revelation 19:6
  • 8. Revelation 5:8; Revelation 15:2
  • 9. Revelation 5:9
  • 10. [Revelation 2:17; Revelation 19:12]
  • 11. 2 Corinthians 11:2
  • 12. [Revelation 3:4; Revelation 17:14]
  • 13. James 1:18
  • 14. Zephaniah 3:13; [Psalms 32:2; Isaiah 63:8; John 1:47]
  • 15. See Jude 24
  • 16. Revelation 8:13
  • 17. [Revelation 3:10]
  • 18. Revelation 15:4
  • 19. See Revelation 11:13
  • 20. Nehemiah 9:6; See Revelation 4:11
  • 21. Revelation 8:10; Revelation 16:4
  • 22. Revelation 18:2; Isaiah 21:9; Jeremiah 51:8
  • 23. Revelation 16:19; Revelation 17:5; Revelation 18:10; [Daniel 4:30]
  • 24. Jeremiah 51:7
  • 25. Revelation 18:3
  • 26. See Revelation 13:15
  • 27. Revelation 13:16
  • 28. Revelation 16:19; See Job 21:20
  • 29. [Revelation 18:6; Isaiah 1:22]
  • 30. Revelation 20:10
  • 31. Isaiah 34:10; [Revelation 18:18; Revelation 19:3; Genesis 19:28]
  • 32. Revelation 4:8
  • 33. [See ver. 9 above]
  • 34. Revelation 13:10
  • 35. Revelation 12:17
  • 36. Revelation 20:6; [Ecclesiastes 4:2]
  • 37. 1 Corinthians 15:18; 1 Thessalonians 4:16
  • 38. Revelation 6:11
  • 39. See Revelation 1:13
  • 40. Revelation 6:2
  • 41. [Revelation 15:6; Revelation 16:17]
  • 42. ver. 18; Joel 3:13; Mark 4:29; [Matthew 13:39]
  • 43. Jeremiah 51:33
  • 44. [Revelation 16:8]
  • 45. Joel 3:13
  • 46. Revelation 19:15
  • 47. Isaiah 63:3; Lamentations 1:15
  • 48. [Hebrews 13:12]
  • 49. [Revelation 19:14]

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Or wrath
  • [b]. Greek and the faith of Jesus
  • [c]. About 184 miles; a stadion was about 607 feet or 185 meters

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO REVALATION 14

This chapter contains three visions; one of the Lamb on Mount Zion, another of the three angels preaching against Babylon, and the third of the harvest and vintage. The vision of the Lamb is in Re 14:1, which is no other than Christ, described by his similitude, as a Lamb; by the place where he was, Mount Zion; by his position there, standing, and by the company that were with him, whose number were 144,000, and their character, his Father's name written on their foreheads; at the same time a voice was heard from heaven, comparable to the sound of many waters, of thunders, and of harps: and a song sung which none learn but the above number with the Lamb, Re 14:2,3, who are described by their purity, chastity, and strict adherence to Christ; by their redemption through him; by their being the firstfruits of God and of the Lamb, and by their integrity and unblemished character, Re 14:4,5; next follows the account of the three angels; the first comes with the everlasting Gospel, to preach it to all men, loudly calling upon all to fear and worship God, and give glory to him, since he is the Creator of all, and the hour of his judgment is come, Re 14:6,7; the second proclaims the fall of Babylon, with the reason of it, Re 14:8; and the third denounces the wrath of God upon the worshippers of the beast in the most public manner, and that for ever, Re 14:9-11; and this vision is closed with some expressions, showing that, till this was done, the patience of the saints would be tried, and the true worshippers of the Lamb be discovered, and comforting them with an assurance of that rest that remains after death for the faithful followers of Christ, Re 14:12,13; after this is the vision of the harvest and vintage of the earth. The reaper is described by his form, like the son of man; by his seat, a white cloud; by a golden crown on his head, and by a sharp sickle in his hand, Re 14:14; who is called upon by an angel out of the temple to make use of his sickle, and reap, because the time of reaping was come, the harvest being ripe, Re 14:15, upon which he thrusts in his sickle, and reaps the earth, Re 14:16; after this, another angel appears out of the temple, with a sharp sickle, to whom another angel from the altar, that had power over fire, calls to make use of his sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine, since the grapes were fully ripe, Re 14:17,18; upon which he thrusts in his sickle, and gathers them, and casts them into the winepress of divine wrath, which being trodden, blood comes out of it to the horses' bridles for the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs, Re 14:19,20.

Revelation 14 Commentaries