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Exodus 1:13

13 and worked them ruthlessly.

Read Exodus 1:13 Using Other Translations

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour:
So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel work as slaves
So the Egyptians worked the people of Israel without mercy.

What does Exodus 1:13 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Exodus 1:13

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve
with rigour.
Or with breach F3, with what might tend to break their strength; they laid heavier burdens upon them, obliged them to harder service, used them more cruelly and with greater fierceness, adding to their hard service ill words, and perhaps blows.


FOOTNOTES:

F3 (Krpb) "in fractione", Cajetan. apud Rivet.
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