Genesis 1:8

8 God called the vault “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.

Genesis 1:8 in Other Translations

8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
8 And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.
8 God called the space “sky.” And evening passed and morning came, marking the second day.
8 he named sky the Heavens; It was evening, it was morning - Day Two.
8 God called the expanse "sky." Evening came, and then morning: the second day.

Genesis 1:8 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 1:8

And God called the firmament heaven
Including the starry and airy heavens: it has its name from its height in the Arabic language, it being above the earth, and reaching to the third heaven; though others take the word "shamaim" to be a compound of two words, "sham" and "maim", that is, there are waters, namely, in the clouds of heaven:

and the evening; and the morning were the second day;
these together made up the space of twenty four hours, which was another natural day; the body of light, created on the first day, having again moved round the chaos in that space of time; or else the chaos had turned round on its own axis in that time, which revolution produced a second day; and which, according to Capellus, was the nineteenth of April, and according to Bishop Usher the twenty fourth of October. It is an observation that everyone may make, that the phrase,

and God saw that it was good,
is not used at the close of this day's work, as of the rest: the reason some Jewish writers give is, because the angels fell on this day; but it is a much better which Jarchi gives, and that is, because the work of the waters was not finished; it was begun on the second day, and perfected on the third {d}; and therefore the phrase is twice used in the account of the third day's work: the Septuagint version adds it here indeed, but without any foundation.


F4 Vid. Maimon. Moreh Nevochim, par. 2. c. 30.

Genesis 1:8 In-Context

6 And God said, “Let there be a vault between the waters to separate water from water.”
7 So God made the vault and separated the water under the vault from the water above it. And it was so.
8 God called the vault “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.
9 And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so.
10 God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good.

Cross References 3

  • 1. S ver 5
  • 2. Job 9:8; Job 37:18; Psalms 19:1; Psalms 104:2; Isaiah 40:22; Isaiah 44:24; Isaiah 45:12; Jeremiah 10:12; Zechariah 12:1
  • 3. S ver 5