But other of the apostles saw I none
This is observed to show, that as he did not receive the Gospel from Peter, so neither from any of the other apostles, whom he did not so much as see, much less converse with;
save James the Lord's brother;
not James the son of Zebedee, the brother of John, whom Herod slew with the sword; but James the son of Alphaeus, he who made the speech in the synod at Jerusalem, ( Acts 15:13 ) was the writer of the epistle which bears his name, and was the brother of Joses, Simon, and Judas, who are called the brethren of Christ, ( Matthew 13:55 ) and that because they were the kinsmen and relations of Christ according to the flesh, it being usual with the Jews to call such brethren. The relation came in and stood thus; this James was James the less, the son of Mary the wife of Cleophas, ( Mark 15:40 Mark 15:47 ) which Cleophas was the brother of Joseph, the husband of Mary the mother of our Lord, as Eusebius, from Hegesippus, relates; and so our Lord and this James were brothers' children, as was supposed: or else the wife of Cleophas the mother of James, was sister to Mary the mother of Christ, as she is called, ( John 19:25 ) and so they were sisters' children, or own cousins; and thus Jerom F20, after much discourse on this subject, concludes that Mary the mother of James the less was the wife of Alphaeus, (or Cleophas, which is the same,) and the sister of Mary the mother of the Lord, whom the Evangelist John surnames Mary of Cleophas; and persons in such a relation, and even uncles and nephews, were called brethren by the Jews; see ( Genesis 12:5 ) ( Genesis 13:8 ) ( Genesis 29:12 Genesis 29:15 ) ( Leviticus 10:4 ) nor is James one of our Lord's disciples being called his brother, any contradiction to ( John 7:5 ) as the Jew
F20 Advers. Helvidium, Tom. II. fol. 4. M.
F21 R. Isaac, Chizzuk Emuna, par. 2. c. 8. p. 469.
F23 Euseb. Eccl. Hist. l. 2. c. 23. Hieron. Catalog. Script. Eccl. sect. 3. fol. 89.
F24 Antiqu. l. 20. c. 8. sect. 1.