And the angel of the Lord found her
This is the first time that mention is made of an angel in Scripture, but is not to be understood of a created angel, but of a divine Person, as appears from ( Genesis 16:10 Genesis 16:13 ) , the uncreated angel, the Logos or Son of God, called the Angel of God's presence, and the Angel of the covenant, ( Isaiah 63:9 ) ( Malachi 3:1 ) ; who often appeared in an human form before his incarnation, being sent by his divine Father on one account or another; and hence called an angel, a messenger, or one sent, as in the fulness of time he was sent in human nature to be the Redeemer of his people; though many of the Jewish writers take this angel to be a man sent of God. Gersom
fountain of water in the wilderness;
which lay between Egypt and Canaan, the same through which the Israelites passed afterwards from the one to the other: here was a fountain of water, and meeting with it she stopped to refresh herself,
fountain in the way to Shur;
a place before or over against Egypt, from whence the wilderness had its name, see ( Genesis 25:18 ) ( 1 Samuel 15:7 ) ( Exodus 15:22 ) , which shows that she was making her way to Egypt, as fast as she could, her native country, where in all probability she proposed to continue, and never return more: what the name of the place the angel found her at was, at that time, is not certain, or whether it had any; for it seems to be so called from the Lord's "looking" upon her here, which "Shur" signifies: the Jerusalem Targum calls it Chalaza; and both the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan name it Chagra or Hagra, after her own name, as it should seem: and it is remarkable, that this very place, and the wilderness, and parts adjacent, were the habitation of her posterity, the sons of Ishmael, ( Genesis 25:18 ) ; and must be in Arabia Petraea, which they inhabited; and Ptolemy F17 speaks of a city called Suratta, in that country.