The men of Arvad, with thine army were upon thy walls
Placed there for the defence of the city, to watch against an enemy, lest it should be surprised; here they were upon the patrol day and night; see ( Isaiah 62:6 ) , these were the men of the same place before mentioned, ( Ezekiel 27:8 ) which furnished Tyre both with mariners and soldiers: and the Gammadims were in thy towers:
not the Medes, as Symmachus renders it; nor the Cappadocians, as the Targum; much less were they images of their tutelar gods, as Spencer thinks, of a cubit long; nor "pygmies", as the Vulgate Latin version renders it; which to mention would not be to the honour of their militia; though Kimchi and Ben Melech call them dwarfs, men of a small stature, of a cubit high, from whence they are supposed to have their name; so Schindler F17: rather they were the inhabitants of some place in Phoenicia; either of Ancon; which in Greek signifies a cubit, as Gamad does in Hebrew; or of Gammade, the same which Pliny F18 corruptly calls Gamale. Hillerus F19 thinks the word signifies "ambidexters", or left handed men, such as Ehud: they hanged their shields upon thy walls roundabout.
Kimchi and Ben Melech observe it was a custom in some places to hang such weapons upon the tops of towers, and upon the walls of them; which might be done, either that they might be ready to take up and make use of, whenever occasion required; or to dismay their enemies, and to show them that they were provided for them: they have made thy beauty perfect;
besides the beauty of her buildings and shipping, there was the beauty of her militia; which was increased by the soldiers from Persia, Lydia, and Lybia, and added to by the men of Arvad, but completed by the Gammadim; and particularly being glided, as probably they were, looked very glittering and beautiful in the rays of the sun.