Genesis 21:31

31 So that place was called Beersheba,[a] because the two men swore an oath there.

Genesis 21:31 in Other Translations

KJV
31 Wherefore he called that place Beersheba; because there they sware both of them.
ESV
31 Therefore that place was called Beersheba, because there both of them swore an oath.
NLT
31 Then he named the place Beersheba (which means “well of the oath”), because that was where they had sworn the oath.
MSG
31 That's how the place got named Beersheba (the Oath-Well), because the two of them swore a covenant oath there.
CSB
31 Therefore that place was called Beer-sheba because it was there that the two of them swore an oath.

Genesis 21:31 Meaning and Commentary

Genesis 21:31

Wherefore he called that place Beersheba
Either Abraham or Abimelech, or both, called it so; or it may be read impersonally, "therefore the place was called Beersheba" F20, for two reasons, one implied, the other expressed; one was, because of the seven lambs before mentioned; so the Targum of Jonathan,

``and therefore he called the well the well of seven lambs;''
"Beer" signifying a well, and "sheba" seven; the other, and which is more certain, being expressed, is as follows; because there they sware both of them;
by the living God, to keep the covenant inviolably they had made between them.
FOOTNOTES:

F20 (arqy) "vocatus", V. L. Calvin, Piscator.

Genesis 21:31 In-Context

29 and Abimelek asked Abraham, “What is the meaning of these seven ewe lambs you have set apart by themselves?”
30 He replied, “Accept these seven lambs from my hand as a witness that I dug this well.”
31 So that place was called Beersheba, because the two men swore an oath there.
32 After the treaty had been made at Beersheba, Abimelek and Phicol the commander of his forces returned to the land of the Philistines.
33 Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Eternal God.

Cross References 2

  • 1. S ver 14; Genesis 26:33
  • 2. S ver 23,S 27

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. "Beersheba" can mean "well of seven" and "well of the oath."