Exodus 30:1

The Altar of Incense

1 “Make an altar of acacia wood for burning incense.

Exodus 30:1 in Other Translations

King James Version (KJV)
1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.
English Standard Version (ESV)
1 "You shall make an altar on which to burn incense; you shall make it of acacia wood.
New Living Translation (NLT)
1 “Then make another altar of acacia wood for burning incense.
The Message Bible (MSG)
1 "Make an Altar for burning incense. Construct it from acacia wood,
American Standard Version (ASV)
1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of acacia wood shalt thou make it.
GOD'S WORD Translation (GW)
1 [The LORD continued,] "Build an altar out of acacia wood for burning incense.
Holman Christian Standard Bible (CSB)
1 "You are to make an altar for the burning of incense; make it of acacia wood.
New International Reader's Version (NIRV)
1 "Make an altar for burning incense. Make it out of acacia wood.

Exodus 30:1 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 30:1

And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon
The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan call it incense of spices, properly enough, for it was made of various spices; of which see ( Exodus 30:34 ) and this was necessary on a natural and civil account, to remove those ill smells from the sanctuary, occasioned by the number of beasts continually slain in it; but chiefly on a religions account, to denote the acceptableness of the service of the sanctuary to God:

of shittim wood shall thou make it:
of the same that the altar of burnt offering was made, which was covered with brass, but this with gold, as after related; of this sort of wood, (See Gill on Exodus 25:5) as this altar was a type of Christ, the shittim wood may respect his human nature; which wood, though it sprung out of the earth, was not common, but choice and excellent, and very strong durable, and incorruptible; and so Christ, though he was man made of an earthly woman in his human nature, yet was chosen out of the people, is the chiefest among ten thousand, and excellent as the cedars, the man of God's right hand, whom he made strong for himself; and though he died in it, he saw no corruption, he now lives, and will live for evermore; in which nature he acts the part of a Mediator, and intercedes for his people, and offers up their prayers, perfumed with the much incense of his mediation, to which this altar has a special respect.

Exodus 30:1 In-Context

1 “Make an altar of acacia wood for burning incense.
2 It is to be square, a cubit long and a cubit wide, and two cubits high —its horns of one piece with it.
3 Overlay the top and all the sides and the horns with pure gold, and make a gold molding around it.
4 Make two gold rings for the altar below the molding—two on each of the opposite sides—to hold the poles used to carry it.
5 Make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Exodus 40:5,26; Numbers 4:11; 1 Kings 6:20; Ezekiel 41:22; Exodus 37:25
  • 2. S Exodus 25:6; Exodus 37:29; Luke 1:11; Hebrews 9:4; Revelation 8:3
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