Exodus 9:31

31 (The flax and barley were destroyed, since the barley had headed and the flax was in bloom.

Read Exodus 9:31 Using Other Translations

And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled.
(The flax and the barley were struck down, for the barley was in the ear and the flax was in bud.
(All the flax and barley were ruined by the hail, because the barley had formed heads and the flax was budding.

What does Exodus 9:31 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Exodus 9:31

And the flax and the barley was smitten
With the hail, thunder, and lightning, and were beat down, bruised, broken, and blasted, and destroyed; of the former there were great quantities produced in Egypt, which was famous for linen, much was made there, and there were many that wrought in fine flax, see ( Isaiah 19:9 ) and the latter were used not only to feed their cattle, but to make a drink of, as we do, ale and strong beer; and so the Egyptians use it to this day, as Dr. Shaw F16 says, both to feed their cattle, and after it is dried and parched, to make a fermented, intoxicating liquor, called "bonzah"; probably the same with the barley wine of the ancients, and a species of the "sicar", or strong drink of the Scriptures: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled;
or in the stalk, quite grown up, and so the ears of the one were beat off, and the stalks of the other battered with the hail, and broken and destroyed.


FOOTNOTES:

F16 Travels, tom. 2. c. 2. sect. 5. p. 407. Ed. 2.
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