Ezekiel 22

Judgment on Jerusalem’s Sins

1 The word of the LORD came to me:
2 “Son of man, will you judge her? Will you judge this city of bloodshed? Then confront her with all her detestable practices
3 and say: ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says: You city that brings on herself doom by shedding blood in her midst and defiles herself by making idols,
4 you have become guilty because of the blood you have shed and have become defiled by the idols you have made. You have brought your days to a close, and the end of your years has come. Therefore I will make you an object of scorn to the nations and a laughingstock to all the countries.
5 Those who are near and those who are far away will mock you, you infamous city, full of turmoil.
6 “ ‘See how each of the princes of Israel who are in you uses his power to shed blood.
7 In you they have treated father and mother with contempt; in you they have oppressed the foreigner and mistreated the fatherless and the widow.
8 You have despised my holy things and desecrated my Sabbaths.
9 In you are slanderers who are bent on shedding blood; in you are those who eat at the mountain shrines and commit lewd acts.
10 In you are those who dishonor their father’s bed; in you are those who violate women during their period, when they are ceremonially unclean.
11 In you one man commits a detestable offense with his neighbor’s wife, another shamefully defiles his daughter-in-law, and another violates his sister, his own father’s daughter.
12 In you are people who accept bribes to shed blood; you take interest and make a profit from the poor. You extort unjust gain from your neighbors. And you have forgotten me, declares the Sovereign LORD.
13 “ ‘I will surely strike my hands together at the unjust gain you have made and at the blood you have shed in your midst.
14 Will your courage endure or your hands be strong in the day I deal with you? I the LORD have spoken, and I will do it.
15 I will disperse you among the nations and scatter you through the countries; and I will put an end to your uncleanness.
16 When you have been defiled[a] in the eyes of the nations, you will know that I am the LORD.’ ”
17 Then the word of the LORD came to me:
18 “Son of man, the people of Israel have become dross to me; all of them are the copper, tin, iron and lead left inside a furnace. They are but the dross of silver.
19 Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: ‘Because you have all become dross, I will gather you into Jerusalem.
20 As silver, copper, iron, lead and tin are gathered into a furnace to be melted with a fiery blast, so will I gather you in my anger and my wrath and put you inside the city and melt you.
21 I will gather you and I will blow on you with my fiery wrath, and you will be melted inside her.
22 As silver is melted in a furnace, so you will be melted inside her, and you will know that I the LORD have poured out my wrath on you.’ ”
23 Again the word of the LORD came to me:
24 “Son of man, say to the land, ‘You are a land that has not been cleansed or rained on in the day of wrath.’
25 There is a conspiracy of her princes[b] within her like a roaring lion tearing its prey; they devour people, take treasures and precious things and make many widows within her.
26 Her priests do violence to my law and profane my holy things; they do not distinguish between the holy and the common; they teach that there is no difference between the unclean and the clean; and they shut their eyes to the keeping of my Sabbaths, so that I am profaned among them.
27 Her officials within her are like wolves tearing their prey; they shed blood and kill people to make unjust gain.
28 Her prophets whitewash these deeds for them by false visions and lying divinations. They say, ‘This is what the Sovereign LORD says’—when the LORD has not spoken.
29 The people of the land practice extortion and commit robbery; they oppress the poor and needy and mistreat the foreigner, denying them justice.
30 “I looked for someone among them who would build up the wall and stand before me in the gap on behalf of the land so I would not have to destroy it, but I found no one.
31 So I will pour out my wrath on them and consume them with my fiery anger, bringing down on their own heads all they have done, declares the Sovereign LORD.”

Ezekiel 22 Commentary

Chapter 22

The sins of Jerusalem. (1-16) Israel is condemned as dross. (17-22) As the corruption is general, so shall be the punishment. (23-31)

Verses 1-16 The prophet is to judge the bloody city; the city of bloods. Jerusalem is so called, because of her crimes. The sins which Jerusalem stands charged with, are exceeding sinful. Murder, idolatry, disobedience to parents, oppression and extortion, profanation of the sabbath and holy things, seventh commandment sins, lewdness and adultery. Unmindfulness of God was at the bottom of all this wickedness. Sinners provoke God because they forget him. Jerusalem has filled the measure of her sins. Those who give up themselves to be ruled by their lusts, will justly be given up to be portioned by them. Those who resolve to be their own masters, let them expect no other happiness than their own hands can furnish; and a miserable portion it will prove.

Verses 17-22 Israel, compared with other nations, had been as the gold and silver compared with baser metals. But they were now as the refuse that is consumed in the furnace, or thrown away when the silver is refined. Sinners, especially backsliding professors, are, in God's account, useless and fit for nothing. When God brings his own people into the furnace, he sits by them as the refiner by his gold, to see that they are not continued there any longer than is fitting and needful. The dross shall be wholly separated, and the good metal purified. Let those who suffer pains, or lingering sickness, and find that their hearts can scarcely bear these light and momentary afflictions, take warning to flee from the wrath to come; for if these trials are not sanctified by the power of the Holy Spirit, to the cleansing their hearts and hands from sin, far worse things will come upon them.

Verses 23-31 All orders and degrees of men had helped to fill the measure of the nation's guilt. The people that had any power abused it, and even the buyers and sellers find some way to oppress one another. It bodes ill to a people when judgments are breaking in upon them, and the spirit of prayer is restrained. Let all who fear God, unite to promote his truth and righteousness; as wicked men of every rank and profession plot together to run them down.

Cross References 75

  • 1. Ezekiel 24:6,9; Hosea 4:2; Nahum 3:1; Habakkuk 2:12
  • 2. S Ezekiel 16:2; Ezekiel 23:36
  • 3. ver 6,13,27; Ezekiel 23:37,45; Ezekiel 24:6
  • 4. S 2 Kings 21:16
  • 5. Ezekiel 21:25
  • 6. S Psalms 137:3
  • 7. Psalms 44:13-14; S Ezekiel 5:14
  • 8. S Isaiah 22:2
  • 9. S Ezekiel 11:6; Ezekiel 18:10; Ezekiel 33:25; Isaiah 1:23
  • 10. S Deuteronomy 5:16; Deuteronomy 27:16; Micah 7:6
  • 11. S Exodus 23:9
  • 12. S Exodus 22:21-22
  • 13. S Exodus 20:8; Ezekiel 23:38-39
  • 14. S Leviticus 19:16
  • 15. Isaiah 59:3; S Ezekiel 11:6; Hosea 4:2; Hosea 6:9
  • 16. Ezekiel 18:11
  • 17. Ezekiel 23:29; Hosea 4:10,14
  • 18. Leviticus 18:7
  • 19. S Leviticus 12:2
  • 20. S Leviticus 18:8,19
  • 21. S Jeremiah 5:8
  • 22. S Genesis 11:31; Leviticus 18:15
  • 23. S Leviticus 18:9; S 2 Samuel 13:14
  • 24. Ezekiel 18:6
  • 25. S Exodus 18:21; Deuteronomy 27:25; Psalms 26:10; Isaiah 5:23; Amos 5:12; Micah 7:3
  • 26. S Ezekiel 18:8
  • 27. Leviticus 19:13
  • 28. Psalms 106:21; S Isaiah 17:10; S Isaiah 57:11
  • 29. S Ezekiel 11:6
  • 30. S Numbers 24:10; S Ezekiel 21:17
  • 31. S ver 27; S Isaiah 33:15
  • 32. S ver 3
  • 33. S Ezekiel 6:11
  • 34. Psalms 76:7; Joel 2:11; Nahum 1:6; Malachi 3:2
  • 35. S Ezekiel 7:17
  • 36. Ezekiel 24:14
  • 37. S Ezekiel 17:24; Ezekiel 21:7
  • 38. S Leviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:27; Zechariah 7:14
  • 39. S Ezekiel 16:41
  • 40. Ezekiel 24:11; Ezekiel 23:27
  • 41. S Psalms 119:119; Isaiah 1:22
  • 42. Isaiah 48:10
  • 43. Jeremiah 6:28-30
  • 44. S Psalms 119:119
  • 45. Hosea 8:10; Malachi 3:2
  • 46. Isaiah 40:7; Haggai 1:9
  • 47. Psalms 68:2; Ezekiel 21:31
  • 48. S Isaiah 1:25
  • 49. S Ezekiel 7:8
  • 50. S Isaiah 64:7; Ezekiel 20:8,33
  • 51. Ezekiel 24:13
  • 52. Jeremiah 11:9
  • 53. S Psalms 22:13
  • 54. Hosea 6:9
  • 55. Jeremiah 15:8; Jeremiah 18:21
  • 56. Hosea 9:7-8; Zephaniah 3:4; Malachi 2:7-8
  • 57. Ezekiel 42:20; Ezekiel 44:23
  • 58. S Leviticus 20:25; Leviticus 10:10
  • 59. S Leviticus 18:21; S Ezekiel 13:19
  • 60. ver 8; S 1 Samuel 2:12-17; Jeremiah 2:8,26; Haggai 2:11-14
  • 61. S Jeremiah 26:10; Zephaniah 3:3
  • 62. Matthew 7:15
  • 63. S ver 3; S Ezekiel 11:6; Ezekiel 33:25; Ezekiel 34:2-3; Micah 3:2,10
  • 64. ver 13; S Genesis 37:24; S Isaiah 1:23; S Jeremiah 12:2; S Jeremiah 51:13; Ezekiel 33:31
  • 65. S Ezekiel 13:10
  • 66. S Lamentations 2:14; S Lamentations 4:13; S Ezekiel 21:29
  • 67. S Eze 13:2,6-7
  • 68. S Psalms 62:10
  • 69. S Exodus 22:21; Exodus 23:9
  • 70. S Isaiah 5:7
  • 71. S Ezekiel 13:5
  • 72. Psalms 106:23; S Isaiah 64:7; Jeremiah 5:1
  • 73. Exodus 32:10; S Isaiah 30:27; S Lamentations 4:11
  • 74. Ezekiel 16:43
  • 75. Ezekiel 7:8-9; Ezekiel 9:10; Romans 2:8

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Or "When I have allotted you your inheritance"
  • [b]. Septuagint; Hebrew "prophets"

Chapter Summary


In this chapter a catalogue or list of the sins of the Jews is given; a comparison of them to dross is made, and they are dealt with accordingly; and a complaint is lodged against all ranks and orders of men for their sins; on account of which, there being no intercessor for them, they are threatened with captivity and destruction. The prophet is ordered to judge them, and lay before them their abominable sins, Eze 22:1,2, of which a long list is given, as murder, idolatry; contempt of parents; oppression of the stranger, fatherless, and widow; negligence of holy things; profanation of the sabbath; tale bearing, lewdness and uncleanness of various sorts; bribery, usury, extortion, and dishonest gain, Eze 22:3-13 for which the Lord threatens to deal with them in a manner that would be intolerable to them; that he would carry them captive, and scatter them among the Heathen, Eze 22:14-16, they are compared to dross, and as such should be gathered into a furnace, and melted down, Eze 22:17-21, all ranks and orders of men are complained of, because of their sins, and threatened, Eze 22:23,24, the prophets for their voraciousness, rapine, murder, and lies, Eze 22:25,28, the priests, for their violation of the law, neglect of holy things, and profanation of the sabbath, Eze 22:26, the princes, for their cruelty, murder, and dishonest gain, Eze 22:27, the people of the land, for their oppression and robbery, Eze 22:29, and there being none to stand in the gap for them, the Lord threatens to pour out his wrath upon them, and consume them, Eze 22:30,31.

Ezekiel 22 Commentaries

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