Genesis 13

Abram and Lot Separate

1 So Abram went up from Egypt to the Negev, with his wife and everything he had, and Lot went with him.
2 Abram had become very wealthy in livestock and in silver and gold.
3 From the Negev he went from place to place until he came to Bethel, to the place between Bethel and Ai where his tent had been earlier
4 and where he had first built an altar. There Abram called on the name of the LORD.
5 Now Lot, who was moving about with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents.
6 But the land could not support them while they stayed together, for their possessions were so great that they were not able to stay together.
7 And quarreling arose between Abram’s herders and Lot’s. The Canaanites and Perizzites were also living in the land at that time.
8 So Abram said to Lot, “Let’s not have any quarreling between you and me, or between your herders and mine, for we are close relatives.
9 Is not the whole land before you? Let’s part company. If you go to the left, I’ll go to the right; if you go to the right, I’ll go to the left.”
10 Lot looked around and saw that the whole plain of the Jordan toward Zoar was well watered, like the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt. (This was before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah.)
11 So Lot chose for himself the whole plain of the Jordan and set out toward the east. The two men parted company:
12 Abram lived in the land of Canaan, while Lot lived among the cities of the plain and pitched his tents near Sodom.
13 Now the people of Sodom were wicked and were sinning greatly against the LORD.
14 The LORD said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, “Look around from where you are, to the north and south, to the east and west.
15 All the land that you see I will give to you and your offspring[a] forever.
16 I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count the dust, then your offspring could be counted.
17 Go, walk through the length and breadth of the land, for I am giving it to you.”
18 So Abram went to live near the great trees of Mamre at Hebron, where he pitched his tents. There he built an altar to the LORD.

Genesis 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Abram returns out of Egypt with great riches. (1-4) Strife between the herdsmen of Abram and Lot. Abram gives Lot his choice of the country. (5-9) Lot chooses to dwell at Sodom. (10-13) God renews his promise to Abram, who removes to Hebron. (14-18)

Verses 1-4 Abram was very rich: he was very heavy, so the Hebrew word is; for riches are a burden; and they that will be rich, do but load themselves with thick clay, ( Habakkuk 2:6 ) . There is a burden of care in getting riches, fear in keeping them, temptation in using them, guilt in abusing them, sorrow in losing them, and a burden of account at last to be given up about them. Yet God in his providence sometimes makes good men rich men, and thus God's blessing made Abram rich without sorrow, ( Proverbs 10:22 ) . Though it is hard for a rich man to get to heaven, yet in some cases it may be, ( mark 10:23 mark 10:24 ) . Nay, outward prosperity, if well managed, is an ornament to piety, and an opportunity for doing more good. Abram removed to Beth-el. His altar was gone, so that he could not offer sacrifice; but he called on the name of the Lord. You may as soon find a living man without breath as one of God's people without prayer.

Verses 5-9 Riches not only afford matter for strife, and are the things most commonly striven about; but they also stir up a spirit of contention, by making people proud and covetous. Mine and thine are the great make-bates of the world. Poverty and labour, wants and wanderings, could not separate Abram and Lot; but riches did so. Bad servants often make a great deal of mischief in families and among neighbours, by their pride and passion, lying, slandering, and talebearing. What made the quarrel worse was, that the Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelt then in the land. The quarrels of professors are the reproach of religion, and give occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme. It is best to keep the peace, that it be not broken; but the next best is, if differences do happen, with all speed to quench the fire that is broken out. The attempt to stay this strife was made by Abram, although he was the elder and the greater man. Abram shows himself to be a man of cool spirit, that had the command of his passion, and knew how to turn away wrath by a soft answer. Those that would keep the peace, must never render railing for railing. And of a condescending spirit; he was willing to beseech even his inferior to be at peace. Whatever others are for, the people of God must be for peace. Abram's plea for peace was very powerful. Let the people of the land contend about trifles; but let not us fall out, who know better things, and look for a better country. Professors of religion should be most careful to avoid contention. Many profess to be for peace who will do nothing towards it: not so Abram. When God condescends to beseech us to be reconciled, we may well beseech one another. Though God had promised Abram to give this land to his seed, yet he offered an equal or better share to Lot, who had not an equal right; and he will not, under the protection of God's promise, act hardly to his kinsman. It is noble to be willing to yield for peace' sake.

Verses 10-13 Abram having offered Lot the choice, he at once accepted it. Passion and selfishness make men rude. Lot looked to the goodness of the land; therefore he doubted not that in such a fruitful soil he should certainly thrive. But what came of it? Those who, in choosing relations, callings, dwellings, or settlements, are guided and governed by the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, or the pride of life, cannot expect God's presence or blessing. They are commonly disappointed even in that which they principally aim at. In all our choices this principle should rule, That is best for us, which is best for our souls. Lot little considered the badness of the inhabitants. The men of Sodom were impudent, daring sinners. This was the iniquity of Sodom, pride, fulness of bread, and abundance of idleness, ( Ezekiel 16:49 ) . God often gives great plenty to great sinners. It has often been the vexatious lot of good men to live among wicked neighbours; and it must be the more grievous, if, as Lot here, they have brought it upon themselves by a wrong choice.

Verses 14-18 Those are best prepared for the visits of Divine grace, whose spirits are calm, and not ruffled with passion. God will abundantly make up in spiritual peace, what we lose for preserving neighbourly peace. When our relations are separated from us, yet God is not. Observe also the promises with which God now comforted and enriched Abram. Of two things he assures him; a good land, and a numerous issue to enjoy it. The prospects seen by faith are more rich and beautiful than those we see around us. God bade him walk through the land, not to think of fixing in it, but expect to be always unsettled, and walking through it to a better Canaan. He built an altar, in token of his thankfulness to God. When God meets us with gracious promises, he expects that we should attend him with humble praises. In outward difficulties, it is very profitable for the true believer to mediate on the glorious inheritance which the Lord has for him at the last.

Cross References 41

  • 1. Genesis 45:25
  • 2. S Genesis 12:9
  • 3. S Genesis 11:27
  • 4. S Genesis 12:5; Genesis 26:13; Proverbs 10:22
  • 5. Genesis 32:15; Job 1:3; Job 42:12
  • 6. S Genesis 12:9
  • 7. S Genesis 12:8
  • 8. Joshua 7:2
  • 9. S Genesis 12:7
  • 10. S Genesis 4:26
  • 11. S Genesis 11:27
  • 12. S Genesis 12:5; Genesis 33:9; Genesis 36:7
  • 13. Genesis 26:20,21; Numbers 20:3
  • 14. S Genesis 10:18
  • 15. Genesis 15:20; Genesis 34:30; Exodus 3:8; Judges 1:4
  • 16. Genesis 12:6; Genesis 34:30
  • 17. S Genesis 11:27
  • 18. Proverbs 15:18; Proverbs 20:3
  • 19. Genesis 19:9; Exodus 2:14; Numbers 16:13; Psalms 133:1
  • 20. Genesis 20:15; Genesis 34:10; Genesis 47:6; Jeremiah 40:4
  • 21. 1 Kings 7:46; 2 Chronicles 4:17
  • 22. Numbers 13:29; Numbers 33:48
  • 23. Genesis 2:8-10; Isaiah 51:3; Ezekiel 31:8-9
  • 24. Genesis 46:7
  • 25. Genesis 14:2; Genesis 19:22,30; Deuteronomy 34:3; Isaiah 15:5; Jeremiah 48:34
  • 26. Deuteronomy 29:23; Job 39:6; Psalms 107:34; Jeremiah 4:26
  • 27. Genesis 14:8; Genesis 19:17-29
  • 28. S Genesis 10:19
  • 29. S Genesis 11:27
  • 30. S ver 10; Ge 19:17,25,29
  • 31. Genesis 14:12
  • 32. Genesis 19:4; Isaiah 1:10; Isaiah 3:9
  • 33. Genesis 18:20; Genesis 19:5; Genesis 20:6; Genesis 39:9; Numbers 32:23; 1 Samuel 12:23; 2 Samuel 12:13; Psalms 51:4; Ezekiel 16:49-50; 2 Peter 2:8
  • 34. Genesis 28:14; Genesis 32:12; Genesis 48:16; Deuteronomy 3:27; Deuteronomy 13:17; Isaiah 54:3
  • 35. S Genesis 12:7; Galatians 3:16*
  • 36. S Genesis 12:2; Genesis 16:10; Genesis 17:20; Genesis 21:13,18; Genesis 25:16; Numbers 23:10
  • 37. ver 15; Numbers 13:17-25
  • 38. S Genesis 12:7; Genesis 15:7
  • 39. Genesis 14:13,24; Genesis 18:1; Genesis 23:17,19; Genesis 25:9; Genesis 49:30; Genesis 50:13
  • 40. Genesis 23:2; Genesis 35:27; Genesis 37:14; Numbers 13:22; Joshua 10:3,36; Judges 1:10; 1 Samuel 30:31; 2Sa 2:1,3,11; 1 Chronicles 11:1
  • 41. S Genesis 8:20

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "seed" ; also in verse 16

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS 13

This chapter gives an account of the return of Abram from Egypt to the land of Canaan, and to the same place in it he had been before, Ge 13:1-4 and of a strife between the herdsmen of Abram and Lot, and the occasion of it, Ge 13:5-7 which was composed by the prudent proposal of Abram, Ge 13:8,9 upon which they parted; Abram continued in Canaan, and Lot chose the plain of Jordan, and dwelt near Sodom, a place infamous for wickedness, Ge 13:10-13 after which the Lord renewed to Abram the grant of the land of Canaan to him, and to his seed, Ge 13:14-17 and then he removed to the plain of Mamre in Hebron, and there set up the worship of God, Ge 13:18.

Genesis 13 Commentaries