Exodus 1:13

13 and worked them ruthlessly.

Exodus 1:13 in Other Translations

13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour:
13 So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel work as slaves
13 So the Egyptians worked the people of Israel without mercy.
13 and treated them worse than ever, crushing them with slave labor.
13 They worked the Israelites ruthlessly

Exodus 1:13 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 1:13

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve
with rigour.
Or with breach F3, with what might tend to break their strength; they laid heavier burdens upon them, obliged them to harder service, used them more cruelly and with greater fierceness, adding to their hard service ill words, and perhaps blows.


F3 (Krpb) "in fractione", Cajetan. apud Rivet.

Exodus 1:13 In-Context

11 So they put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh.
12 But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites
13 and worked them ruthlessly.
14 They made their lives bitter with harsh labor in brick and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their harsh labor the Egyptians worked them ruthlessly.
15 The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, whose names were Shiphrah and Puah,

Cross References 1

  • 1. ver 14; Genesis 15:13-14; Exodus 5:21; Exodus 16:3; Lev 25:43,46,53; Deuteronomy 4:20; Deuteronomy 26:6; 1 Kings 8:51; Psalms 129:1; Isaiah 30:6; Isaiah 48:10; Jeremiah 11:4
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