Genesis 25:3

3 Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan; the descendants of Dedan were the Ashurites, the Letushites and the Leummites.

Read Genesis 25:3 Using Other Translations

And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim.
Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim.
Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan. Dedan’s descendants were the Asshurites, Letushites, and Leummites.

What does Genesis 25:3 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Genesis 25:3

And Jokshan begat Sheba and Dedan
Bochart F15 is of opinion, that the posterity of this Sheba are the same with the Sabeans who inhabited at the entrance of Arabia Felix, not far from the Nabathaeans; and who, by Strabo F16, are mentioned together as near to Syria, and used to make excursions on their neighbours; and not without some colour of reason thought to be the same that plundered Job of his cattle, ( Job 1:15 ) . From Dedan came the Dedanim or Dedanites, spoken of with the Arabians in ( Isaiah 21:13 ) ; Junius thinks Adada in Palmyrene of Syria had its name from this man, and in which country is the mountain Aladan or Alladadan. Bochart F17 more probably takes Dedan, a city in Idumea, to derive its name from him. There is a village called Adedi in the country of the Cassanites, a people of Arabia Felix, which Ptolemy F18 makes mention of, and seems to have some appearance of this man's name:

and the sons of Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Leummim;
these names being plural are thought not to be proper names of men, but appellatives, descriptive of their places of abode, or of their business: hence the Targum of Onkelos represents them as such that dwelt in camps, in tents, and in islands; and the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem call them merchants, artificers and heads of the people: however, Cleodemus F19 the Heathen historian is wrong in deriving Assyria from Asshurim, whom he calls Ashur; since Assyria and Assyrians are so called from Ashur, the son of Shem, ( Genesis 10:22 ) .


FOOTNOTES:

F15 Phaleg. l. 2. c. 9. col. 227.
F16 Geograph. l. 16. p. 536.
F17 Phaleg. l. 4. c. 6. col. 219.
F18 Ut supra. (Geograph. l. 6. c. 7.)
F19 Apud Euseb. ut supra. (Praepar. Evangel. 9. c. 20. p. 432.)
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